Drs. Herbert Nevyas, Anita Nevyas-Wallace, & Nevyas Eye Associates – Bala Cynwyd, PA / Philadelphia, PA / Marlton, NJ
It started with Ed Sullivan, the guy who built the ‘Nevyas Laser’, a man already under scrutiny by the FDA…
“Ed Sullivan, doing business as ExSull, Drexel Hill, Pa, has been put on notice by the FDA that the agency regards him “clearly as a manufacturer with multiple manufacturing sites” subject to FDA rules and regulations and, if he makes another one of these excimer lasers “which are unapproved devices,” he will be in violation of the federal Food, Drug and Cosmetics Act and subject to legal penalties, according to top-ranking FDA officials within the national Division of Enforcement.” [as written in The Journal of Refractive Surgery – Volume 11 (5) * September/October 1995 * News, which was removed from the url address http://www.slackinc.com/eye/jrs/vol115/news1.htm].
And the FDA knew that! From the affidavitÂ Herbert NevyasÂ submitted to the FDA, it tells of Ed Sullivan building their laser. However, documents show Mr. Sullivan in teleconferences and meetings with the doctors and their laison with the FDA well after this article was written.
After I received inspection reports even less redacted from the FDA regarding inspections of the Nevyas’ facility, the FDA promised “to do what they could to help me”, but then refused after copies of the inspection reports were returned. In fact Les Weinstein, the CDRH Ombudsman, outright told me (through his secretary) he could no longer have any communication with me.
The inspection reports of Sullivan’s facility below were obtained via the Freedom Of Information Act.Â Regardless of these reports andÂ the articles written concerning ‘Homegrown Lasers”, is this what the FDA considers “protecting the public’s safety”?
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PAGE 1 – Previous inspection, 5/16/96, was a follow up to a Warning Letter issued on 8/17/95. The Warning Letter informed the firm that the FDA considered ExSull, Inc., to be a manufacturer of a Class III medical device, that was both adulterated and misbranded, in that there were no approved PMA or IDE for any of the devices and that the firm itself was not registered as a medical device manufacturer.
PAGE 2 – Mr. Sullivan stated that “he called the FDA and was sent material relating to the building of “custom devices”, and that the FDA person he had spoken to over the telephone assured him that it was okay to build them in the Doctor’s office”.
PAGE 3 – Repeated attempts to schedule a subsequent meeting with Mr. Sullivan (via my leaving numerous messages on his voice mail) were unsuccessful. Mr. Sullivan would not commit to a date and time, when he returned my repeated phone calls, and in some instances did not even return my phone calls. Only after inadvertently meeting him at one of his client’s (on 6/25/97), did he then agree to see me at his ExSull, Inc.,
PAGE 4 – Mr. Sullivan stated that he did not have any standard procedures for assembling the device. He stated that the device components are delivered to each physician’s office, where he then assembles the compete excimer laser. He informed me that he will then test the laser, but that he does not have any performance specifications, written assembly instructions or quality control tests.
PAGE 5 – and that any involvement by Mr. Sullivan in a sale, would depend on the nature of the sale. He would not elaborate on that statement, but explained that it means that he is not involved in every sale.
PAGE 6 – Mr. Sullivan informed me that he has not contracted to build any additional units, since he assembled the device for [redacted] in October 1996. On 6/26/97, Mr. Sullivan showed me a copy of an IDE for that same client [redacted], Mr. Sullivan explained that he was working on the document, and an examination of the IDE showed that the unit had been used to treat at least [redacted] patients, without an approved IDE. Mr. Sullivan would not allow me to copy this document, and stated that the FDA already has this IDE on file.
PAGE 7 – Mr. Sullivan did state that he will be publishing an article with a Dr. Herbert Nevyas, regarding the use of the ExSull, Inc., excimer laser for treatment of a patient with an irregular cornea, due to an eye injury.
PAGE 8 – According to Mr. Sullivan, this entire process (the exchange of laser beam requirements and the design specifications) is all done via telephone or personal visits, and he does not have any written records of the design specifications. He stated that each individual physician should have those records. Mr. Sullivan stated that he knew of no injuries with the device. He did say that in theory the laser would have some patients possibly experiencing overcorrection, but that the majority would experience a slight undercorrection, which might require additional treatment. In addition, he explained that there has been no hazing or scaring, with the devices. He stated that the physicians handle all of the complaints from the patients, and that he is not aware of any major complications.
PAGE 9 – Mr. Sullivan informed me that he designed the hardware for the “beam shaper” or “beam sculptor”, as well as, the software that controls that hardware. He stated that his program was written in [redacted]Â and that three versions have been made, of that software. He informed me that he had no documentation or procedures for upgrading or changing the program (at the Â [redacted]. In addition, he could not provide any information regarding which of the software versions are in any of the particular devices, stating that he did not keep any of those records.
PAGE 10 – Mr. Sullivan gave his permission for me to observe the calibration procedure. I was allowed to examine the optical compartment, including the “beam shaper” or “beam sculptor”, designed by Mr. Sullivan. Mr. Sullivan would not let me photograph this part of the device.
PAGE 11 – He informed me that he is only a consultant, and that each device he assembles is considered a “Custom Device”. He confirmed that he did not have any medical device manufacturing records, such as Master Device Record or Device History Record. I asked Mr. Sullivan if the firm had a Device Master Record or Device History Record. He responded that he considers himself a consultant, and that he does not keep any records of design specifications, manufacturing specifications or a device History Record. He stated that each of the physicians might have any documentation for the specifications or design, for their device.
PAGE 12 – During the inspection, Mr. Sullivan stated that the firm’s computer, used to store all of the business records, had experienced a “hard drive crash”, in the winter of 1996. He explained that consequently all records from 1994 to December 1996 have been lost.
PAGE 13 – He stated that he does not keep any repair or service log books, or a records of any complaints regarding the performance of the laser, by the physicians.
PAGE 14 – There are no Exhibits with this EIR, due to the unavailability of records at the firm.
PAGE 15 – The observations noted in this FDA-4B3 are not an exhaustive listing of objectionable conditions. FDA 483 issued.
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The FDA issued warning letters regarding the lasers Sullivan built, but STILL allowed doctors to further modify and use these devices onÂ people consideringÂ LASIK!
The following letters are from the FDA toÂ Drs. Herbert Nevyas and AnitaÂ Nevyas-Wallace before, throughout, and after their investigational study was terminated. Despite continued deficiencies as noted, the FDA kept granting the Nevyases Approvals for their study. Based on documents received during Morgan’s medical malpractice and the Nevyas v. Morgan lawsuits, Morgan believed the Nevyases constantly misrepresented themselves and their study to both Schullman Associates (the Nevyases IRB) the FDA and the courts:
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IDE Disapproval Letter from the FDA to Nevyases dated 05/08/97:
PAGE 1 – The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has reviewed your investigational device exemptions (IDE) application. We regret to inform you that your application is disapproved and you may not begin your investigation. Our disapproval is based on the deficiencies listed below.
PAGE 2 – Deficiencies listed.
PAGE 3 – Please explain the low effectiveness and safety outcomes achieved in your prior clinical studies and specify what steps you are taking to improve your results. Your refractive and visual outcomes were reported at one month as: MSRE for low myopes, < 57% were within ID and < 35% were within 0.5D; less than 60% achieved BUCVA > 20/40; complication and adverse events occurred in > 2% of the cases.
PAGE 4 – Please provide your agreement (or justification for not agreeing) that retreatments done to improve refractive outcome are NOT considered as treatment failures, whereas retreatments done to achieve resolution of an adverse event ARE considered as treatment failures.
PAGE 5 – Your description of study procedures, examination conditions and techniques is not adequate. Please provide a detailed description of each procedure, test and instrument to be used in the study.
PAGE 6 – For your follow-up visit schedule, the text on page 20 of the protocol appears to be inconsistent with the chart on page 43 of the protocol. In addition, please justify your statement on page 20 that measurement of corneal topography will be at the discretion of the investigator.
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Letter from the FDA to Nevyases dated 07/29/97 to cease using Laser:
PAGE 1 – FDA is aware that a number of physicians are using lasers for refractive surgery to treat patients even though there is no PMA or IDE in effect for their lasers. Based on the results of our investigations, we believe that you are currently using your laser to treat patients.
PAGE 2 – Accordingly, on July 28, 1997, we called you to notify you that use of your excimer laser to treat patients would violate the Act and requested that, if you are presently using the laser to treat patients, you immediately cease doing so.
Nevertheless, FDA does intend to consider any use of your laser to treat patients after the close of business July 28, 1997 unless and until the agency approves an IDE for your device to be grounds for disapproval of your IDE.
PAGE 3 – We also want you to know that if FDA approves your IDE application, you would be able to use your laser to perform only specific procedures on a limited number of subjects to demonstrate the safety and effectiveness of your laser for those procedures. Studies conducted under such an IDE would be subject to all IDE regulations. See 21 C.F.R. Part 812. For example, you would be prohibited from promoting and commercializing the laser, and from representing that the device is safe and effective.
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‘Conditional’ Approval Letter from the FDA to Nevyases dated 08/07/97:
PAGE 1 – Your application is conditionally approved because you have not adequately addressed deficiency #2 cited in our May 8, 1997 disapproval letter.
Also, we are in receipt of your certification (Amendment 4 received August 1, 1997) that you have not used the laser as of the close of business on July 28, 1997, and that you will not use the laser unless and until FDA approves the IDE applic2tion for your device
PAGE 2 – This approval is being granted on the condition that, within 45 days from the date of this letter, you submit information correcting the following deficiencies.
PAGE 3 – Deficiencies listed.
PAGE 4 – Deficiencies listed.
PAGE 5 – We have enclosed the guidance document entitled “Sponsor’s Responsibilities for a Significant Risk Device Investigation” to help you understand the functions and duties of a sponsor.
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Letter from the FDA to Nevyases dated 10/03/97:
PAGE 1 – We acknowledge receipt of your institutional review board (IRB) approval (supplement 3). Supplement 4 responds to our conditional approval letter of August 7, 1997 and requests: an increase crease in treatment range from -6.75 ID to -22 ID; approval to study simultaneous bilateral treatment; and, approval to retreat approximately 125 patients previously treated with this laser prior to IDE approval.
PAGE 2 – Requests for additional subjects for enhancements for prior clinical patients will be evaluated as additional data is submitted to support stability of the procedure.
PAGE 3 – You agree that you will not perform retreatment procedures for subjects initially treated under this IDE. Retreatment (enhancement) for subjects initially treated under this IDE is appropriate only after your preliminary data demonstrate safety and indicate the time point of stability of the procedure. You may begin retreatment procedures only after FDA has approved your retreatment study plan and data to support stability.
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Approval Review Letter from the FDA to Nevyases:
PAGE 1 – The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has reviewed the supplement to your investigational device exemptions (IDE) application. Your application remains conditionally approved because your supplement adequately addressed only deficiency 2 cited in our October 3, 1997 letter.
This approval is being granted on the condition that, within 45 days from the date of this letter, you submit information correcting the following deficiencies.
PAGE 2 – You are reminded that prior to a request for expansion beyond 150 subjects, you should provide adequate responses to deficiencies 5 16 in our letter of October 3, 1997.
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FDA INVESTIGATIONAL STUDY AFFIDAVIT
The following pages are an Investigator Agreement issued by the FDA to a Sponsor/Investigator of an investigational study.Â Nevyas refused to sign…
PAGE 1 – Investigator agreement signed by Anita Nevyas-Wallace
PAGE 2 – Investigator agreement signed by Herbert Nevyas
PAGE 3 – “I informed Mr. Kane, that Mr. Sullivan told me that the excimer laser that he would build, is considered a custom device and would not be regulated by the FDA. Mr. Sullivan completed the assembly of the laser in the fall of 1995, and the first patient was treated (using LASIK) in January 1996.”
PAGE 4 – “I did not maintain any written records of the design specifications, nor did I receive any written design specifications from Mr. Sullivan.”
PAGE 5 – “This patient is not part of the patient population included in my IDE submission. I have treated a total of 252 patients, from January 1996 to the present date (6/30/97),”
PAGE 6 – “I affirm that the information on this and the previous pages, is accurate, to the best of my ability. I have read, but would not sign this affidavit.”
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Nevyases were issued an FDA483:
PAGE 1 – There was no documentation to show that the CI notified the IRB about all amendments, changes of significant deviations to the protocol [per IRB requirements] prior to implementation. For example, the FDA granted your firm an increase in the number of subjects you could treat with your investigational device on Jan. 20, 1999. IRB. Annual Review dated 7/29/00 does not indicate the IRB knew about population increase. The IRB did not approve the population increase until. August 28, 2000, 20 months later.
The firm is not complying with the Investigator Agreement which was signed and dated by the Clinical Investigator at the beginning of the Clinical Study.
There was a lapse of IRB approval for the protocol: NEV-97-001 from 8/3/2000 until 8/29/2000 according to IRB, lapse notices and the IRB annual reapproval letter.
Approval Review Letter from the FDA to Nevyases:
PAGE 1 – In your “Substudy for Same-Day Versus Different Day LASIK Treatment for Fellow Eyes”: a. Please revise your informed consent document rider for same day surgery to state that the second eye will be rescheduled if there is a complication or an adverse event with the first eye.
PAGE 2 – Your statement in the rider to the informed consent document that “…There have been no failures or malfunctions of the Willis Excimer Laser”, should be removed or altered. It may unduly influence potential same day fellow eye surgery candidates into believing that the Nevyas Excimer Laser cannot fail. FDA recommends that you remove this statement or alter it to read: “There have been no failures or malfunctions of the Nevyas Excimer Laser to date.”
PAGE 3 –
Letter from the FDA to Nevyases dated 04/01/98 Re: Pre Market Approval (PMA):
PAGE 1 – Offers suggestions from the FDA should the Nevyases submit their PMA.
PAGE 2 –
Approval Letter from the FDA to Nevyases dated 05/14/98 Re: Contrast Sensitivity & Increased ‘Subjects’:
PAGE 1 – ‘Conditional’ approval for substudy and increase of ‘subjects’.
PAGE 2 – We acknowledge your request in your original IDE (dated March 18, 1997) to conduct a study at one site with 400 eyes low myopia and 590 eyes high myopia for each of two investigators (single site total of 1980 eyes or 990 subjects). We believe that adequate safety information has been provided to allow the initiation of your study with a small expansion of an additional 75 subjects (150 eyes). We will allow you to expand to the full number of subjects for this study (990) after you have received approval of supplements addressing the following deficiency from our letter of October 3, 1997 (enclosed). No additional expansions of your IDE will be granted until supplements containing the following information are approved:
PAGE 3 – You should also give serious consideration to the following items which are considered essential for the analysis of your data for the purposes of determining safety and effectiveness for a future PMA application: Deficiencies 5 through 16, excluding deficiency 14, in our letter of October 3, 1997.
“Conditional” Approval Letter from the FDA to Nevyases:
PAGE 1 – FDA cannot approve your request as proposed because you have not shown stability of manifest refraction, and you have not presented sufficient detail for your hyperopic retreatment. FDA will conditionally approve, however, an expansion to include myopia and myopic astigmatism retreatments at this time.
PAGE 2 – This approval is being granted on the condition chat, within 45 days from the date of this letter, you submit your agreement to: 1. conduct the investigation within the modified limit, i.e., retreatment for myopia or myopic astigmatism only; 2. extend the minimum time between the initial operation and the retreatment to 3 months; and, 3. retreat only eyes which are “white and quiet” and in which refractive stability has been documented with two manifest refractions taken at least 30 days apart at less than 1 diopter ofâ€”change, confirmed by topography.,
PAGE 3 –
Approval Letter from the FDA to Nevyases:
PAGE 1 –
PAGE 2 –
Nevyases’ Co-Investigators Â (dated 10/01/98)
I started some time ago to contact the doctors on this LIST the Nevyases sent to the FDA, as being co-investigators. Three of those contacted who responded have never even heard of the Nevyases.
Approval Letter from the FDA to Nevyases:
PAGE 1 –
PAGE 2 –
Deviations of Nevyas Eye Associates, As Stated In Letter from the FDA dated 01/07/99:
PAGE 1 – Our review of the inspection report submitted by the district revealed deviations from Title 21, Code of Federal Regulations, (21 CFR), Part 812 – Investigstional Device Exemptions and Part 50 – Protection of Human Subjects and Section 520(g) of the Act. The deviations noted during the inspection were listed on form FDA-483, “Inspectional Observations,” which was presented to and discussed with you at the conclusion of the inspection.
PAGE 2 – Use of the Summit laser at your Marlton, New Jersey site for off-label procedures is not included in your IDE protocol. Moreover, enhancements approved under your IDE do not include hyperopic procedures. It is therefore considered a protocol violation to retreat subjects of your IDE study using the Summit laser and performing hyperopic LASIK.
PAGE 3 – While your Marlton, New Jersey site has a Summit laser, the advertisement does not specify a location. Future advertisements should specify the location(s) of approved lasers, as the enclosed advertisement would not be appropriate for soliciting subjects for your IDE study. All promotional materials designed to solicit participants or to inform subjects about the IDE study need to be approved by the reviewing IRB.
Approval Letter from the FDA to Nevyases dated 01/20/99:
PAGE 1 – Please be aware of the following: In Table 1-1, the data appear to be quite scattered, with some subjects actually increasing in sensitivity during glare (e.g., see BC & CB at 3 cycles per degree (CPD)), while others are severely compromised (see ZM). In order to reduce variability in the data in the contrast sensitivity study, the person administering the test should have experience in this test and the subjects should be well trained prior to testing.
PAGE 2 – We continue to be concerned that your ablation is likely to have multifocal properties, which means some light will be out of focus even at the best focal plane.
Request Letter from the FDA to Nevyases:
PAGE 1 – 1. Please separate IDE subjects from pre-IDE subjects in all of your tables, or report only on IDE subjects.
PAGE 2 –
Letter from the FDA to Nevyases Re: Non-Response To Request:
PAGE 1 – The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted approval of your investigational device exemptions (IDE) application on August 7, 1997. As part of your responsibilities as sponsor of a significant risk device investigation, you are required to submit a progress report to FDA and to all reviewing institutional review boards (IRBs) on at least a yearly basis. We have not received a response to FDA’s November 10, 1999 request for additional information regarding your August 1998 â€” August 1999 annual progress report (enclosed).
PAGE 2 –
Request Letter from the FDA to Nevyases:
PAGE 1 – Please address the following questions/concerns, as well as provide the information requested in the tables enclosed with this letter.
PAGE 2 – 8. With regard to your future PMA submission, you have indicated that only subjects treated with the “new centration technique” will be included in the PMA, and that you have selected the eyes treated between 2/19/98 and 11/22/99 as the cohort to support the safety and effectiveness of the device. We would like to clarify that data from all subjects treated. under the IDE should be included in the PMA. The main PMA cohort on which the decision of the safety and effectiveness of the device will mainly rest may be limited to all eyes treated with the new centration technique, but not to only those enrolled during a given period of time, as you appear to have suggested.
PAGE 3 –
Disapproval Letter from the FDA to Nevyases:
PAGE 1 – The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has reviewed the supplement to your investigational device exemptions (IDE) application proposing two new clinical protocols to evaluate the spherical ablation algorithm. We regret to inform you that your supplement is disapproved and you may not implement the change in your investigation. Our disapproval is based on the following deficiencies which, unless otherwise specified, relate to both protocols:
PAGE 2 – 3. You have not provided in your protocol the methodology for performing any of the clinical evaluations. For each clinical evaluation, please specify the testing procedures and instruments that will be used, including the lighting conditions and charts you will use to measure distance vision and near vision, etc.
PAGE 3 – 7. Your protocol states that subjects must have a best spectacle corrected visual acuity (BSCVA) of at least 20/40 in each eye in order to be enrolled in the study. Please be advised that while we find this criteria acceptable for subjects with high myopia (>7 D MRSE), in order for subjects with low myopia (< 7 D MRSE) to be enrolled, we recommend a BSCVA of at least 20/25 in each eye. Please revise your protocol accordingly, or justify not doing so.
PAGE 4 – 21. The Conclusion section of the consent form stares, “There is always a possibility of one or more late complications That were not known or anticipated at the time of this writing (1997).” It also states, “LASIK is investigational surgery and as such, it has not yet been completely and exhaustively studied by the FDA and medical researchers in this country.” Please update the consent form as necessary in keeping with current knowledge including the additions previously mentioned. Please revise the second statement to Improve its accuracy: LASIK is no longer investigational, it has never (page 5) been studied by the FDA, and the FDA does not regulate LASIK, only the devices used for the procedure.
PAGE 5 – 28. There are discrepancies in the way you refer to the protocols throughout the submission. For example, in the Introduction you refer to the new protocols as NEV-97-002 (Myopia/Myopic Astigmatism) and NEV-97-003 (Hyperopia/Hyperopic Astigmatism). However, the myopia protocol itself has been labeled with the protocol number NEV-01-002. To avoid confusion, please make all necessary revisions in any future submission to correct such discrepancies.
PAGE 6 – With respect to the profiles of your ablated PMMA samples:
PAGE 7 – The deficiencies identified above represent the issues that we believe need to be resolved before your IDE application can be approved. In developing the deficiencies, we carefully considered the relevant statutory criteria for Agency decision-making as well as the burden that may be incurred in your attempt to respond to the deficiencies.
PAGE 8 – 34. Please be advised that for possible future pre-market approval, although 300 eyes total are needed to support overall safety, data from approximately 125 eyes are needed to support each indication for which approval is being sought.
Supplement Disapproval Letter from the FDA to Nevyases:
PAGE 1 – We regret to inform you that your supplement is disapproved and you may not implement the change in your investigation. Our disapproval is based on the following deficiencies: 1. An important function of the software in the device is to control the beam delivery hardware (iris size, slot movement, synchronizing iris/slot with laser pulses, etc.) in the creation of an ablation pattern. This area, however, is not discussed at all in the Software Requirement Specifications document.
PAGE 2 – The deficiencies identified above represent the issues that we believe need to be resolved before your IDE application can be approved.
PAGE 3 –
Nevyases Deviations and discrepancies continue almost 5 years into their study – Letter from the FDA to Nevyases:
PAGE 1 – Please address the following, questions and concerns with regard to this submission, which also applied to the previous, delinquent, annual report as outlined in FDA’s letter of April 10, 2001, and for which we never received a response:
PAGE 2 – 5. Please provide tables (similar to those requested for initial treatments) and narrative summarizing the results of the IDE substudy of enhancements for 25 subjects/50 eyes that had undergone treatment prior to implementation of the IDE, and of the data from enhancements performed for eyes enrolled under the IDE. Please provide separate analyses for the first enhancement, second enhancement, etc.
PAGE 3 – 1. Please note that, based on the stability analyses you have provided in this submission, we do not agree that the time point of stability is at 12 months postoperatively as you have indicated, and, in fact, may be earlier for some of the indications.
PAGE 4 –
IDE Deficiencies Request Letter from the FDA to Nevyases:
PAGE 1 – 1. You must still provide responses to deficiencies 1, 2, 3, and 5 froth our letter of February 6, 2002. 2. You did not provide the requested information in your response to deficiency 4.
PAGE 2 – 4. In response to deficiency 8, you have indicated how you will verify your current accountability for visits that have already past. After your internal audit is complete and you have more insight as to the reasons for any problems with accountability, please directly address the original issue outlined in previous deficiency 8: please describe how you intend to improve subject follow-up and data reporting during the rest of the course of your IDE study.
PAGE 3 – Attachment: In a reply to Dr. Morris Waxler, FDA’s Chief Medical Device Examiner, Dr. Herbert Nevyas states “Since the close of business on July 28, 1997, neither I nor anyone else has used the laser. I certify that, unless and until FDA approves the IDE application for that device, neither I nor anyone else will use the laser to treat patients. I have notified all of my employees, as well as anyone with access to the laser, that the laser may not and will not be used until there is an approved IDE in effect for that laser. I declare that to the best of my knowledge the foregoing is true and correct.”
Again and again and again, but the doctors claimed numerous times under oath theyâ€™ve never done anything to violate any FDA rules, regulations, or protocols:
Nevyas Eye Associates 6/5/12
Department of Health and Human Services Public Health Service Food and Drug Administration Center for Tobacco Products 10903 New Hampshire Avenue Silver Spring, MD 20993
June 5, 2012
VIA UNITED PARCEL SERVICE
Herbert J. Nevyas, M.D. Medical Director Nevyas Eye Associates Two Bala Plaza PL-33 333 E. City Avenue Bala Cynwyd, Pennsylvania 19004-1501
Dear Dr. Nevyas:
During an inspection of your firm located in Bala Cynwyd, Pennsylvania, on March 19-28, 2012, an investigator from the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) determined that your firm is a medical device user facility that is subject to the statutory reporting requirements of the Medical Device Reporting (MDR) regulation, found at Title 21, Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), Part 803.
The ophthalmic laser used at your facility to perform Laser-Assisted In Situ Keratomileusis procedures is a medical device under Section 201(h) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (the Act), 21 U.S.C. Â§ 321(h), because it is intended for the use in the diagnosis of disease or other conditions or in the cure, mitigation, treatment or prevention of disease, or to affect the structure or function of the body.
Our inspection revealed that this device is misbranded under section 502(t)(2) of the Act, 21 U.S.D. Â§ 352(t)(2), in that your firm failed or refused to furnish material or information respecting the device that is required by or under section 519 of the Act, 21 U.S.C. Â§ 360i, and 21 CFR Part 803 â€“ Medical Device Reporting. Significant violations include, but are not limited to, the following:
Failure to develop, maintain, and implement written MDR procedures, as required by 21 CFR 803.17. For example, the investigator asked the medical director and refractory consultants if the facility had written MDR procedures and they confirmed that they did not and did not know what events would be considered serious injuries and reportable to manufacturers. The investigator reviewed some of the adverse events identified in the assignment guidance with them and they confirmed that these types of events have occurred at their facility. They explained that they inform their patients through the consenting process that they may have vision-threatening complications following the surgery.
We reviewed your firmâ€™s response dated April 2, 2012, and concluded that it is not adequate because it did not include a copy of your firmâ€™s MDR procedures. Your firm should take prompt action to correct the violations addressed in this letter. Failure to promptly correct these violations may result in regulatory action being initiated by the FDA without further notice. These actions include, but are not limited to, seizure, injunction, and civil money penalties. Also, federal agencies may be advised of the issuance of Warning Letters about devices so that they may take this information into account when considering the award of contracts.
Please notify this office in writing within fifteen business days from the date you receive this letter of the specific steps your firm has taken to correct the noted violations, as well as an explanation of how your firm plans to prevent these violations, or similar violations, from occurring again. Include documentation of the corrections and/or corrective actions (including any systemic corrective actions) that your firm has taken. If your firmâ€™s planned corrections and/or corrective actions will occur over time, please include a timetable for implementation of those activities. If corrections and/or corrective actions cannot be completed within fifteen business days, state the reason for the delay and the time within which these activities will be completed. Your firmâ€™s response should be comprehensive and address all violations included in this Warning Letter.
Your firmâ€™s response should be sent to: Food and Drug Administration, Center for Devices and Radiological Health, Office of Surveillance and Biometrics, MDR Policy Branch, White Oak Building 66, 10903 New Hampshire Avenue, Room 3208, Silver Spring, Maryland 20993. Refer to the Unique Identification Number #306398 when replying. If you have any questions about the contents of this letter or wish to discuss MDR reportability criteria or schedule further communications, please contact: MDR Policy Branch at (301) 796-6670 or by email at MDRPolicy@fda.hhs.gov.
Finally, you should know that this letter is not intended to be an all-inclusive list of the violations at your firm. It is your firmâ€™s responsibility to ensure compliance with applicable laws and regulations administered by FDA. The specific violations noted in this letter and in the Inspectional Observations, Form FDA 483, issued at the close of the inspection, may be symptomatic of serious problems in your firm. Your firm should investigate and determine the causes of the violations and take prompt actions to correct the violations and bring the device into compliance. Sincerely yours, /S/ Steven D. Silverman Director Office of Compliance Center for Devices and Radiological Health
The following documents were submitted to the FDA from 1997 through 2001 regarding the “Nevyas Investigational (Black Box) Laser”
The laser was built by Ed Sullivan who, according to the excerpt below, was already under scrutiny by the FDA.
“Ed Sullivan, doing business as ExSull, Drexel Hill, Pa, has been put on notice by the FDA that the agency regards him “clearly as a manufacturer with multiple manufacturing sites” subject to FDA rules and regulations and, if he makes another one of these excimer lasers “which are unapproved devices,” he will be in violation of the federal Food, Drug and Cosmetics Act and subject to legal penalties, according to top-ranking FDA officials within the national Division of Enforcement.” [as written in The Journal of Refractive Surgery – Volume 11 (5) * September/October 1995 * News and was found at the url address: http://www.slackinc.com/eye/jrs/vol115/news1.htm”>http://www.slackinc.com/eye/jrs/vol115/news1.htm (no longer available).
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NOTES: Page numbers with an “l” designate the page as landscape. All BLUE font on this page designate links. Some PDF documents may require a decrease in magnification for better clarity.
PDF Documents (for high speed or download)
To view ALL DOCUMENTS listed below in one PDF (two parts), click HERE.
PAGE 1 – Prohibition of promotion and other practices. – 21 CFR. Â§ 812.7
PAGE 2 – Protocol NEV-97-001: Myopia with or without astigmatism – Study Procedures.
PAGE 3 – Protocol NEV-97-001: Inclusion/Exclusion Criteria.
PAGE 4 – IDE Supplement – Question/Response.
PAGE 5 – Protocol NEV-97-001: Ethical and regulatory considerations.
PAGE 6 – Protocol NEV-97-001: Complications, Adverse Events, & Serious/Unanticipated Adverse Device Effects.
PAGE 7 – Protocol NEV-97-001: Inclusion/Exclusion Criteria Revision.
PAGE 8 – Protocol NEV-97-001: Screening for Refractive Surgery Eligibility.
PAGE 1 – PAGE 2 – PAGE 3 – FULL – Protocol NEV-97-001: Study Changes, Progress towards PMA Approval, Safety & Efficacy for Study Eyes (Notice the 100% for cumulative UCVA of 20/40 or better, the 0 counts for the BSCVA worse than 20/40 or better, or for the BSCVA worse than 20/25, 6 months after my surgery).
PAGE 1 – PAGE 2 – FULL – The FDA states “We continue to be concerned that your ablation is likely to have multifocal properties, which means that some light will be out of focus even at tine best focal plane“.
PAGE 1 – PAGE 2 – PAGE 3 – FULL – Safety & Efficacy for Study Eyes, Page 1 (Notice the 100% for cumulative UCVA of 20/40 or better, the 0 counts for the BSCVA worse than 20/40 or better, or for the BSCVA worse than 20/25, 1 1/2 years after my surgery). The charts on pages 2 and 3 also do not show adverse events or complications.
PAGE 1 – The FDA states “There was no documentation to show that the CI notified the IRB about all amendments, changes or significant deviations to the protocol [per IRB requirements] prior to implementation”;Â “The firm is not complying with the Investigator Agreement which was signed and dated by the Clinical Investigator at the beginning of the Clinical Study”; and “There was a lapse of IRB approval for the protocol: NEV-97-001 from 8/3/2000 until 8/29/2000 according to IRB, lapse notices and the IRB annual reapproval letter”.
Nevyas’ Promotion of An Investigational Device
Guidelines, regulations, and laws were in effect prior to the Nevyases’; investigational study.
Click PAGE # to open page in new window
NOTES: Page numbers with an “l” designate the page as landscape. All BLUE font on this page designate links.
From the Federal Trade Commission:
PAGE1 – PAGE2 – FULL – The FTC enforces the Federal Trade Commission Act (FTC Act), which among other things prohibits deceptive or unfair practices in or affecting commerce. 15 U.S.C. Â§Â§ 45, 52-57. An advertisement is deceptive under Section 5 of the FTC Act, and therefore unlawful, if it contains a representation or omission of fact that is likely to mislead consumers acting reasonably under the circumstances, and that representation or omission is material, that is, likely to affect a consumer’s choice or use of a product or service. It is important to note that advertisers are responsible for claims that are reasonably implied from their advertisements, as well as claims that are expressly stated.
In addition, under the FTC Act, advertisers must have substantiation for all objective claims about a product or service before the claims are disseminated In the context of claims about the safety, efficacy, success or other benefits of RK or PRK, substantiation will usually require competent and reliable scientific evidence’ sufficient to support the claim that is made.
From the Food and Drug Administration (FDA):
PAGE1 – PAGE2 – FULL – As you know, the FDA approved applications for premarket approval (PMAs) from Summit Technology, Inc. and from VISX Inc_ for their excimer lasers for the correction of mild to moderate myopia in patients with minimal astigmatism Based on the submitted data, these models were approved for refractive correction only by photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) of the corneal surface. Data were not submitted to support the use of these lasers for laser assisted in-situ keratomileusis (LASIK), laser scrape, astigmatism, hyperopia, or multipass or multizone software algorithms. Currently, these are the only lasers approved by FDA for refractive correction and the only refractive indications for which they are approved. The dioptric ranges indicated in the PMA are based on data submitted by these companies in their applications. Data on higher myopia and astigmatism were not submitted, and therefore the approvals did not provide for their treatment. All other lasers being used for refractive surgery, however manufactured or obtained, should be regarded as investigational devices and patients should have the usual human subject protection of institutional review board (IRB) protection, informed consent and an IDE approval by FDA.
21 C.F.R. Â§Â§ 812.7 Prohibits promotion of an investigational device!
21 C.F.R. Â§Â§ 812.7
CODE OF FEDERAL REGULATIONS
TITLE 21–FOOD AND DRUGS
CHAPTER I–FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN
SUBCHAPTER H–MEDICAL DEVICES
PART 812–INVESTIGATIONAL DEVICE EXEMPTIONS
SUBPART A–GENERAL PROVISIONS
- Â§ 812.7 Prohibition of promotion and other practices. A sponsor, investigator, or any person acting for or on behalf of a sponsor or investigator shall not:
(a) Promote or test market an investigational device, until after FDA has approved the device for commercial distribution.
(b) Commercialize an investigational device by charging the subjects or investigators for a device a price larger than that necessary to recover costs of manufacture, research, development, and handling.
(c) Unduly prolong an investigation. If data developed by the investigation indicate in the case of a class III device that premarket approval cannot be justified or in the case of a class II device that it will not comply with an applicable performance standard or an amendment to that standard, the sponsor shall promptly terminate the investigation.
(d) Represent that an investigational device is safe or effective for the purposes for which it is being investigated.
However, the Nevyases DID promote:
And in an infomercial on MDTV:
Click PAGE # to open page in new window
NOTES: Page numbers with an “l” designate the page as landscape. All BLUE font on this page designate links.
FDA Issued Inspection Report of Nevyas Eye Associates facility dated 11/02/1998:
PAGE 1 – There was no documentation to show that the Cl notified the IRB about all amendments, changes or significant deviations to the protocol [per IRB requirements].
PAGE 2 – Previous inspection on 6/30/97 of this facility revealed the firm continued to use the laser to perform eye surgery without an approved IDE, planned to use the laser or new treatment procedures not included in the firms disaproved IDE and verified that the firm had received a disapproval letter from CDRH/ODE notifying them that use of the laser to treat patients was a violation of the law.
PAGE 5 – The current inspection revealed Clinical Investigator currently performs Myopic procedures under an approved IDE however, procedures are being performed on IDE patients prior to approval date, the date is missing on a consent form, consent forms were signed by patients after surgery date and procedures were performed on IDE patients which are outside the IDE with an unidentified laser at an unauthorized location.
PAGE 6 – Persons interviewed, individual resposibilities, & operations.
PAGE 7 – [Redacted] initial IDE submission was disapproved May 8, 1998. He was granted conditional approval on August 7, 1998. As [Redacted] addressed various issues presented in letters from FDA CDRH/ODE he was granted more uses of the IDE.
PAGE 8 – [Redacted] built the [Redacted] for [Redacted] however, [Redacted] owns it. He was responsible for submitting the information for the IDE, in conjunction with and eventually Pre-Market Approval for the device. He is therefore a Sponsor/Clinical Investigator.
PAGE 9 – These procedures were performed well before approval was granted. [Redacted] stated he had been doing this procedure previously and no one had told him the procedure couldn’t be performed as of 8/28/97.
PAGE 10 – Consent form for [Redacted] was not signed. There was no way of determining whether consent was obtained before or after surgery to the right eye on 12/4/97, due to lack of a date next to patients’ signature.
PAGE 11 – [Redacted] had [Redacted] enhancements performed which is a condition not indicated in the [Redacted]. Additionally, the procedures were performed with a laser that is not indicated in the study and the surgery was performed at a location that is not identified in the protocol.
PAGE 12 – There was no evidence of a patient information and consent form in the file for this hyperopic enhancement.
PAGE 13 – There was no documentation to show that the CI notified the IRB about all amendments, changes or significant deviations to the protocol [per IRB requirements].
PAGE 14 – According to a letter dated August 27, 1997, EXHIBIT #8 from the IRB, [Redacted] is required, in addition to other items, to report to the IRB any new advertisements, recruiting material, serious adverse events, amendments or changes to the protocol or significant protocol deviations. Observation # 6 represents a significant protocol deviation and should have been reported to the IRB for approval prior to implementation.
View ALL PAGES pdf document
FDA Issued Inspection Report of the Nevyas’ facility dated 05/10/2001:
PAGE 1 – The firm is not complying with the Investigator Agreement which was signed and dated by the Clinical Investigator at the beginning of the Clinical Study.
PAGE 2 – An inspection conducted on 12/2/96 revealed the firm had assembled a single excimer laser and was using it to perform [Redacted] eye surgery on at least 120 patients without an approved IDE.
PAGE 3 – Persons interviewed, individual resposibilities, & operations.
PAGE 4 – According to a letter from the FDA to [Redacted] dated 1/20/99 EXHIBIT #1, the investigation is still limited to one location, listed in bold above however, the population has grown to 1015 subjects (2030 eyes):
PAGE 5 – For example, the FDA granted your firm an increase in the number of subjects you could treat with your investigational device on Jan. 20, 1999. IRB Annual Review dated 7/29/00 does not indicate the IRB knew about population increase. The IRB did not approve the population increase until August 28, 2000, 20 months later.
PAGE 6 – EXHIBIT #6 is an Investor Agreement which was signed by [Redacted] Sponsor/Clinical Investigator and [Redacted] Co-Investigator. The agreement indicates, among other things, the clinical investigators agree to promptly report to the IRB all changes in the research activity. The clinical investigators failed to report the increase in the number of study patients, granted by the FDA, to the IRB in a prompt manner.
PAGE 7 – I explained to [Redacted] that he did not have IRB coverage from 8/3/2000 until 8/29/2000. [Redacted] stated his consultant, [Redacted] was ill for several months and she normally took care of report submittals and updates which is why the firm was tardy with reporting updates.
PAGE 8 – [Redacted] stated it may appear that patients signed the consent forms one day after surgery however, this is certainly not the case and is not the way things are normally done. He indicated this was a mistake made by someone on his staff.
PAGE 9 – There was no documentation to show that the CI notified the IRB about all amendments, changes or significant deviations to the protocol [per IRB requirements]. This observation was carried forth to the current listing of objectionable conditions or practices. See FDA-483 observation #1 listed above on page #4 of this report.
PAGE 10 – All changes made to the protocol were documented by the investigator, dated, maintained with the protocol, however all changes were not approved by the IRB (see FDA-483 observation #1 listed on page 4 of this report).
PAGE 11 – According to records reviewed, the investigator did submit and obtain IRB approval of the protocol, modifications to the protocol (except as noted in FDA-483 OBSERVATION #1),
PAGE 12 – Lists exhibits included with inspection report.
Â “All adverse experiences have been reported to the sponsor-investigator, FDA, and IRB in accordance with 21 CFR Part 812“, and “The occurence of all events and complications as defined in Protocol NEV-97-001 have previously been reported to FDA. No serious adverse events related to the Nevyas Excimer Laser have occurred in the study”.
According to deposition by Anita Wallace, my visual problems post-lasik was not considered a complication or adverse event (I disagree!), even though she claimed the data regarding my situation was reported to the FDA. The charts submitted to the FDA listing adverse events and complications do NOT show data relevant to the number of medical malpractice claims filed against them during their study.
View ALL PAGES in pdf document
The 2nd inspection resulted in an FDA483 issued byÂ the FDA.
Although the records requested via the FDA’s Freedom Of Information Act were redacted (edited), the FDA stated:
Â “There is too much information the general public should not be aware of, not only in the Nevyas’ study, but in all studies”. – Les Weinstein, CDRH Ombudsman
This second set was obtained from the FDA’s Philadelphia Office, and included not only the Nevyas’ facility of 05/2001, but that of Ed Sullivan (Exsull), builder of their laser (see above). The inspection was 2 years after the article written in the Journal of Refractive Surgery (Fall Issue – 1995):
Inspection Report of the Nevyas’ facility dated 05/2001 (less edited):
Dr. Herbert Nevyas sent the following letter to New Jersey’s Motor Vehicle Commission on July 31 2007, OVER 7 YEARS SINCE MY LAST APPOINTMENT WITH THE NEVYASES! I believe that this should have been done at most within either the first 2 years since my surgery, maybe even 2 years after, not 7!
To Whom It May Concern:
I have serious concerns about the driving skills of Mr. Dominic Morgan (DOB 8/8/1960) of [redacted] (alternate older address [redacted]).
It is my understanding that Mr. Morgan maintains a valid New Jersey driver’s license, even though he is no longer licensed in Pennsylvania. I examined Mr. Morgan from an ophthalmologic standpoint several years ago, and he reported vision as low as 20/200 in each eye when I last saw him. I know that he has been judged legally blind after an examination by Dr. John D Dugan, Jr. in Vorhees, NJ, and that he is presently receiving Social Security Disability payments because of his legal blindness.
I think that Mr. Morgan should be re-evaluated by your impartial examiner and his license revoked if he does not measure up to the appropriate visual standard. I would not want to be responsible for allowing a legally blind driver to be on the highway.
Herbert J. Nevyas, M.D,
The pdf of this document (redacted) is available here.
(The dates are links to the referenced documents provided)
In April, 2000 Morgan filed a medical malpractice lawsuit against Herbert Nevyas andÂ his daughter Anita Nevyas-Wallace, two Philadelphia area LASIK doctors and their practice, Nevyas Eye Associates.
In 2002, he put up a website, LASIKsucks4u.com, to warn others of the risks of LASIK surgery. Morgan found out he was not alone. At the time he started his website, there had been multiple cases of medical malpractice (including his) filed against these doctors and their business, as listed in the Philadelphia Civil Docket Access System.
In response to posting this website and, after the medical malpractice lawsuit, including theÂ Nevyases names, Morgan was sued. Through threats of lawsuit, intimidation, and (he believed) violation of his First Amendment rights, his website was shut down three times previously, the 2nd time after a temporary restraining order was sought, and denied (by the courts). Because of the way Morgan’s medical malpractice lawsuit was handled through the courts, he believed it necessary to document this case in its entirety.
Below is a chronology of Morgan’s litigation with Drs. Herbert Nevyas, Anita Nevyas-Wallace, and Nevyas Eye Associates (Nevyases), Bala Cynwyd, PA (They could not be named previously due to litigation).Â All of the documents are filed with the courts, and are public record:
Dates are separated to reduce page load times due to volume. Click date to view date filings in new window:
Morgan updated his website to include information obtained about Drs. Herbert Nevyas and Anita Nevyas-Wallace, and Nevyas Eye Associates.
After receiving a cease and desist (PAGE 1, PAGE 2) letter from Nevyases attorney, Morgan put his website back to its original state and responded with a letter of intent. In the course of a week, his website was shut down after YAHOO also received a letter. After hosting with a new company and determining the legal extent of their threat and making changes to the site, Morgan posted new information with documents to support.
On November 7th, the Nevyases filed a lawsuit against Morgan for defamation (PART_1, PART_2, PART_3), also claiming he broke an agreement with them. They were asked numerous times by Morgan’s (then) attorney and also filed with the courts, to state what they felt were legally objectionable with his website. They refused, and filed an emergency petition for a Temporary Restraining Order (TRO), which was denied. On November 26th, Nevyases filed a motion for reconsideration (TRO), which was also denied.
In December, Morgan filed an answer to a complaint, with New Matter and a Counterclaim.
After the Nevyases were denied reconsideration for TRO, they withdrew the lawsuit against Morgan in Philadelphia Court, and filed in Federal CourtÂ (Nevyas v. Morgan, Case 2:04-cv-00421-JCJ, Document 16 (E.D. Pa., March 12, 2004))Â . This time Nevyases tried for subject matter jurisdiction by claiming the content on Morgan’s site violated the Lanham Act, and also joined his attorney for letters written to the FDA on Morgan’s behalf which Morgan posted on his site.Â Morgan published those letters believing they supported all of the other documents on his site, and the documents on the site supported those letters. The Nevyases also attempted another restraining order, which they never got. This action was dismissed for failure to state a federal claim.
The Nevyases again brought suit against Morgan in Philadelphia court using the sameÂ method as federal court, by joining his attorney as a defendant. The court filings listed below are by the Nevyases, and Morgan’s responses:
The case went to trial on July 26, 2005 on the claim for specific performance, and the court ruled in the Nevyas’ favor. It found that both parties entered into an agreement whereby in exchange for the Nevyases not filing a lawsuit against Morgan, that Morgan would remove all defamatory statements about the Nevyases from the site and refrain from defaming them in the future. But the trial court’s order went a bit further — it forbid Morgan from mentioning the Nevyases at all, on lasiksucks4u.com which was the only site mentioned up to trial, or any other website.
Morgan believed that Judge Eugene Maier erred in his ruling, and sought the help ofÂ Public Citizen for appeal. The ACLU also helped obtain local counsel for Morgan (Appellant Brief – Superior Court). After Morgan appealed Judge Maier’s ruling with the help of Public Citizen, parts of the case were still beforeÂ Judge Maier. As shown on the case docket (partial listing of docket below), everything filed on Morgan’s behalf since filing his appeal was DENIED by Judge Maier!
|11-MAY-200703:27 PM||ORDER VACATED BY APPELLATE CT||11-MAY-200712:00 AM|
|DOCKET ENTRY:||ORDER OF THE SUPERIOR COURT AT 3084 EDA 2005 THAT THE ORDER
OF THE COURT OF COMMON PLEAS IS VACATED AND CASE IS REMANDED FOR
PROCEEDINGS. JURISDICTION RELINQUISHEDâ€¦â€¦3/9/07 RECORD RETURNED.
|21-MAY-200702:27 PM||MISCELLANEOUS MOTION||FRIEDMAN, STEVEN A||23-MAY-200712:00 AM|
|DOCKET ENTRY:||76-07051276 RESPONSE DATE 6-11-07. MOTION TO RECUSE|
|05-JUN-200709:58 AM||ANSWER (MOTION/PETITION) FILED||07-JUN-200712:00 AM|
|DOCKET ENTRY:||76-07051276 ANSWER OF PLAINTIFFâ€™S HERBERT J. NEVYAS, M.D.,
ANITA NEVYAS-WALLACE, M.D. & NEVYAS EYE ASSOCIATES, P.C. TO MOTION TO RECUSE.
|15-JUN-200711:01 AM||MOTION ASSIGNED||15-JUN-200711:01 AM|
|DOCKET ENTRY:||76-07051276 MOTION TO RECUSE ASSIGNED TO JUDGE MAIER ON
|11-JUL-200710:20 AM||ORDER ENTERED/236 NOTICE GIVEN||MAIER, EUGENE E||11-JUL-200710:21 AM|
|DOCKET ENTRY:||76-07051276 IT IS ORDERED THAT DEFT, STEVEN FRIEDMANâ€™S
MOTION TO RECUSE IS DENIED. BY THE COURT â€¦MAIER,J 7/2/07
|12-JUL-200712:19 PM||MISCELLANEOUS MOTION||MORGAN, DOMINIC||13-JUL-200712:00 AM|
|DOCKET ENTRY:||02-07070902 RESPONSE DATE 8-1-07 (PRO SE DEFENDANT DOMINIC
J. MORGANâ€™S MOTION TO RECUSE JUDGE EUGENE MAIER FILED).
|18-JUL-200702:02 PM||ANSWER (MOTION/PETITION) FILED||SILVERMAN, LEON W||18-JUL-200712:00 AM|
|DOCKET ENTRY:||02-07070902 ANSWER OF PLAINTIFFSâ€™ HERBERT J. NEVYAS, M.D.,
ANITA NEVYAS-WALLACE, M.D. AND NEVYAS EVE ASSOCIATES, P.C. TO MOTION TO
|23-JUL-200711:37 AM||MOTION FOR SUMMARY JUDGMENT||MORGAN, DOMINIC||24-JUL-200712:00 AM|
|DOCKET ENTRY:||97-07071697 RESPONSE DATE 8/22/07|
|30-JUL-200710:31 AM||MOT-PROCEED IN FORMA PAUPERIS||MORGAN, DOMINIC||02-AUG-200712:00 AM|
|DOCKET ENTRY:||45-07072345 RESPONSE DATE 8-20-2007:|
|30-JUL-200705:08 PM||MISCELLANEOUS MOTION||MORGAN, DOMINIC||13-AUG-200712:00 AM|
|DOCKET ENTRY:||45-07072345 CROSS MOTION FOR DECLARATORY JUDGMENT FILED.
RESPONSE DATE: 08/20/07.
|03-AUG-200710:18 AM||MOTION ASSIGNED||03-AUG-200710:18 AM|
|DOCKET ENTRY:||02-07070902 MOTION TO RECUSE ASSIGNED TO JUDGE MAIER ON
|06-AUG-200702:13 PM||MOTION-JUDGMENT ON PLEADINGS||MORGAN, DOMINIC||20-AUG-200712:00 AM|
|DOCKET ENTRY:||54-07080054 RESPONSE DATE 8-27-07.|
|10-AUG-200703:10 PM||ANSWER (MOTION/PETITION) FILED||13-AUG-200712:00 AM|
|DOCKET ENTRY:||97-07071697 ANSWER OF PLAINTIFFSâ€™ HERBERT J. NEVYAS, M.D.,
ANITA NEVYAS-WALLACE, M.D. AND NEVYAS EYE ASSOCIATES, P.C. TO MOTION FOR
|13-AUG-200705:06 PM||CORRECTIVE ENTRY||13-AUG-200712:00 AM|
|DOCKET ENTRY:||45-07072345 PLEASE NOTE THE MOTION DOCKETED ON 07/30/07
SHOULD READ AS A MOTION FOR DECLARATORY JUDGMENT FILED NOT AS A MOTION FOR
INFORMA PAUPERIS. MXG@CIVIL.
|14-AUG-200703:10 PM||MOTION FOR SUMMARY JUDGMENT||MORGAN, DOMINIC||15-AUG-200712:00 AM|
|DOCKET ENTRY:||35-07080835 RESPONSE DATE 9/13/07|
|17-AUG-200710:33 AM||ANSWER (MOTION/PETITION) FILED||21-AUG-200712:00 AM|
|DOCKET ENTRY:||54-07080054 ANSWER OF PLAINTIFFSâ€™ HERBERT J. NEVYAS, M.D.,
ANITA NEVYAS-WALLACE, M.D. AND NEVYAS EYE ASSOCIATES, P.C. TO MOTION FOR
JUDGMENT ON THE PLEADINGS.
|22-AUG-200710:59 AM||REPLY FILED||MORGAN, DOMINIC||23-AUG-200712:00 AM|
|DOCKET ENTRY:||45-07072345 REPLY FILED TO MOTION FOR DECLARATORY JUDGMENT.|
|22-AUG-200711:01 AM||REPLY FILED||MORGAN, DOMINIC||23-AUG-200712:00 AM|
|DOCKET ENTRY:||97-07071697 REPLY FILED TO MOTION FOR S.J.|
|22-AUG-200711:02 AM||REPLY FILED||MORGAN, DOMINIC||23-AUG-200712:00 AM|
|DOCKET ENTRY:||54-07080054 REPLY FILED TO MOTION JOUDGMENT ON THE
|23-AUG-200702:29 PM||MOTION ASSIGNED||23-AUG-200702:29 PM|
|DOCKET ENTRY:||45-07072345 MOTION FOR DECLARATORY JUDGMENT ASSIGNED TO
JUDGE GREENSPAN ON 8-24-07.
|24-AUG-200703:02 PM||MOTION ASSIGNED||24-AUG-200703:02 PM|
|DOCKET ENTRY:||97-07071697 MOTION FOR SUMMARY JUDGMENT ASSIGNED TO JUDGE
MAIER ON 8-27-07.
|24-AUG-200703:03 PM||MOTION ASSIGNMENT UPDATED||24-AUG-200703:04 PM|
|DOCKET ENTRY:||97-07071697 MOTION FOR SUMMARY JUDGMENT MOTION ASSIGNMENT
DATE UPDATED UNTIL 9-13-07.
|24-AUG-200703:04 PM||MOTION ASSIGNMENT UPDATED||24-AUG-200712:00 AM|
|DOCKET ENTRY:||45-07072345 MOTION FOR DECLARATORY JUDGMENT RE-ASSIGNED TO
JUDGE MAIER ON 8-27-07.
|30-AUG-200702:05 PM||MOTION ASSIGNED||30-AUG-200702:05 PM|
|DOCKET ENTRY:||54-07080054 MOTION FOR JUDGMENT ON PLEADINGS ASSIGNED TO
JUDGE MAIER ON 8-31-07.
|11-SEP-200702:30 PM||ANSWER (MOTION/PETITION) FILED||NEVYAS MD, HERBERT J||13-SEP-200712:00 AM|
|DOCKET ENTRY:||45-07072345 ANSWER OF PLAINTIFF TO MOTION FOR DECLARATORY
|12-SEP-200711:44 AM||ANSWER (MOTION/PETITION) FILED||MORGAN, DOMINIC||13-SEP-200712:00 AM|
|DOCKET ENTRY:||02-07070902 REPLY OF DEFENDANT TO PLAINTIFFâ€™S RESPONSE TO
MOTION TO RECUSE.
|19-SEP-200702:11 PM||MOTION ASSIGNED||19-SEP-200702:11 PM|
|DOCKET ENTRY:||97-07071697 MOTION FOR SUMMARY JUDGMENT ASSIGNED TO JUDGE
MAIER ON 9-20-07.
|19-SEP-200702:16 PM||MOTION ASSIGNED||19-SEP-200702:16 PM|
|DOCKET ENTRY:||35-07080835 MOTION FOR SUMMARY JUDGMENT ASSIGNED TO JUDGE
MAIER ON 9-20-07.
|12-OCT-200710:37 AM||ORDER ENTERED/236 NOTICE GIVEN||MAIER, EUGENE E||12-OCT-200710:37 AM|
|DOCKET ENTRY:||45-07072345 IT IS ORDERED THAT DEFT, DOMINIC MORGANâ€™S MOTION
FOR DECLARATORY JUDGMENT IS DENIED. BY THE COURT â€¦MAIER,J 10/4/07
|12-OCT-200710:39 AM||ORDER ENTERED/236 NOTICE GIVEN||MAIER, EUGENE E||12-OCT-200710:39 AM|
|DOCKET ENTRY:||02-07070902 IT IS ORDERED THAT DEFT, DOMINIC MORGANâ€™S MOTION
TO RECUSE IS DENIED. BY THE COURT â€¦MAIER,J 10/4/07
|12-OCT-200710:39 AM||ORDER ENTERED/236 NOTICE GIVEN||MAIER, EUGENE E||12-OCT-200710:40 AM|
|DOCKET ENTRY:||97-07071697 IT IS ORDERED THAT DEFT, DOMINIC MORGANâ€™S IN
FORMA PAUPERIS CROSS-MOTION FOR DECLARATORY JUDGMENT IS DENIED. BY THE COURT
|12-OCT-200710:40 AM||ORDER ENTERED/236 NOTICE GIVEN||MAIER, EUGENE E||12-OCT-200710:42 AM|
|DOCKET ENTRY:||54-07080054 IT IS ORDERED THAT DEFT, DOMINIC MORGANâ€™S IN
FORMA PAUPERIS CROSS-MOTION FOR DECLARATORY JUDGMENT IS DENIED. BY THE COURT
|12-OCT-200710:42 AM||ORDER ENTERED/236 NOTICE GIVEN||MAIER, EUGENE E||12-OCT-200710:43 AM|
|DOCKET ENTRY:||35-07080835 IT IS ORDERED THAT DEFT, DOMINIC MORGANâ€™S MOTION
FOR SUMMARY JUDGMENT IS DENIED. BY THE COURT â€¦MAIER,J 10/4/07
|16-OCT-200709:23 AM||ORDER ENTERED/236 NOTICE GIVEN||MAIER, EUGENE E||16-OCT-200712:00 AM|
|DOCKET ENTRY:||45-07072345 IT IS ORDERED THAT THE CROSS-MOTION FOR
DECLARATORY JUDGMENT IS GRANTED. SEE ORDER FOR TERMS. BY THE COURT â€¦MAIER,J
|16-OCT-200709:24 AM||ORDER ENTERED/236 NOTICE GIVEN||MAIER, EUGENE E||16-OCT-200712:00 AM|
|DOCKET ENTRY:||45-07072345 IT IS ORDERED THAT THE ORDER GRANTING
CROSS-MOTION FOR DECLARATORY JUDGMENT WAS SIGNED IN ERROR AND IS THEREFORE
RECONSIDERED AND DENIED. BY THE COURT â€¦MAIER,J 10/15/07
|16-OCT-200704:16 PM||MOTION FOR JUDGMENT||17-OCT-200712:00 AM|
|DOCKET ENTRY:||61-07101461 RESPONSE DATE 11-5-07. (PLFS, HERBERT J. NEVYAS,
M.D., ANITA NEVYAS WALLCE, M.D. AND NEVYAS EYS ASSOCIATES, P.C.)
|02-NOV-200711:17 AM||ANSWER (MOTION/PETITION) FILED||MORGAN, DOMINIC||05-NOV-200712:00 AM|
|DOCKET ENTRY:||61-07101461 ANS FILED TO MOTION FOR JUDGMENT FOLLOWING
|08-NOV-200709:51 AM||MOTION ASSIGNED||08-NOV-200709:51 AM|
|DOCKET ENTRY:||61-07101461 MOTION FOR JUDGMENT ASSIGNED TO JUDGE MAIER ON
|31-DEC-200701:53 PM||ORDER ENTERED/236 NOTICE GIVEN||MAIER, EUGENE E||31-DEC-200701:54 PM|
|DOCKET ENTRY:||61-07101461 AND NOW, THIS 28TH DAY OF DECEMBER, 2007, UPON
CONSIDERATION OF PLAINTIFFSâ€™ MOTION FOR JUDGMENT ON REMAND AND DEFENDANT
MORGANâ€™S RESPONSE, THE MOTION IS DENIED. BY THE COURT: HON. EUGENE EDWARD J.
|09-JUN-200811:50 AM||MISCELLANEOUS MOTION||NEVYAS MD, HERBERT J||13-JUN-200812:00 AM|
|DOCKET ENTRY:||66-08060766 MOTION FOR EVIDENTIARY HEARING ON REMAND IN
ACCORD WITH THE ORDER OF THE SUPERIOR COURT. RESPONSE DATE 06-30-08.
|30-JUN-200804:09 PM||ANSWER (MOTION/PETITION) FILED||MORGAN, DOMINIC||07-JUL-200812:00 AM|
|DOCKET ENTRY:||66-08060766 PRO SE DEFENDANT DOMINIC J. MORGANâ€™S RESPONSE TO
PLAINTIFFS NEVYASESâ€™ MOTION FOR AN EVIDENTIARY HEARING FILED.
|16-JUL-200812:31 PM||MOTION ASSIGNED||16-JUL-200812:31 PM|
|DOCKET ENTRY:||66-08060766 MOTION FOR AN EVIDENTIARY HEARING ON REMAND IN
ACCORD WITH THE ORDER OF THE SUPERIOR COURT ASSIGNED TO JUDGE MAIER ON
In his 2009 run for Pennsylvania Supreme Court Justice, the Honorable Judge Panella answers to questions posed by the Pennsylvania State Education Association in their 2009 Supreme Court Questionnaire. He cites this case as one of his most important:
- What are the most important cases you have handled as an attorney or as a Judge?
“In my private practice as an attorney, and as a judge, I have always considered family law cases as the most important because the personal lives of the litigants are at stake. Custody, divorce, support and related issues affect the welfare, living conditions and wellbeing of all of our citizens. However, these cases are highly fact driven, and it is impossible to classify them into groups.
In addition to these family law cases, I have always been very sensitive to First Amendment issues. I strongly believe that our democratic system in America would not continue to exist without a free press to report on the dealings of government. The following cases, from my career as an appellate and trial judge, represent my approach when freedom of speech and freedom of the press are involved:
- Nevyas v. Morgan, 921 A.2d 8 (Pa.Super. 2007).
First Amendment Rights – Internet Users
A Pennsylvania resident left legally blind after lasik eye surgery created a website which included criticism of his doctors. Under threat of suit, he agreed to eliminate certain statements the doctors alleged were defamatory. He later added new material criticizing the doctors. The doctors sued, claiming that because they had agreed not to sue him if he removed the initial defamatory allegations, the agreement was binding in perpetuity, and he could not comment negatively on them.
I authored an Opinion which upheld the patient’s freedom of speech rights. Speech on the internet receives First Amendment protection. There was no agreement to withhold assertions which were not libelous although critical of the doctors’ performance.”
August 14, 2007 – (PART1Â , PART2, PART3, PART4, PART5, PART6, PART7, PART8, PART9, PART10) – Defendant Morgan’s Motion For Summary JudgmentÂ – Nevyases never produced documents until Apri-May 2005 (2 years AFTER Morgan’s Medical Malpractice Lawsuit Ended)
June 09, 2008: â€œPlaintiffs Herbert J, Nevyas, M.D., Anita Nevyas-Wallace, M.D. and Nevyas Eye Associates, P.C., by and through their undersigned counsel, hereby Motion this Honorable Court to order an evidentiary hearing to determine whether Morganâ€™s website postings violate his contractual agreement with Plaintiffs and whether any new postings are false and defamatory. In support of their petition, Plaintiffs aver as follows:â€
June 17, 2009: Â “Before this court can rule on the merits of the defamation claim, it must first determine the Public Figure status ofÂ Plaintiffs. This determination of a plaintiffâ€™s public figure status is a particularized and fact sensitive analysis, but it is also a question of law to be determined by the court.”
July 09, 2009: â€œPRO SE DEFENDANT MORGANâ€™S RESPONSE TO DEFENDANT FRIEDMANâ€™S MOTION TO DETERMINE PLAINTIFFSâ€™ PUBLIC FIGURE STATUS, AND CROSSMOTIONS FOR COMPULSORY NONSUIT OR JUDGMENT OF NON PROS, AND/OR JUDGMENT ON THE PLEADINGS; AND/OR SUMMARY JUDGEMENT TO COUNTS I AND II OF PLAINTIFFSâ€™ AMENDED COMPLAINT. 1. The Nevyas plaintiffs ignored Judge Sylvesterâ€™s instructions. See Section 1 of the Factual and Procedural History in the attached Memorandum. 2. The Nevyas plaintiffs filed an erroneous federal lawsuit. See Section 2 of the Factual and Procedural History in the attached Memorandum. 3. The Nevyas plaintiffs failed to properly transfer their federal action back to this court. See Section 3 of the Factual and Procedural History in the attached Memorandum. 4. The Nevyas plaintiffs exceeded the one-year statute of limitations against defendant Morganâ€™s pro bono attorney. See Section 4 of the Factual and Procedural History in the attached Memorandum. 5. The Nevyas plaintiffs improperly claimed that Morgan conspired with Friedman, in their reinstated claim. See Section 5 of the Factual and Procedural History in the attached Memorandum. 6. There were motions decided while the case was officially in abeyance. See Section 6 of the Factual and Procedural History in the attached Memorandum. 7. There was a motion decided while the case was officially in stay. See Section 7 of the Factual and Procedural History in the attached Memorandum. 8. The Superior Courtâ€™s Remand. See Section 8 of the Factual and Procedural History in the attached Memorandum. (This quotes from the Superior Courtâ€™s Remand – there is no question presented and no argument for this section.) 9. The Nevyas plaintiffs fail to allege that defendant Morgan re-posted the same statements that had been on his website as of July 30, 2003. See Section 9 of the Factual and Procedural History in the attached Memorandum. 10. The Nevyas plaintiffs try to excuse and exclude their failure to allege that defendant Morgan re-posted the same statements that had been on his website as of July 30, 2003. See Section 10 of the Factual and Procedural History in the attached Memorandum. 11. The Nevyas plaintiffs failed to honor their contract with defendant Morgan. See Section 11 of the Factual and Procedural History in the attached Memorandum. 12. The statements posted on Morganâ€™s website are not defamatory because they are true. See Section 12 of the Factual and Procedural History in the attached Memorandum. 13. The statements on Morganâ€™s website are either fact or opinion. See Section 13 of the Factual and Procedural History in the attached Memorandum. 14. The Nevyas plaintiffs are at least limited purpose public figures. See Section 14 of the Factual and Procedural History in the attached Memorandum. 15. If the Nevyas plaintiffs had not sworn falsely, and had produced the documents they withheld, this instant case would not exist. See Section 15 of the Factual and Procedural History in the attached Memorandum. 16. The above are relevant to defendant Morganâ€™s counter-suit. See Section 16 of the Factual and Procedural History in the attached Memorandum. WHEREFORE defendant Morgan moves this Honorable Court enter a suitable order granting the Motion of defendant Friedman and the instant Cross Motions of defendant Morgan.â€
July 17, 2009: â€œPlaintiffs deny that the outcome of the surgery was poor and further deny that Morgan is legally blind.â€
July 20, 2009: â€œPRO SE DEFENDANT MORGANâ€™S REPLY TO â€œPLAINTIFFSâ€™ RESPONSE TO DEFENDANTâ€™S MOTION TO DETERMINE WHETHER PLAINTIFFS ARE PRIVATE FIGURES OR LIMITED PURPOSE PUBLIC FIGURESâ€ The Nevyas plaintiffsâ€™ Response shows them again trying to have it both ways, saying one thing to this court and a different thing outside this court. Examples include: 1. At paragraph 4 plaintiffs tell this court: â€œPlaintiffs deny that the outcome of the surgery was poor and further deny that Morgan is now legally blind.â€ Outside this court, plaintiff Herbert Nevyas states: â€œ…he reported vision as low as 20/200 in each eye when I last saw him. I know he has been judged legally blind….and that he is presently receiving Social Security Disability payments because of his legal blindness.â€ Exhibit D. 2. At paragraph 5 plaintiffs tell this court: â€œPlaintiffs, after reasonable investigation, have insufficient information to determine whether Defendant Friedman is a practicing physician….â€
July 27, 2009: â€œPlaintiffs are also incorrect in the facts as they have ignored the evidence indicating that they voluntarily injected themselves into the public discussion concerning LASIK surgery, and admittedly sought to influence the public debate. Yet, even under plaintiffsâ€™ narrow and misguided interpretation of the public controversy requirement, Â the facts still indicate that Plaintiffs are limited purpose public figures with regard to the defamation claim against Friedman.â€
August 03, 2009: â€œMore basically, a general concern over the safety of Â LASIK is just that – – a concern. It is not a public controversy. Â An actual public controversy must be a â€œreal dispute, the outcome of which affects the general public or some segment of it in some appreciable way.â€
August 05, 2009: â€œPRO SE DEFENDANT MORGANâ€™S SUR-REPLY TO â€œPLAINTIFFSâ€™ SUR-REPLY MEMORANDUM IN OPPOSITION TO DEFENDANT FRIEDMANâ€™S MOTION CONCERNING PLAINTIFFâ€™S PUBLIC FIGURE STATUS.â€ Plaintiffsâ€™ Sur-Reply shows them again trying to have it both ways, saying one thing to this court in their Amended Complaint, and a different thing in their Sur-Reply. Plaintiffs worked hard purporting themselves as â€œdoctorâ€™s doctorsâ€ at the forefront of eye care and LASIK surgery. For argumentâ€™s sake, even if they did not make themselves limited purpose public figures, Morgan did. By the time Friedman purportedly defamed them (by supposedly having Morgan post letters to the FDA), Morganâ€™s website was already prominent for almost one year and the public was already researching plaintiffs on the internet. As plaintiffs documented in their Amended Complaint at paragraphs 15, 17, 22, 23, 25, 52, 56, 57, 58:â€
November 09, 2009: THE COURT FINDS THAT PLTFS ARE “LIMITED PURPOSE PUBLIC FIGURES” RELATIVE TO THE INSTANT DEFAMATION CASE. BY THE COURT …ROGERS,J 10/14/09
November 12, 2009: â€œ10. Â Moreover, the finding that plaintiffs are limited purpose public figures changes the burden of proof, requiring that plaintiffs prove that defendantâ€™s statements are false, rather than requiring defendants to prove as an affirmative defense that their statements were true.Â 11.Â This sea-change in the burden of proof may require additional issues to be decided at trial. For example, it may re-open issues which were litigated in the underlying malpractice action upon which plaintiffs prevailed. The courtâ€™s ruling may give plaintiffs a second bite at the apple.â€
November 30, 2009: â€œAt a May 5, 2009 Status Conference, both Plaintiffsâ€™ counsel and Friedman counsel advised this Court that the matter of Plaintiffsâ€™ public figure status needed to be resolved. Under Pennsylvania law, in any defamation case where the plaintiff is alleged to be a public figure, a court must first make a threshold determination as to the plaintiffâ€™s public figure status. That determination will clarify the partiesâ€™ respective burden of proof at any upcoming trial. This Court then set a briefing schedule and each side submitted briefs. By Order dated October 14, 2009, this Court ruled that plaintiffs were â€œlimited purpose public figuresâ€ for purposes of the defamation claim.â€
December 02, 2009: â€œPlaintiffsâ€™ instant motion does not claim that this Courtâ€™s Order eliminates the need for trial, but only that this Courtâ€™s Order makes plaintiffsâ€™ success at trial more difficult. According to plaintiffsâ€™ argument, almost anything a judge orders is a â€œcontrolling issue of lawâ€ and subject to piecemeal appeal, including defendant Morganâ€™s unopposed cross-motions currently before this Court.â€
December 08, 2009: REPLY BRIEF IN SUPPORT OF PLAINTIFFSâ€™ MOTION TO AMEND ORDER TO CERTIFY FOR PURPOSES OF TAKING AN INTERLOCUTORY APPEAL An interlocutory appeal is appropriate in this action because the question of whether Dr. Nevyas, Dr.Wallace and their medical practice are limited purpose public figures is the controlling question in this litigation. The Courtâ€™s finding that plaintiffs are limited purpose public figures has a profound effect on this litigation. It requires Plaintiffs to prove actual malice.
December 23, 2009: â€œPlaintiffsâ€™ reply continues to ignore the proper standard for determining whether an interlocutory appeal should be permitted. Plaintiffs argue that an interlocutory appeal is warranted because the public figure determination is â€œa controlling question in this litigationâ€ and that the Courtâ€™s finding has â€œa profound effect on this litigationâ€. That argument ignores the proper standard under 42 Pa. C.S.A. Â§702(b). Indeed, if Plaintiffâ€™s argument were accepted, then any significant ruling by a trial court which decides an important issue or which effects the parties in a case, would be grounds for an interlocutory appeal.â€
December 24, 2009: â€œPlaintiffs assert that, if trial occurs with plaintiffs designated limited purpose public figures, they will appeal Â post-trial. Plaintiffs thus purport that is in everyone’s interest to have an interlocutory appeal now, purportedly to save time, etc. Â Plaintiffs lack credibility since, as the United States Supreme Court states, interlocutory appeals can increase trial court difficulty, delay, add costs, diminish coherence, and create additional and unnecessary appellate court work:â€
From Public Citizen:
Nevyas Lasik Surgeons Resort to Trademark Law to Suppress Criticisms
by Paul Alan LevyÂ
For several years, Dominic Morgan and the principals of the Nevyas Eye Clinic have been jousting over Morganâ€™s contention that, by performing inappropriate lasik surgery on him in 1998, and overlooking indications that he was not a good candidate for such surgery, the Nevyases are responsible for making him legally blind.Â The Nevyases filed a Lanham Act false advertising suit, claiming that Morganâ€™s â€œsucksâ€ web site would mislead consumers about the quality of their services; that action was promptly dismissed.Â They also sued in state court for defamation, and obtained an injunction against the maintenance of his â€œsucksâ€ web site.Â Public Citizen represented Morgan on appeal from the injunction, arguing that the injunction was an unconstitutional prior restraint; the appellate court reversed on state law grounds.Â The libel case continues to wend its way through the Pennsylvania state courts; most recently it is the Nevyases who plan to appeal, from the determination that they are limited purpose public figures who, therefore, have to prove that Morganâ€™s comments were posted with knowledge of their falsity or reckless disregard of a likelihood of falsity.
More recently, however, the Nevyases upped the ante by pursuing another trademark claim, this time invoking an infringement theory.Â The basis for this claim is that by creating web sites that use the Nevyas name in the domain name â€“ anitanevyaslasik.com, herbertnevyaslasik.com, and nevyaslasik.com â€” Morgan is likely to confuse consumers into believing the web sites that announce â€œWhy I do not recommend [the Nevyasesâ€™ services]â€ are sponsored by the Nevyases themselves.Â Apparently, what got the Nevyases really upset was that Morganâ€™s gripe sites rank in the first few hits on Google when users search for information about the Nevyases and their lasik clinic.Â So far as we can tell, they gave no consideration to the possibility that a silly claim of trademark infringement might just bring more attention to Morganâ€™s gripes.
Instead of suing in federal court, the Nevyases took a complaint to the National Arbitration Forum under the Uniform Domain-Name Dispute-Resolution Procedure.Â Over the years, the UDRP has been criticized for its bias in favor of trademark owners, and the NAF in particular has been notorious for offering business clients a friendly forum in which to cheat consumers out of their legal rights.Â Sure enough, the Arbitration Forum appointed a Florida trademark law professor who is a former in-house IP lawyer, who accepted the Nevyases unsworn claims as true even though Morgan denied them, refused to consider the many cases decided by the federal courts that uphold the use of trademarks in the domain names of gripe sites, and ruled in favor of the Nevyases.Â The panelist told the National Law Journal that any claims of bias are false because most UDRP claims arenâ€™t close.
Morgan has now sued for a declaratory judgment of non-infringement in federal court in New Jersey.
The Nevyases lost interest in defending their UDRP victory as soon as the reality hit them that they would have to win in federal court.Â They dropped their claim of infringement.Â The consent order is here.
Nevyas v. Morgan (UDRP Action 2010)
On July 1, 2010, Drs. Herbert Nevyas and Dr. Anita Nevyas-Wallace filed requests for arbitration under the Uniform Domain-Name Dispute-Resolution Policy (â€œUDRPâ€) with the National Arbitration Forum, seeking the transfer of the domain names NevyasLasik.com, HerbertNevyasLasik.com, and AnitaNevyasLasik.com.
According to the Complaint, the websites located at the domain names at issue in the proceeding contain â€œdisparaging and false remarks about Complainantsâ€ and falsely imply â€œthat they are owned by Complainants, not that they are owned by an individual criticizing Complainants.â€
What was NEVER ADDRESSED
ExactlyÂ 2Â WEEKS AFTER THEY COMPLAINED TO THE NATIONAL ARBITRATION FORUM, Anitaâ€™s son Jonathan Wallace registered 87 domain names, using 30 different variations of Morgan’sÂ name and or websites. In December 2010, the Nevyases decided they did not want to litigate the case in Federal Court due to â€œcost of litigationâ€. Â Morgan did not find the information regarding what Anita Nevyasâ€™ son did until well after December 2010. This was never brought up or addressed to the courts because Morgan did not, nor did he care.
From Their Complaint:
Complainants Dr. Herbert Nevyas and Dr. Anita Nevyas-Wallace are surgical and medical ophthalmologists that have performed lasik surgery since at least as early as 1995.Â SeeÂ Verification of Dr. Anita Nevyas-Wallace, attached as Ex. B. Dr. Herbert Nevyas founded Nevyas Eye Associates in 1964 and has directed its medical and surgical ophthalmology practice since that time. Ex. B. Dr. Anita Nevyas changed her name to Anita Nevyas-Wallace in 1987, but continues to use the name Anita Nevyas. Ex. B. Both of Complainants have practiced lasik surgery continuously at Nevyas Eye Associates since at least as early as 1995. Ex. B. Their practices are described at the website
www.nevyas.com.Â SeeÂ Printouts from Nevyas.com attached as Exhibit C.
Complainants have advertised their lasik practice to the general public since 1992 and have done so continuously using the marks â€œDr. Herbert Nevyas,â€ â€œDr. Anita Nevyas,â€ â€œNevyas Eye Associates,â€ and â€œNevyas Lasik.â€ Ex. B. In addition to traditional forms of advertising and marketing, Complainants advertise their practice online through the websites Nevyas.com and NevyasVideo.com, through informational articles posted on other websites, and through online videos at websites such as YouTube.com. Ex. B. For example, Complainantsâ€™ YouTube videos display the headings â€œDr. Herbert J. Nevyas LASIKâ€ and â€œNevyas Eye Associates LASIK.â€Â SeeÂ YouTube videos displaying marks, attached as Exhibit D.
The Forum has previously recognized that individuals have common law trademark rights in their own names enforceable in domain dispute proceedings. See Jerry Damson, Inc. v. Texas International Property Assoc.,Â F0702000916991 (Nat. Arb. Forum Apr. 10, 2007) (Jerry Damson doing business under the mark â€œJerry Damson Acuraâ€ had right to JerryDamsonAcura.com domain name).Â See also Margaret Drabble v. Old Barn Studios Ltd., D2001-020 (WIPO Mar. 26, 2001) (author Margaret Drabble had common law rights to MarthaDrabble.com domain);Â Jeanette Winterson v. Mark Hogarth,Â D2000-0235 (WIPO May 22, 2000) (Jeanette Winterson had common law rights to her name);Â Julia Fiona Roberts v. Russell BoydÂ D2000-0210 (WIPO May 29, 2000) (Julia Roberts had common law rights to â€œJulia Robertsâ€);Â Thibodeau, v. Yomtobian, FA 94868 (Nat. Arb. Forum June 28, 2000) (rights to â€œDr. Laurenâ€ in dispute re:Â www.drlauren.com).
The complainant also need not be a famous individual for common law rights in his or her name to arise.Â See, e.g., Dr. Paul Guerrino v. Yin Chew,Â FA0204000110873 (Nat. Arb. Forum June 17, 2002) (Practicing dentist Dr. Guerrino owned rights toÂ www.guerrinodentistry.com).
Finally, it is not necessary that Complainants own a trademark registration for their mark for that mark to be protected.Â See Jerry Damson, supra; Broad Corp. v. Renteria,Â D2000-0050 (WIPO Mar. 23, 2000) (the Policy â€œdoes not distinguish between registered and unregistered trademarks and service marks in the context of abusive registration of domain namesâ€ and applying Policy to â€œunregistered trademarks and service marksâ€). Complainants have continuously used the â€œNevyas Lasikâ€ mark and similar trademarks containing their names and the â€œNevyasâ€ surname in connection with their medical and surgical ophthalmology practices since at least as early as 1995. Ex. B. As such, they have developed common law rights in the marks.Â See Tuxedos By Rose v. Nunez, FA 95248 (finding common law rights in a mark where its use was continuous and ongoing).
FACTUAL AND LEGAL GROUNDS
This complaint is based on the following factual and legal grounds:
[a.] Respondentâ€™s domain names are nearly identical to Complainantsâ€™ trademarks, pursuant to ICANN Policy Â¶ 4(a)(i), and are being used in a deceptive manner.
Respondentâ€™s domain names AnitaNevyasLasik.com, HerbertNevyasLasik.com, and NevyasLasik.com are nearly identical to Complainantsâ€™ names and trademarks. Complainants are well-known lasik surgeons whose services are advertised in connection with the marks â€œHerbert Nevyas Lasikâ€ and â€œAnita Nevyas Lasikâ€ and the domains Nevyas.com and NevyasVideo.com. It is well-established that the addition of a generic top level domain such as â€œ.comâ€ to a trademark, or other minor changes to the mark, do not cause the domain name to be non-identical.Â See, e.g., Jerry Damson, supra.; Tropar Mfg. Co., Inc. v. TSB,Â FA 127701 (Nat. Arb. Forum Dec. 4, 2002 (â€œThe addition of a generic top-level domain does not add any distinguishing characteristics to a domain name because it is a required feature in every domain name.â€)
Respondent further increases the likelihood of confusion between his domains and Complainantsâ€™ by advertising his websites in a deceptive manner that suggests they are affiliated with Complainants and Nevyas Eye Associates. A Google search for â€œNevyas Lasikâ€ or a similar term displays the following Google headlines for Respondentâ€™s websites:
Welcome to HerbertNevyasLasik.com!
Drs. Herbert Nevyas & Anita Nevyas-Wallace
Nevyas Eye Associates
Google search results, attached as Ex. E (Respondentâ€™s websites are highlighted so that they can be distinguished from Complainantsâ€™ website).
Once a patient or potential patient visits Respondentâ€™s websites, the patient views disparaging and false remarks about Complainants.Â SeeÂ Printouts from Respondentâ€™s websites, attached as Exhibit F. Respondentâ€™s websites also contain links to other websites featuring the services of other lasik surgeons and doctors with similar ophthalmology practices.Â Id.
Respondentâ€™s websites track the number of clicks to each competitive website, suggesting that Respondent may be profiting from this confusion and traffic to his website by obtaining clickthrough fees.Â Id.
[b.] Respondent has no rights or legitimate interests in the domain names, pursuant to ICANN Policy Â¶ 4(a)(ii).
Respondent is apparently an individual by the name of Dom Morgan, who was previously involved in state and federal litigation with Complainants.Â SeeÂ Ex. F (Printout from Respondentâ€™s websites stating websites are owned by Dom Morgan). Dom Morgan was a patient of Complainants in 1998 who was unhappy with the results of his treatment and subsequently posted numerous false, disparaging and defamatory statements regarding Complainants and their practice on multiple websites. Ex. B. Complainants sued him and subsequent to these lawsuits, statements were removed from his websites. Unfortunately, the partiesâ€™ legal battle continues. Ex. B.
Currently, Respondent owns and operates a number of websites where he criticizes the practice of lasik surgery and various lasik surgeons, including Complainants. Respondent is the owner of websites such as
www.nevyasvmorgan.com,Â www.lasikdecision.com, www.lasikliberty.com, www.lasikfda.com, and www.flawedlasik.com.Â SeeÂ Exhibit G (Whois Information for Respondentâ€™s Other Websites). Respondent also operated the website www.lasiksucks4you.com. This action does not implicate Respondentâ€™s ability to post critical statements regarding Complainants on those domains, or any domains that do not contain Complainantsâ€™ trademarks. The domain names at issue in this action indicate that they are owned by Complainants, not that they are owned by an individual criticizing Complainants.
Prior panel decisions have held that this type of initial interest confusion, caused by the domain name itself, is impermissible.Â See The Paxton Herald v. Millard, FA0207000114770 (Nat. Arb. Forum Aug. 21, 2002) (â€œWhile the content of Respondentâ€™s website may enjoy First Amendment and fair use protection, those protections do not equate to rights or a legitimate interest with respect to a domain name which is confusingly similar to anotherâ€™s trademark.â€);Â Council of American Survey v. Pinelands Web Services,Â D2002-0377 (WIPO July 19, 2002) (â€œRespondent may have a right to refer to the mark in critical content, the wholesale appropriation of Complainantâ€™s mark in a domain name, without any distinguishing material, creates confusion with Complainantâ€™s business and is not fair use merely for the purpose of criticismâ€¦No criticism is apparent from the domain name itself; it is not sufficient that the criticism may be apparent from the content of the site.â€)
- Respondent has no rights or legitimate interests in the domains because he is not commonly known by Complainantsâ€™ trademarks and does not use the marks in connection with a legitimate offering of goods and services.
Respondent has no rights or legitimate interests in NevyasLasik.com domains because he sells no goods or services on his websites and seeks only to capitalize on Complainantsâ€™ trademarks by luring consumer traffic to his website, disparaging Complainants, and advertising similar lasik services offered by other practitioners. For example, when one of the links on Respondentâ€™s website is clicked, the customer visits
www.lasikinfocenter.com, where the customer views the following advertisements:
Tri-County Eye Physicians
Cataract & Oculo-plastic Surgery Laser Vision Correction/LASIK
Locate an Eye Doctor
Locate an Eye Doctor in your area and Learn more about your Eyes
Other links on Respondentâ€™s website also advertise competitive products and services.
SeeÂ Printouts from Respondentâ€™s websites, attached as Exhibit F. Respondentâ€™s websites display the number of hits on each link, indicating that Respondentâ€™s websites have redirected thousands of consumers to other websites advertising competitive products and services. Respondent also has a history of using websites to solicit donations to pay his legal fees in litigation against Complainants.Â See, e.g.,Â http://www.lasik-flap.com/forum/viewtopic.php?f=6&t=373.
Respondentâ€™s NevyasLasik.com domains invite visitors to contact him and support him in his litigation with Complainants.
Respondent has no trademark or service mark rights in the â€œNevyas Lasik,â€ â€œAnita Nevyas Lasikâ€ or â€œHerbert Nevyas Lasikâ€ trademarks and is not commonly known by these marks. Having no rights in the marks at issue, and offering no goods or services, Respondent simply attempts to profit and damage Complainants by misleadingly diverting customer traffic away from Nevyas.com and to his websites and the links on his websites.
Respondentâ€™s use of domain names that are nearly identical to Complainantsâ€™ marks to divert Internet users to websites that offer competitive products and services, and for which Respondent presumably receives a commission or click-through fees, is not aÂ bona fideÂ offering of goods or services, nor is it a legitimate noncommercial or fair use of the domains under the ICANN Policy.Â See Emmit Smith, III v. EmmitSmith.com, FA 555486 (Nat. Arb. Forum Oct. 26, 2005) (citing Disney Enters., Inc. v. Dot Stop,Â FA 145227 (Nat. Arb. Forum Mar. 17, 2003) (finding that the respondentâ€™s diversionary use of the complainantâ€™s mark to attract Internet users to its own website, which contained a series of hyperlinks to unrelated websites, was neither a bona fide offering of goods or services nor a legitimate noncommercial or fair use of the disputed domain names);Â Black & Decker Corp. v. Clinical Evaluations, FA 112629 (Nat. Arb. Forum June 24, 2002) (holding that the respondentâ€™s use of the disputed domain name to redirect Internet users to commercial websites, unrelated to the complainant and presumably with the purpose of earning a commission or pay-per-click referral fee did not evidence rights or legitimate interests in the domain name)).
- Respondent has no rights or legitimate interests in the domains because he is not making a legitimate, non-commercial fair use of the domains pursuant to Paragraph 4c(iii), but is using the domains with an intent to tarnish Complainantsâ€™ trademarks and profit from misleadingly diverting customers.
Respondent registered the NevyasLasik.com domains in February, 2009.Â SeeÂ Ex. A. Respondentâ€™s legal battles with Complainants began in 2000 and have continued into the present.
Ex. B. Respondentâ€™s websites make clear that Respondentâ€™s goal is to tarnish Complainantsâ€™ trademarks, damage Complainantsâ€™ business, and profit from the use of Complainantsâ€™ marks.
Complainants assert this complaint not to impair Respondentâ€™s First Amendment rights but because Respondent is using Complainantsâ€™ trademarks in the NevyasLasik.com domains to suggest that the domains are sponsored by or affiliated with Complainants, to confuse Complainantsâ€™ patients and potential patients, and to lure traffic to Respondentâ€™s websites.
Respondentâ€™s website headlines â€“ â€œNevyas Eye Associatesâ€ and â€œWelcome to NevyasLasik.com!â€ â€“ misleadingly suggest that patients will be visiting Nevyas Eye Associates or Complainantsâ€™ â€œNevyas Lasikâ€ practice if they select those links. Once the patient arrives at Respondentâ€™s websites, Respondentâ€™s has already profited from this initial interest confusion and has succeeded in tarnishing Complainantsâ€™ trademarks.
[c.] Respondent registered and uses the domains in bad faith, pursuant to ICANN Policy Â¶ 4(a)(iii).
- Respondentâ€™s Registration of Multiple Domain Names Containing Complainantsâ€™ Marks and His Advertisement and Use of Those Domain Names Causes a Likelihood of Confusion, Particularly Initial Interest Confusion, to Attract Individuals Seeking Complainantsâ€™ Website to Respondentâ€™s Websites.
Paragraph 4(a)(iii) of the ICANN Policy lists a non-exhaustive list of circumstances that indicate bad faith registration and use of domains, which includes evidence that the respondent â€œintentionally attempted to attract, for commercial gain, Internet users to [his or her] web site or other on-line location, by creating a likelihood of confusion with the complainantâ€™s mark as to the source, sponsorship, affiliation, or endorsement of [his or her] web site or location or of a product or service on your web site or location.â€
Respondentâ€™s use of Complainantsâ€™ marks in his domain names creates a likelihood of confusion and suggests an attempt to attract Internet users to Respondentâ€™s websites for commercial gain.Â See Am. Univ. v. Cook, FA 208629 (Nat. Arb. Forum Dec. 22, 2003) (â€œRegistration and use of a domain name that incorporates anotherâ€™s mark with the intent to deceive Internet users in regard to the source or affiliation of the domain name is evidence of bad faith.â€);Â see also G.D. Searle & Co. v. Celebrex Drugstore, FA 123933 (Nat. Arb. Forum Nov. 21, 2002);Â Kmart v. Khan, FA 127708 (Nat. Arb. Forum Nov. 22, 2002).
Furthermore, where a disputed domain name containing the complainantâ€™s trademark is being used to feature links to websites that compete with the complainant, presumably for referral fees, that use alone constitutes bad faith under the Policy.Â See Univ. of Houston Sys. v. Salvia Corp., FA 637920 (Nat. Arb. Forum Mar. 21, 2006);Â Asbury Auto. Group, Inc., v. Tex. Intâ€™l Prop. Assoc., FA 958542 (Nat. Arb. Forum May 29, 2007);Â David Hall Rare Coins v. Tex. Intâ€™l Prop. Assoc., FA 915206 (Nat. Arb. Forum Apr. 9, 2007);Â Am. Airlines, Inc., v. Tex. Intâ€™l Prop. Assoc., FA 914854 (Nat. Arb. Forum Apr. 10, 2007).
- Respondent Engaged in a Pattern of Registering Domains Reflecting Complainantsâ€™ Trademarks, Which Prevents Complainants from Registering Corresponding Domain Names Reflecting Their Marks.
Pursuant to Paragraph 4(a)(iii), evidence of bad faith also includes evidence that the Respondent â€œregistered the domain name in order to prevent the owner of the trademark or service mark from reflecting the mark in a corresponding domain name, provided that [Respondent] engaged in a pattern of such conduct.â€ Respondentâ€™s registration of a series of domains that all contain essentially the same website content suggests a pattern of registering domains so that Complainants cannot register them. There is no other justification for Respondentâ€™s ownership of a series of domain names featuring the same website content.
- Respondent Registered the Domain Names Primarily for the Purpose of Disrupting Complainantsâ€™ Business.
Evidence of bad faith can also include facts indicating that the domain was registered primarily for the purpose of disrupting the business of the trademark owner. Respondent states that his websites were created for the following purpose: â€œto update and further prove all allegations I brought against the Nevyases as documented on my previously owned website LasikSucks4u.com and now
LasikDecision.com. I would also like to show how I believe the courts were wrong in many of their decisions and/or opinions regarding my med mal lawsuit Morgan v. Nevyas and the current Nevyas v. Morgan lawsuit.â€ Ex. F.
Thus, Respondent admits that his websites were registered and are being used for to disrupt Complainantsâ€™ businesses. Respondent falsely alleged that Complainants committed medical malpractice, and if his stated intention is to attempt to publicly prove those allegations, his conduct necessarily involves disrupting Complainantsâ€™ businesses.Â See also Dr. Karl Albrecht v. Eric Natale,Â FA 95465 (Nat. Arb. Forum Sept. 16, 2000) (â€œThe Respondent intentionally registered a domain name which uses the Complainantâ€™s name. There is no reasonable possibility that the name <karlalbrecht.com> was selected at random. There may be circumstances where such a registration could be done in good faith, but absent such evidence, the Panel can only conclude that the registration was done in bad faith.â€)
[6.]Â REMEDY SOUGHT
Complainants request that the panel issue a decision that Respondentâ€™s domain-name registrations be transferred to Complainants.
[7.]Â OTHER LEGAL PROCEEDINGS
[8.]Â COMPLAINT TRANSMISSION
Complainants assert that a copy of this Complaint, together with the cover sheet as prescribed by NAFâ€™s Supplemental Rules, has been sent or transmitted to Respondent at the contact information provided, in accordance with ICANN Rule 2(b), and to the domain name Registrar at the contact information provided, in accordance with NAF Supp. Rule 4(e).
[9.]Â MUTUAL JURISDICTION
Complainants will submit, with respect to any challenges to a decision in the administrative proceeding canceling or transferring the domain name, to the location where the Respondent is located, in accordance with ICANN Rule 3(b)(xiii).
Complainants agree that their claims and remedies concerning the registration of the domain name, the dispute, or the disputeâ€™s resolution shall be solely against the domain-name holder and waive all such claims and remedies against (a) the National Arbitration Forum and panelists, except in the case of deliberate wrongdoing, (b) the Registrar, (c) the registry administrator, and (d) the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers, as well as their directors, officers, employees, and agents.
Complainants certify that the information contained in this Complaint is to the best of their knowledge complete and accurate, that this Complaint is not being presented for any improper purpose, such as to harass, and that the assertions in this Complaint are warranted under these Rules and under applicable law, as it now exists or as it may be extended by a goodfaith and reasonable argument.
Bryna S. Scott, Esq.
Alexis Arena, Esq.
1600 John F. Kennedy Blvd., Suite 200
Philadelphia, PA 19103
Attorneys for Claimants
Dated: July 1, 2010
View the complete documentÂ HERE
THE COMPLAINANT(S) COMES BEFORE THE NATIONAL ARBITRATION FORUM WITH UNCLEAN HANDS
Complainant(s) have a history of misrepresenting facts to impede Respondent Morganâ€Ÿs First Amendment Rights. Complainant(s) through their counsel prior to the onset of litigation in the Nevyas v. Morgan lawsuit have stated â€œthat this website should be removed in its entiretyâ€1 and have repeatedly harassed Respondent Morganâ€Ÿs website hosting providers with threats of lawsuit. Complainant(s) twice attempted to obtain a restraining order against Respondent Morgan which was denied by the Philadelphia Court of Common Pleas. Complainant(s) then brought suit against Respondent Morgan in Federal Court. The federal district court dismissed the Lanham Act claim because the plaintiffs lacked standing to bring a false advertising claim and because Morganâ€™s statements did not qualify as â€œcommercial advertising or promotion.â€ Unhappy with the Federal Court decision, Complainant(s) reinstated their claims in the state court for defamation, breach of contract and specific performance which proceeded to trial in July 2005. The trial court granted an injunction in favor of the plaintiffs (complainant(s)). On appeal, the Superior Court of Pennsylvania vacated the injunction in March 2007 and remanded the case to the trial court for further findings and proceedings.2 Claimant(s) allege that Respondent Morgan posted numerous false, disparaging and defamatory statements regarding Complainants are not true and have yet to be determined by the courts. In addition, facts Respondent Morgan and his co-defendant submitted during litigation resulted in the Judge ruling that Complainant(s) were public figures.3
1 Exhibit 1 â€“Â http://www.lasikdecision.com/media2/nocontract.pdf
2 Exhibit 2 â€“Â http://www.citizen.org/documents/nevyasmorganopinion.pdf
THE COMPLAINANT(S) ARE A RISK TO PUBLIC SAFETY
Misrepresentations to Schullman Associates, Complainant(s) Institutional Review Board (IRB) and the U.S. Food and Drug Administration during their investigational study for LASIK have resulted in:
(a) Damages to over 30 people by claimant(s);
(b) Numerous letters from the FDA stating claimant(s) were in violations of their study;4
4 Exhibit 4 â€“ http://www.lasikdecision.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=category&layout=blog&id=33&Itemid=114 â€“ under section â€žNevyases Investigational Studyâ€Ÿ
(c) Discontinuance of their study by the FDA for safety reasons;
As such, the public has a right to know they are at risk when choosing services by claimant(s).
4) RESPONSE TO FACTUAL AND LEGAL ALLEGATIONS MADE IN COMPLAINT
- a) This Response specifically responds to the statements and allegations contained in the Complaint and includes any and all bases for the Respondent to retain registration and use of the disputed domain name.
- b) First and foremost, it is important to note at the outset that this is a case about Internet gripe sites in which the names of the Complainants â€“ Herbert and Anita Nevyas â€” have been used in the domain names for sites that are devoted to describing Respondentâ€Ÿs criticisms of those Complainants. Even assuming that their names can be the subject of a trademark-like UDRP complaint, this UDRP proceeding should take account of constitutional and trademark law in the United States, where the validity of any decision by the UDRP panel will be contested. And courts in the United States have consistently held that trademark claims over domain names in the form www.trademark.com cannot be brought when the domain name is used for a web site that isaboutthe trademark holder, so long as the web site itself is not confusing about whether it is sponsored by the trademark holder.
Lighthouse Ministry v. Foundation for Apologetic Information and Research, 527 F.3d 1045 (10th Cir. 2008);Â Lamparello v. Falwell, 420 F.3d 309 (4th Cir. 2005),Â revâ€™gÂ 360 F. Supp 2d 768 (E.D.Va. 2004);Â Lucas Nursery and Landscaping v. Grosse, 359 F.3d 806 (6th Cir. 2004);Â Taubman v. WebFeats, 319 F3d 770 (6th Cir. 2003). Indeed, the First Amendment limits trademark law to commercial uses.Â Id.Â Consequently, it is an independent ground for objecting to the application of trademark law to the use of domain names like those at issue here that the use is for the non-commercial purpose of expressing opinions about the trademark holder.Â Lighthouse Ministry v. Foundation for Apologetic Information and Research, 527 F.3d 1045 (10th Cir. 2008);Â Bosley Medical v. Kremer, 403 F.3d 672 (9th Cir. 2005);Â TMI v. Maxwell, 368 F.3d 433 (5th Cir. 2004);Â Taubman v. WebFeats, 319 F3d 770 (6th Cir. 2003).
- c) The domain names < com>, <anitanevyaslasik.com>, and <herbertnevyaslasik.com> (sites listed) are not identical or confusingly similar to a trademark or service mark in which the Complainant(s) claims to have rights.
- i) It is impossible for visitors to (sites listed) to be confused into thinking that they are visiting complainant(s) web site. A simple perusal of the home pages of (sites listed) makes it immediately obvious that the sites are designed to openly show Respondent Morganâ€Ÿs experience with claimant(s) and what can happen if you are not a good candidate for LASIK. The first caption of each website states: â€œAfter damaging my eyes with Refractive Surgery, Drs. Herbert Nevyas and Anita Nevyas-Wallace of Nevyas Eye Associates sued to silence me.â€No person of average intelligence could conclude that an organization would operate a web site to show they damaged people and impeded on a personâ€Ÿs First Amendment Rights. Furthermore, there are many statements and links on the sites that encourages the visitor to verification of comments made on respondent Morganâ€Ÿs sites. In lieu of complainant(s) argument, as of July 29, 2010 the websites now reads:
<nevyaslasik.com>Â â€œWhy I do not recommend Nevyas Eye Associates!â€,Â <anitanevyaslasik.com>Â â€œWhy I do not recommend Anita Nevyas!â€, and <herbertnevyaslasik.com> â€œWhy I do not recommend Herbert Nevyas!â€. The title pages of each site have also been changed to further reflect these sites are not complainant(s).
- d) Respondent owns < com>, <anitanevyaslasik.com>, and <herbertnevyaslasik.com> and has rights and legitimate interests in that is/are the subject of the complaint. ICANN Rule 3(b)(ix)(2); ICANN Policy Â¶ 4(a)(ii).
- i) The Respondent is making a legitimate noncommercial or fair use of the domain name, without intent for commercial gain to misleadingly divert consumers or to tarnish the trademark or service mark at issue, establishes a legitimate interest in the domain name. UDRP panels have stated repeatedly that criticism of a trademark ownerâ€Ÿs activities is a fair use, even if the domain name incorporates the Complainantâ€Ÿs trademark. See, e.g.,
Bridgestone Firestone, Inc. v. Myers, WIPO Case No. D2000-0190 (July 6, 2000);Â Bosley Med. Group v. Kremer, WIPO Case No. D2000-1647 (February 28, 2001);Â TMP Worldwide Inc. v. Potter, WIPO Case No. D2000-0536 (August 5, 2000);Â The Am. Natâ€™l Red Cross v. Mafiabusters.com LLC, NAF File No. FA0206000114589 (August 6, 2002);Â Pensacola Christian College Inc. v. Gage, NAF File No. FA0110000101314 (December 12, 2001); Compusa Mgmt. Co. v. Customized Computer Training, NAF File No. FA0006000095082 (August 17, 2000);Â Robo Enters., Inc. v. Daringer, NAF File No. FA0101000096375 (February 21, 2001);Â Savin Corp. v. savinsucks.com, NAF File No. FA0201000103982 (March 5, 2002);Â Bloomberg L.P. v. Secaucus Group, NAF File No. FA0104000097077 (June 7, 2001);Â Mayo Found. for Ed. and Research v. Briese, NAF File No. FA0102000096765 (May 4, 2001);Â Dorset Police v. Coulter, eRes Case No. AF-0942 (October 20, 2001);Â Carefree Toland Pools, Inc. v. Thomson, eRes Case No. AF-1012 (October 30, 2001); cf.Â Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. v. MacLeod, WIPO Case No. D2000-0662 (September 19, 2000) (stating that criticism can be a legitimate interest, but finding no legitimate interest because the protest site was created only as a pretext for selling the site back to the trademark owner); Becker & Poliakoff, P.A. v. Isabell, eRes Case No. AF-0847 (August 9, 2000) (stating the panel would find criticism to be a legitimate fair use if it had not decided the dispute on other grounds). Respondent Morgan also is not a commercial enterprise and the sole purpose of hisÂ websites are to provide verifiable, factual information about respondent Morganâ€Ÿs experiences with complainant(s). Although the information provided on Respondentâ€™s web site admittedly is, and should be, embarrassing to complainant and its LASIK surgeons, complainant has not provided any evidence to support his allegation that it is defamatory. There is significant social value in permitting people to express their opinions as part of their First Amendment rights, just as there is a right to criticize public figures and organizations under the freedom of speech principles of the U.S. Constitution. These rights clearly override the minimal commercial value of a domain name in a case like this.
- ii) The accuracy and legitimacy of respondent Morganâ€Ÿs claims about complainant(s) on <com>, <herbertnevyaslasik.com>, and <anitanevyaslasik.com> are confirmed by the public documents throughout Respondent Morganâ€Ÿs websites.
- c) Respondent has not registered <com>, <anitanevyaslasik.com>, and <herbertnevyaslasik.com> in bad faith ICANN Rule 3(b)(ix)(3); ICANN Policy Â¶ 4(a)(iii).
- i) Respondent Morgan has not offered to sell the domain names to any entity. Respondent Morgan has simply acquired the domain names for the purpose of educating the public due to claimant(s) risk to public safety and past improprieties which the complainant(s) engages.
- ii) Complainant(s) allege Respondent Morgan profits from the domains. This is simply not true. Most Lasik websites are advertisements for having Lasik eye surgery. These sites will list complications but severely downplay the risks associated with LASIK just to sell you the procedure. The same can be said of MANY doctors who perform this procedure when you go in for consultation. Most domains listed are third party sites by others damaged by Refractive Surgery, sites useful for those seeking information regarding LASIK that doctors just do not emphasize. The website <com> claimant(s) emphasized was previously owned by Ariel Berchadsky, a New York lawyer who was damaged by refractive surgery.5 Respondent Morgan does not earn any click-through fees or commissions from the web sites posted at the contested domain names. He does not profit from them in any way. All of the links in the â€žLinksâ€Ÿ section of Respondent Morganâ€Ÿs websites have been chosen because, in the opinion of Respondent Morgan, they offer useful information to prospective patients who are considering surgery on their eyes, or to other lasik victims like Respondent Morgan who are trying to learn what they can do about what has been done to them. If some of those sites are mounted by professionals in the field, who hope that viewers will be choose their services, that is not why Respondent Morgan has linked to them and in particular the link goes to the informational pages on such web sites, not to pages that advertise the services of their creators. Respondent Morgan acknowledges changes are required to update sites and will do so accordingly (already started). Complainant also makes an issue of the fact
5 Exhibit 5 â€“ The link for lasikinfocenter.com has since been removed from the sites listed.
that, on a different web site that does not contain any of Complainantsâ€Ÿ names in the URL, Respondent Morgan urged public support for Public Citizen,6 a not for profit organization and accepts no government or corporate money â€“ they rely solely on foundation grants, publication sales and support from their members. As previously noted, Public Citizenâ€Ÿs litigation group represented Respondent Morgan in a successful appeal from an injunction against the maintenance of that web site. But there is no appeal for support for Public Citizen on any of the web sites at issue in this case and, in any event, the United States Court of Appeals has specifically held than an expression of support for Public Citizen, along with a link to its web site, by one of its clients in a domain name case did not make that web site â€œcommercialâ€ and hence amenable to suit under the trademark laws.
Bosley Medical Institute v. Kremer,Â 403 F.3d 672, 678 (9th Cir. 2005)
6 Exhibit 6 â€“Â http://www.citizen.org/Page.aspx?pid=2306
iii) A consensus has not yet developed among panels regarding whether an individual can have a legitimate interest in using a domain name in the form <trademark.com> for the purpose of criticizing or commenting on the trademark owner. Compare
Bosley Med. Group, WIPO Case No. D2000-1647 (using <trademark.com> to comment on trademark owner is fair use),Â with Nintendo of Am. v. Jones, WIPO Case No. D2000-0998 (November 17, 2000) (â€œInsofar as a domain name which is identical to a name or mark is used solely in the context of the product of the owner of the name or mark and the owner objects to the use, it is not legitimate.â€). In the absence of a consensus, a panel must consider the partiesâ€Ÿ arguments and relevant legal authorities and then make a decision consistent with the goals of the Policy and the Rules, as well as general legal principles. See Rules Paragraph 15(a) (â€œA Panel shall decide a complaint on the basis of the statements and documents submitted and in accordance with the Policy, these Rules and any rules and principles of law that it deems applicable.â€). Moreover, as discussed above, because Complainant has accepted jurisdiction for judicial review in the United States, the panel should apply United States law, including both the First Amendment and the many court decisions limiting the use of trademark law to domain names for non-commercial web sites about the trademark holder. Prior panel decisions finding no legitimate interest in using a domain name in the form of <trademark.com> for the purpose of criticizing or commenting on the trademark owner all relate to a trademark owner that is a commercial enterprise. Complainant claims to offer a â€œnon-profitâ€ service. Respondent also does not offer or provide any goods or services through its web site, nor does it solicit or accept donations. Accordingly, there is no intent to divert nor effective diversion of any commerce, nor any risk of misdirected donations. Respondent has neither sought nor received any commercial gain from the registration and use of the domain name.
- iv) The panel in
Legal & Gen. Group Plc v. Image Plus, D2002-1019 (WIPO Dec. 30, 2002), found that initial interest confusion was displaced by the criticism content at the respondentâ€™s web site and that such a â€œlow level of confusion is . . . a price worth paying to preserve the free exchange of ideas via the Internet.â€Â In Elm Grove Dodge
Chrysler Jeep, Inc. v. Schedule Star
, FA 352423 (Nat. Arb. Forum Dec. 27, 2004), the panel came to a similar conclusion, finding no bad faith registration or use where the respondent â€œonly registered the disputed domain names to voice concerns and complaints about Complainantâ€ and â€œ[n]o one reading the web site would be confused as to sponsorship.â€
- v) Complainants also protest at length about the way Respondent Morgan â€œadvertisesâ€ his web site in Google. Respondent does not â€œadvertiseâ€ on Google â€“ Google crawls web sites, identifies sites that are believed to be relevant to search queries using its sophisticated algorithm, and then returns search results accordingly. And it is Google, not Respondent, that decides how to describe the sites being returned, drawing text from the sites themselves. Each of the items about which the Nevyases complain are â€œorganicâ€ search results whose placement and content are determined solely by Google in its own discretion. Moreover, the courts do not agree with the implicit argument by complainants that the content of search listings makes out a basis for trademark litigation. No case based on the theory of â€œinitial interest confusionâ€ can be made out when a user of a search engine clicks on a search result and comes to a landing page that so clearly dispels any possible confusion as Respondentâ€Ÿs pages do, by expressly criticizing the trademark holder. And, even if there were a possible trademark claim, it would not be a UDRP claim which is based only on the content of the domain name.
- vi) Complainant(s) have presented a bizarre and baseless claim to the National Arbitration Forum that clearly emphasizes Respondent Morganâ€Ÿs claims that claimant(s) continuously impede on Respondent Morganâ€Ÿs First Amendment Rights and the harassment to silence him.7
7 Exhibit 7 â€“ Claimant(s) wrote this letter over 7 years after Respondent Morgan last saw them as a patient. Respondent Morgan believes the actions of claimant(s) was of vindictive nature and to further harass Morgan.
5) RESPONSE TRANSMISSION
Respondent Morgan asserts that a copy of the Response, as prescribed by NAFâ€Ÿs Supplemental Rules, has been sent or transmitted to the Complainant(s), in accordance with ICANN Rule 2(b). ICANN Rule 5(b)(vii); NAF Supp. Rule 5.
6) Respondent Morgan respectfully requests that the Administrative Panel denies the remedy requested by the Complainant(s).
Respondent Morgan certifies that the information contained in this Response is to the best of Respondentâ€Ÿs knowledge complete and accurate, that this Response is not being presented for any improper purpose, such as to harass, and that the assertions in this Response are warranted under these Rules and under applicable law, as it now exists or as it may be extended by a good-faith and reasonable argument.
Dominic J. Morgan, Respondent
COMPLAINANTSâ€™ ADDITIONAL SUBMISSION IN REPLY TO RESPONDENT
Complainants Dr. Herbert Nevyas and Dr. Anita Nevyas-Wallace (â€œComplainantsâ€) submit this additional submission in reply to the Response filed by Respondent Dom Morgan / n/a (â€œRespondentâ€).
[a.] Respondentâ€™s Belated Revisions to His Websites Are Not Evidence of His Rights to the Domains; To the Contrary, They Evidence Respondentâ€™s Bad Faith Prior to His Receipt of the Complaint.
Respondent states that since receiving the Complaint in this matter, he: (1) removed the link on his website toÂ www.lasikinfocenter.com, which contained advertisements for Complainantsâ€™ competitors; and (2) revised the title pages of his websites so as to not misleadingly refer to Complainants. Response, at 3, 5, Ex. 5.
Respondentâ€™s removal of commercial links on his website and the edits to his website text do not absolve him from liability in this proceeding, because the Policy focuses on the content of Respondentâ€™s websites before the date the Complaint was filed. Paragraph 4(c)(i) of the Policy states that a respondent may demonstrate â€œrights to and legitimate interests in the domain nameâ€ by showing â€œbefore any notice to you of the dispute, your use of, or demonstrable preparations to use, the domain name or a name corresponding to the domain name in connection with a bona fide offering of goods or servicesâ€¦â€ Policy, 4(c)(i).
Moreover, Respondentâ€™s belated revisions are evidence that he used the domains in bad faith before he received the Complaint.Â See Comweld Group Pty. Limited v. Comco Industries Co. Ltd., Case No. D2001-0290 (WIPO August 31, 2001) (â€œRespondentâ€™s attempts to change the content of the website are evidence that the registration was not in good faith.â€);Â St. Lawrence University v. Nextnet Tech c/o Domain Dept, FA0701000881234 (Nat. Arb. Forum Feb. 21, 2007) (â€œRespondent has authority to change the website content, and Respondent directed that changes be made to the websiteâ€™s content and keywords after receiving the Complaint in this proceeding.â€);Â Granarolo S.p.A. v. Michele Dinoia a/k/a SZK.com, FA0602000649854 (Nat. Arb. Forum April 17, 2006) (â€œRespondentâ€™s attempts to change his website provide clear evidence of endeavours to get around the consequences of the bad faith registration of a famous mark.â€)
Indeed, if respondents in UDRP proceedings could always avoid liability by making changes after receipt of a UDRP complaint, the UDRP process would be ineffective. There is nothing to prevent Respondent from changing his websites back to the way they were previously once this action is concluded, or making his websites more deceptive, if Respondent is permitted to maintain control of the domains.
For that reason, UDRP proceedings properly focus on the content of the domain names themselves. Here the domain names at issue indicate that they are owned by Complainants, not that they are owned by an individual criticizing Complainants.
1Â Compare The Paxton Herald v. Millard, FA0207000114770 (Nat. Arb. Forum Aug. 21, 2002).
[b.] Respondentâ€™s Statement That Google â€“ and Not Respondent â€“ Is Responsible For the Way His Websites Appear to Consumers in Search Results is False.
One change Respondent hasÂ notÂ made since receiving the Complaint is to revise the headlines or â€œtitle tagsâ€ of his websites, which are displayed to internet users viewing Google search results. The title tags for Respondentâ€™s websites still include phrases such as:
Welcome to HerbertNevyasLasik.com!
Drs. Herbert Nevyas & Anita Nevyas-Wallace
Nevyas Eye Associates
Exhibits E and F to Complaint and attached Exhibit 1.
Respondent argues that the way his websites are listed has nothing to do with Respondentâ€™s actions and is a result of Googleâ€™s actions. However, Google explains that â€œtitle tagsâ€ like Respondentâ€™s are authored by website owners themselves.Â See, e.g.,
When Respondent created his website content, he alone selected the underlined phrases displayed above and in Google search results. These phrases authored by Respondent are part of his websitesâ€™ content and are one of the reasons his website content is misleading to consumers.
Respondent argues that â€œthis is a case about Internet gripe sitesâ€ but unlike gripe sites, such asÂ ThisNissanSucks.com, the domain names here give no indication that their purpose is criticism.
Respondent is also incorrect that no case can be made in this proceeding based on â€œinitial interest confusion.â€ Respondentâ€™s domain names themselves, coupled with misleading website content such as his â€œtitle tagsâ€ create initial interest confusion that causes prospective patients to unwittingly visit Respondentâ€™s websites, even if they later realize their mistake.Â See Council of American Survey v. Pinelands Web Services,Â D2002-0377 (WIPO July 19, 2002) (â€œRespondent may have a right to refer to the mark in critical content, the wholesale appropriation of Complainantâ€™s mark in a domain name, without any distinguishing material, creates confusion with Complainantâ€™s business and is not fair use merely for the purpose of criticismâ€¦No criticism is apparent from the domain name itself; it is not sufficient that the criticism may be apparent from the content of the site.â€)
Respondent essentially admits that his intention is to drive prospective patients of Complainants to his website and to cause harm to Complainantsâ€™ reputation and business, stating that â€œthe public has a right to know they are at risk when choosing services by claimant(s).â€
Response, at 3. Respondent also previously contacted Dr. Stephen Barrett, the Board Chairman of Quackwatch, Inc. (an organization dedicated to consumer protection and health fraud prevention), with his allegations regarding Complainants.Â SeeÂ Exhibit 2 (Emails from Dr. Barrett). Dr. Barrett remarked that he felt Complainants were reputable and that Respondentâ€™s current website may expose him to a libel suit and Respondent replied that his intention with the website was to put Complainants out of business.Â Id. Respondentâ€™s bad faith intent to disrupt Complainantsâ€™ business by causing consumer confusion could not be clearer.
[c.] The Litigation Respondent Describes Does Not Concern the Websites At Issue Here and His Statements Regarding Those Disputes Are Inaccurate and Irrelevant in This Proceeding.
It is unnecessary to detail the inaccurate statements made by Respondent regarding underlying disputes with Complainants here, because those statements have no relevance in this proceeding. To summarize, Respondent was unhappy with the results of his medical malpractice lawsuit against Complainants, because Complainants did not commit medical malpractice, and thereafter Respondent began carrying out his stated intention of putting Complainants out of business through internet gripe sites. However, Respondent crossed the line and violated the Policy when he began registering domains comprised of Complainantsâ€™ trademarks and including links to Complainantsâ€™ competitors on those websites.
Although the partiesâ€™ previous litigation also involves Respondentâ€™s websites, the litigation does not concern the domains at issue here. Complainantsâ€™ defamation claims against Respondent focused on Respondentâ€™s statements on the website.
www.lasiksucks4you.com, which is no longer owned by Respondent.
[d.] Respondent Has Not Shown A Legitimate Non-Commercial Fair Use of These Domains and His First Amendment Rights Are Not Implicated.
Finally, although Respondent asserts that he did not obtain click-through fees or any other commercial profit by advertising the services of Complainantsâ€™ competitors, this assertion is unsubstantiated by any evidence. The evidence shows that Respondentâ€™s websites link to Complainantsâ€™ competitors websites and those â€œhitsâ€ are tracked on Respondentâ€™s websites.Â SeeÂ Complaint attached Exhibits. He admits that he links to professionals in the field who may hope that viewers will choose their services and â€œ[m]ost Lasik websites are advertisements for having Lasik eye surgery.â€ Response, at 3. However, he argues â€œthat is not why Respondent Morgan has linked to them.â€Â Id.
Respondentâ€™s internal motivation in linking to these websites is irrelevant; it is sufficient that the disputed domains link to Complainantsâ€™ competitors. Furthermore, Respondent himself does not have to be a direct competitor of Complainants to have acted in bad faith.Â See St. Lawrence University v. Nextnet Tech c/o Domain Dept, FA0701000881234 (Nat. Arb. Forum Feb. 21, 2007) (â€œBy redirecting Internet users seeking information on Complainantâ€™s educational institution to competing websites, Respondent has engaged in bad faith registration and use pursuant to Policy Â¶ 4(b)(iii));Â Mission KwaSizabantu v. Rost, D2000-0279 (WIPO June 7, 2000) (defining â€œcompetitorâ€ as â€œone who acts in opposition to another and the context does not imply or demand any restricted meaning such as commercial or business competitorâ€);Â S. Exposure v. S. Exposure, Inc., FA 94864 (Nat. Arb. Forum July 18, 2000) (finding that the respondent registered the domain name in question to disrupt the business of the complainant, a competitor of the respondent);Â EBAY, Inc. v. MEOdesigns, D2000-1368 (WIPO Dec. 15, 2000) (finding that the respondent registered and used the domain name <eebay.com> in bad faith where the respondent has used the domain name to promote competing auction sites).
This action does not implicate Respondentâ€™s First Amendment rights or his ability to post critical statements regarding Complainants on any of the other domains he owns that do not contain Complainantsâ€™ trademarks, such as LasikDecision.com, FlawedLasik.com, etc. This action concerns only Respondentâ€™s ownership of the domain names NevyasLasik.com, AnitaNevyasLasik.com and HerbertNevyasLasik.com and his registration and use of those domains in violation of the Policy.
For the foregoing reasons, and the reasons described in Complainantsâ€™ Complaint, the NevyasLasik.com, HerbertNevyasLasik.com, and AnitaNevyasLasik.com domains should be transferred to Complainants.
Bryna S. Scott, Esq.
Alexis Arena, Esq.
1600 John F. Kennedy Blvd., Suite 200
Philadelphia, PA 19103
Attorneys for Claimants
Dated: August 4, 2010
RESPONDENT MORGANâ€™S REPLY TO COMPLAINANTSâ€™ ADDITIONAL SUBMISSION
Complainantsâ€™ Additional Submission, as their Complaint, consists of half-truths and worse. As but one example, consider complainantsâ€™ exhibit B, a July 16, 2010 letter to Alexis Arena from Stephen Barrett, MD, explained below:
In 2003 University of Cincinatti Law Professor James Oâ€™Reilly contacted me and asked me to post, on my website, his article on legal and regulatory problems involving LASIK eye surgery,Â and I agreed. After the Nevyases sued me, I asked professor Oâ€™Reilly to re-evaluate my website. He did, and prepared a declaration, which I posted online.
1 I, James T. Oâ€™Reilly, make this declaration to place this matter of record, subject to the penalties of 18 Pa.C.S.A. Â§4904 relating to unsworn falsification to public authorities. I declare that:
- My professional address is at the College of Law, University of Cincinnati, P.0 210040, Cincinnati, Ohio 45221-0040. 1 am a member of the Bar of Ohio and Virginia, the Sixth and Federal Circuits and the U.S. Supreme Court. I have taught law students regarding the law of medical devices, products liability and administrative law since 1980, and am the author of more than twenty textbooks and one hundred articles, and have appeared as an FDA law expert in federal and state courts, and have been quoted by the U.S. Supreme Court as an expert on medical device regulation. I understand that the federal regulation of the risks and benefits of medical devices such as LASIK equipment is a matter of substantial public concern and controversy.
I published my law review essay,Â AN EYE FOR AN EYE: FORESIGHT ON REMEDIES FOR LASIK SURGERYâ€™S PROBLEMS,Â at 71 U. Cin. L. Rev. 541 (2002), as part of our Faculty Scholarship symposium issue.
- I became aware of Mr. Morganâ€™s website, Lasiksucks4u.com, upon the unsolicited recommendation of a person in California who had read my law review article and encouraged me to read Mr. Morganâ€™s website comments. I found the material posted on Lasiksucks4u.com to be educational and useful, particularly for anyone considering having LASIK surgical procedures performed on themselves. I did an internet search using the google.com search engine and believe that the numerical majority of the dozens of sites listed there are commercial vendors of LASIK products or surgeons providing LASIK.
- After reviewing his site, I corresponded with Mr. Morgan and have encouraged Mr. Morgan to include my essay on his website, in order that persons considering Lasik may become aware of my perspective regarding various legal and regulatory problems involving LASIK surgery. I have provided Mr. Morgan with the electronic version of my essay for posting at his discretion. I have no financial interest in LASIK, have not been paid by Mr. Morgan or others related to LASIK, and had no prior knowledge of Mr. Morgan or of those to whom he makes reference in his website.
- Although my law review article is legal scholarship directed particularly toward lawyers, I hope its opinions can also be part of the wider education of the public, since I consider public education to be a major responsibility of the legal profession, particularly for legal academics. As a scholar recognized in the field of medical device and products liability law, the general publicâ€™s awareness of product risks is an extremely important aspect of our protections as members of American society.
- I believe that Mr. Morgan has an ample First Amendment right to exercise his freedom of speech on matters of public controversy, and to provide the public with information about LASIK, from his personally unique perspective as a victim.
Dated this 8th day of December, 2003 at Cincinnati, Hamilton County, Ohio.
Professor James Oâ€™Reilly
Stephen Barrett, MD then contacted professor Oâ€™Reilly,Â touted â€œQuackwatchâ€ and, without revealing his marriage to Herbert Nevyasâ€™ sister, castigated me, praised Herbert Nevyas, and asked professor Oâ€™Reilly to withdraw his declaration (emphasis added):
From: Stephen Barrett, M.D.
Sent: 12/31/2003Â 10:12 AMâ€¦
Dear Professor Oâ€™Reilly
I am writing in response to your declaration at http://www.lasiksucks4u.com/OReillydecl.htm.
I have followed the LASIK situation very carefully because I write a college textbook that helps people learn how to make intelligent decisions about health mattersâ€¦. About two months ago, Mr. Morgan notified me that he had created his site and expressed concern that I had an article by Dr. Nevyas on Quackwatch. (The article was prepared for my textbook.)â€¦. You seem to be under the impression that the purpose of the site is to warn people about the potential dangers of LASIK surgery and that it provides an appropriate warning.
However, it seems to me that the primary purpose of the site is to put Dr. Herbert Nevyas and his daughter Anita Nevyas-Wallace, MD (who operated on Mr. Morgan) out of business.â€¦.Â Dr. Herbert Nevyas is probably the most respected eye surgeon in Philadelphia.â€¦Â At the very least, you should withdraw your declarationâ€¦.
Stephen Barrett, M.D.
Board Chairman, Quackwatch, Inc.
NCAHF Vice President and Director of Internet Operations
P.O. Box 1747,
Allentown, PAÂ 18105
Telephone: (610) 437-1795
Professor Oâ€™Reilly investigated. He learned that Herbert Nevyas never did Lasik at any hospital, had ceased all hospital operations for over ten years, operated only in his own outpatient surgicenter, and advertised extensively. His operations were not subject to any peer review except by his wife (who never had an ophthalmology residency but was apprenticeship-trained by her husband). In turn, Herbert Nevyas did the â€œpeer reviewâ€ of his wife and daughter. This arrangement satisfied the law mandating peer review of outpatient surgicenters, but it also indicated that Dr. Barrettâ€™s â€œcollege textbook that helps people learn how to make intelligent decisions about health mattersâ€ did not value peer review. In preaching the virtues of â€œprobably the most respected eye surgeon in Philadelphiaâ€ to young college students in Allentown, a city merely 54 miles from Philadelphia (Rand-McNally), Dr. Barrett knowingly promoted a medical entrepreneur.
Professor Oâ€™Reilly decided that his declaration should not be withdrawn.. Dr. Barrett, after seven years and â€œfurther reflection,â€ andÂ still without revealing that he is married to Herbert Nevyasâ€™ sister, now writes Alexis Arena to purport, â€œI donâ€™t recall the exact words, but he made it clear that his intention was to put the Nevyasâ€™s out of business.â€
Conclusion â€“ a question:
When a large law firm submits â€œearwitnessâ€ testimony to a trier of fact without revealing that the â€œearwitnessâ€ is brother-in-law and uncle to complainants (seeÂ p. 3 of Complainantsâ€™ Additional Submission), have those lawyers fulfilled their duty of candor?
Dominic J. Morgan, Respondent
View the complete documentÂ HERE
On January 16, 2013, Morgan sent the following to Professor Wilson who opined his decision on behalf of the NAF, to which no response was received:
Dominic J. Morgan
Sent via email 01/16/2013
Professor Darryl C. Wilson Stetson University College of Law 1401 61st Street South, Suite 213 Gulfport, FL 33707 727 562 7882Â firstname.lastname@example.org
Dear Professor Wilson,
Your decision as with all decisions the National Arbitration Forum has ruled upon hopefully in the future should not entail prejudice to those filing the complaint.
In my response, I stated that complainants came before the forum with unclean hands and stand by my assertion, especially in light of the information I came upon in 2011:
The initial complaint was filed July 6, 2010. Less than 2 weeks after, 87 domains were registered by complainantâ€™s grandson/son Jonathan Wallace (please see attached) however none of this was ever presented to the NAF or the courts because I did not find out until after the complainants refused to litigate.
I believe the NAFâ€™s decision should be retracted however, it is highly unlikely due to the timeframe of this response and the prejudice shown by the NAF. Simply put, you and the forum have been duped. I hope in the future you rely on facts.
Dominic J. Morgan
In 2011, the Nevyas v. Morgan case finally went to trial in front ofÂ Judge Victor DiNubile. His final rulingÂ gave the Nevyases the injunctive relief theyâ€™ve sought for numerous years even after hearing testimony from Dr. Morris Waxler, former FDAÂ Director of Medical Devices (Superior Court Copy – PART1, PART2, PART3, PART4, PART5). Noted extensively were violations of the Nevyases and the illegalities of their investigational studyÂ and also ofÂ the FDA sending warning letters consistently about Nevyasesâ€™ violations, including one sent in 2012!
One of the first statements Judge DiNubile stated was that â€œhe was not re-addressing the March 2011 trialâ€. According to Morgan:
“He did however allow the Nevyases over 2 hours to put themselves up on their perpetual pedestal and issued this order. I disagree with Judge DiNubile for several reasons:
Per DiNubileâ€™s order: I had to remove the Nevyas laser was a â€œblack box laserâ€.
Morris Waxler (who was head of the medical devices panel at the FDA during my LASIK) testified at trial that the Nevyas laser was indeed a â€œblack boxâ€ laser. Both Nevyases perjured themselves at the contempt hearing stating it was not.
Per DiNubileâ€™s specific instructions,The letter I wrote to the American Academy of Ophthalmology was never introduced as evidence at trial or appeal. They may have stated but never argued the letter as defamatory, nor did DiNubile allow the email from Matthew TaroskyÂ to Jo Wills, whose husband was also damaged by the Nevyases to be presented at trial.
The March 2011 trial was never really about me. The only thing I believe the Nevyases were interested in was going after my ex attorneyâ€™s insurance company. They sued him for $1mil because I posted letters on my websites he wrote to the FDA on my behalf (They lost). The letters, all factual had been removed several years prior but I was still ordered by the courts to never repost them.
I was also ordered to remove (per DiNubileâ€™s specific instructions) that â€œthe Nevyases damaged my eyesâ€.
I testified at the contempt hearing that I have thousands of pages to back up every allegation made against the Nevyases and DiNubile ignored that as well.
The facts are in black and white and have been proven numerous times. The courts I believe only cared about getting rid of this case.”
Perhaps this lawsuit could have been avoided altogether if the laws in Philadelphia were fair and just in 2003. In March, 2014 Senator Lawrence M Farnese, Jr. received support from the Public Participation Project for support of Anti-Slapp Legislation PAÂ SB 95. reintroduced and passed in the Senate on April 24, 2017 (the House has yet to rule):
Section 1. The General Assembly finds and declares that there has been a disturbing increase in lawsuits brought primarily to chill the valid exercise of the constitutional rights of freedom of speech and petition for the redress of grievances. The General Assembly also finds and declares that it is in the public interest to encourage continued participation in matters of public significance and that this participation should not be chilled through abuse of the judicial process. This act is intended to grant immunity to those groups or parties exercising this right and shall be construed broadly.
Morgan believes the Philadelphia Court systemÂ was for the most part unfair, that the Federal Courts saw through what Philadelphia Courts could not or would not do:
“By time my med mal lawsuit went to trial, there was basically nothing left to sue for:
They continuously misrepresented facts to their Institutional Review Board (IRB), the FDA, and the Philadelphia and Federal Courts;
Were STILL protected by the FDA throughout and after their study even though there were numerous violations;
Withheld documents pertinent to this and the underlying med mal lawsuit;
Perjured themselves numerous times;
The Nevyases have a litigious history as noted in Superior Court Brief re Argus, most recently, a Qui Tam lawsuit (Nevyas v Allergan)Â as whistleblowers against Allergan. Allergan had to pay out $600mil in a priorÂ lawsuit, so as whistleblowers, the Nevyases stand to gain 30% of THIS settlement… gold digging?
They got away with damaging how many people violating federal rules, regulations, and protocols, how is anything they get away with fair?…”
ClickÂ PAGE #Â to open page in new window
Excerpt of my deposition in this case:
PAGE 1 – Cover page – My oral deposition in Morgan v. Nevyas.
PAGE 2 – “he (Dr. Herbert Nevyas) just basically told me to deal with it as far as the problems that I’m having with the sight, people lose (page 3) their sight every day, I’ll see you in eight months.”
PAGE 3 – “Q. Is this the first time that you had a conversation with Dr. Herbert Nevyas that caused you any concern or that you were upset about? A. No.”
PAGE 4 – “Q . I believe you were making complaints about your vision. You had mentioned during the prior testimony two indications where you were upset by conversations that you had with Dr. Herbert Nevyas. A. Yes.”
Excerpt of deposition of Anita Nevyas-Wallace in my case:
PAGE 1 – Cover page – Oral deposition of Anita Nevyas-Wallace in Morgan v. Nevyas.
PAGE 2 –
PAGE 3 – “Q. Did you use that protocol when you operated on Mr. Morgan? A. Yes.” “Q. Did you adhere to that protocol when you operated on Mr. Morgan? A. Yes.”
PAGE 4 – “Q. Are you saying that a history of retinopathy of prematurity is not a contraindication to LASIK surgery? A. That is correct.“
PAGE 5 – “Q. Did Mr. Morgan have a complication of LASIK surgery in either eye? A. No.” “Q. Did Mr. Morgan have an adverse event of LASIK surgery in either eye? A. No.”
PAGE 6 – “Q. Doctor, was the outcome of Mr. Morgan’s surgery reported to either the Institutional Review Board or the Food and Drug Administration? A. Yes.”
PAGE 7 – “Q. Now, do I understand from what you’ve told me that you reported the outcome of the LASIK surgery to the Food and Drug Administration, but that such report did not call it either a complication or an adverse event? A. Correct.“
PAGE 8 – “DR. FRIEDMAN: The reason we’re here is because of a lawsuit which he’s claiming that he had either a complication or adverse event MS. NEWMAN: I understand that, and she’s told you she doesn’t believe that it’s related to the surgery. DR. FRIEDMAN: It doesn’t say that. It says here, “Complications or adverse events that are observed by the investigator or reported by the subject.”
PAGE 9 – “A. To let people know that there is a possibility that they might be candidates to be more independent from their glasses and contact lenses. Q. And in that KYW advertisement what were the patients instructed to do to find out that information? A. I think they were instructed to call a phone number for more information.”
PAGE 10 – “Q. When you told him that his vision might drop, did you indicate to him how much it might drop? A. Yes. I told him he could lose one or both eyes or he could die.”
PAGE 11 – “Q. Doctor, if there is such a thing as focusing and Mr. Morgan focused and when he focused he did 100 percent of his focusing, you said that both the cornea and the lens were important for focusing. And I’m just asking you was the cornea responsible for 50 percent of his focusing, 75 percent, 99 percent? MS. NEWMAN: As compared only to the lens? DR. FRIEDMAN: As compared to the lens. MS. NEWMAN: If you can answer that question, you can do it. If you can’t, tell him. A. I can’t.”
PAGE 12 – “Q. Is it your understanding that Mr. Morgan has developed cataracts in his eyes since his LASIK surgery has occurred? Your understanding and I’m talking to the period up to the last time you saw Mr. Morgan in the Nevyas Eye Associates group, which was about almost two years after the surgery. A. Yes.”
PAGE 13 – “Q. During the time that you were seeing Mr. Morgan did you consider that there would be any other explanation other than cataracts? A. Yes. Q. And what did you consider? A. Considered retinal disease, considered optic nerve disease, considered corneal problems.”
Excerpt of deposition Anita Nevyas-Wallace in another case:
PAGE 1 – Cover page – Oral deposition of Anita Nevyas-Wallace in Fiorelli v. Nevyas.
PAGE 2 – “Have you ever been involved in a medical malpractice suit before? A. No.” (Comment – Deposition dated in this case was 5 months after I filed suit)
PAGE 3 – “Q. Have you ever discussed this lawsuit with Herbert Nevyas outside the presence of counsel? A. No.”
PAGE 4 –
PAGE 5 – “Q. That you were doing, well, just give me an idea of what you were doing in ’97? A. Corneal surgery, conjunctival surgery, refractive surgery, cataract surgery. Q. Refractive surgery, how much of your time was doing refractive procedures? A. About half.”
PAGE 6 – “Q. Yes. Well, who were you involved in training with there? Q. Who are her, not your peers, who are your superiors, professors? A. Let’s see. Theordore Krupin, William Frayer, Stephen Orlin, Alexander J. Brucker, James Ketowitv, David Schaffer.”
PAGE 7 – “Q. I just want to know everybody you can think of right now. And at MCP, the fellowship, Who were you involved with in training at MCP in your fellowship? A. At MCP that was supervised by the department chairman of ophthalmology, at that time, Herbert Nevyas M.D. Q. Herbert Nevyas is that your father? A. Yes.”
PAGE 8 – “Q. Now, the presentations that you’ve given, I did have one quick question on that. You have Nevyas Eye Associates Clinical Lecture Series, what’s that? A. Nevyas Eye Associates offers lectures for doctors in the community for educational purposes. Q. Was that in Existence in 1997? A. Yes. Q. Have you lectured regarding the lasik procedure? A. Yes.”
PAGE 9 – “Q. What I’d like to talk about is your experience and your training in lasik. When did you receive — describe for me your training in lasik? A. My training in lasik began with my training in ALK, Automated Lamellar Keratopiasty, a procedure in which the microkeratome is used to raise a thin flap of cornea and then the underlying keratoma is then reshaped using the microkeratome. I began to perform that operation in 1992. That operation was supplanted in our practice by lasik in 1995 and then after the flap was created we instead used, come 1995, a computer guided excimer laser to reshape the stromal bed instead of using the microkeratome to reshape the stromal bed. My training in automated lamellar keratoplasty consisted both of courses taken and time spent with surgeons who were experienced in this technique.”
PAGE 10 – “Q. 1995 you started to do lasik, the lasik procedure, did you have any additional training in using the lasik procedure? A. Yes. Q. And tell me about your training that you had in using lasik procedure? A. I had taken at least one course in using the laser, I think I took two.”
PAGE 11 – “Q. Did you have any training that involved actually performing the procedure using the laser? A. Perform lasik? Q. Performing lasik, A . I would have to — there’s not a simple answer to that. Q. Why not? A. Because we were performing lasik under IDE with the FDA before there were courses from that.”
PAGE 12 – “MS. NEWMAN: Let me object because if you’re talking about lasik, unless I’m mistaken, the only lasik procedure was in March of 1997 on Ms. Fiorelli. MR. KAFRISSEN: There are three lasik. MS. NEWMAN: Three lasik? THE WITNESS-: There was one lasik and two enhancements. MR. KAFRISSEN: Right. And my understanding is that those were lasik enhancements, right? THE WITNESS: Lasik enhancements.”
PAGE 13 – “Q. So tell me ’95 to 97 tell me what do you consider to be postoperative symptoms, you told me postoperative is things patient experience, what is that, explain it? A. Postoperative symptoms include loss of best corrective visual acuity. Need I explain what that is? Q. Sure? A. Best corrective visual acuity means the best vision the patient is able to get with glasses or contact lenses. Q. Okay. A. And loss of best corrective visual acuity means that even with glasses or contact lenses the patient can’t see as well before — after surgery, as he did before surgery so that’s the loss of best corrective visual acuity. Q.Anything else? A. Sure. Glare, halo symptoms, star burst. Q.Okay. A. Undercorrection, overcorrection. Q. Okay. A. Foreign body sensation. I can’t think of any others. Q. The post operative symptoms, would you agree with me, that they can be caused by surgical complications? A. They can.”
PAGE 14 – “Q. When you perform a lasik procedure and it’s on a patient that is referred to you by an optometrist, does the optometrist receive any portion of the fee charged to the patient for the lasik procedure? A. Sometimes.”
PAGE 15 – “Q. How did they know that? A. They had her cover one eye and read the eye chart and she could read down to the 20/70 line — Q. Okay. A. — with her glasses on. And then we cover the other eye and she was able to get two letters on the next line so it’s going to be 70+2.”
PAGE 16 – “Q. Did you make any decision as to whether Cheryl could wear contact lenses again at no time, at any point in the future? A. At that visit? Q. At that visit. A. No.”
PAGE 17 –
PAGE 18 – “Q. Prior to any of the surgery that you performed, am I correct that the astigmatism Cheryl had in both eyes was correctable with spectacles? A. I’m not sure I can answer that.”
PAGE 19 – “Q. How does an irregular astigmatism occur during the lasik procedure, how can it occur? A. Certain flap-complications can result in an irregular astigmatism.”
PAGE 20 – “Q. And if you can just explain to me why this vision with correction differs from the vision that you came up with, with the refraction? A. First, I should mention that, that is Dr. Sterling’s refraction, not my own.”
PAGE 21 –
PAGE 22 – “Q. And what did you tell her? A. I told her that best she could expect is vision as good as she gets with her glasses only without her glasses and that it might not be as good as that, but that was the best she could hope for. And that she might require a thin glass or a contact lens to give her better vision.”
PAGE 23 – “Q. Okay. What did you talk about? A… Q. Okay, A. I told her that of the serious and rare complications, the first one to consider is infection. That with any operation anywhere in the body there is a risk of infection and that there’s a possibility of getting an infection with an organism for which we have no antibiotic and that the eye could be lost. And she said to me, you mean I could go blind? And I said, yes, but I can’t say that’s the worst thing that could happen because you could die, nobody’s died yet, but you could be the first.”
“Q. Okay. So tell me what could she see with her glasses prior to the lasik 3/20 surgery in the right Eye? A. 20/70, Q. And in her left eye what could she see with her glasses? A. 20/70+2.”
PAGE 24 – “Q. And there’s nothing in here about discussion of the risks, the complications, any of that type of thing, am I correct that there is nothing in your note about that? A. There is a very important phrase in that note. Q. Okay. A. Discussed in detail. Normally, I would only write discussed and that means, I went through risk complications, my entire speech. And then after I got done with that and I had written discussed in detail, if you look in the actual chart the slant of the letters is different after discussed in detail.”
PAGE 25 – “A. The only clue in the chart is that I said, reevaluate 10 weeks and then I said return 2/18 that – she had persuaded me to at least — not insist that she simply spend a month without lenses and that we’d take a look sooner and see whether she could possibly put them in sooner.”
PAGE 26 – “Q. Okay. Did you, my question was, document it when she said it? A. No. Q. What we have is your independent recollection of that conversation? A. Yes. Q. And your interpretation of a questionnaire filled out in May 1991; is that accurate? A. My recollection, yes.” (Comment – Deposition dated in this case was 2000, 9 years later)
PAGE 27 – “Q. Are there any records that you see written by someone at Nevyas Eye Associates that documents a glare problem before you saw her in 1997? A. No. Q. Are there any documents that you see from Nevyas Eye Associates that documents a halo problem prior to your seeing her in 1997? A. No.”
PAGE 28 – “Q. Did you document anywhere that the patient said she had problems with glare or halos prior to the surgery?Â A. No. Q. Okay. Now, did you document anywhere that she had problems with star burst prior to the surgery? A. No. Q. Did she tell you she had problem with star burst before surgery? A. I don’t recall.”
PAGE 29 – “Q. Let me ask you this then, the bill, were all of the services you rendered throughout the entire course of treatment to Cheryl Fiorelli necessary services? MS. NEWMAN: Did she need them? Were they necessary? THE WITNESS: Is elective surgery — I don’t know what elective surgery falls under.”
PAGE 30 – “Q. Tell me what part of it is documented here? A. I have discussed matters in detail with Ms. Fiorelli. Discussed in detail means that in itself, in detail. MS. NEWMAN: Just tell him what you said. THE WITNESS: She is interested in having refractive surgery, and we discussed the lasik procedure. She understands that her best spectacle corrected acuity is in the 20/60 to 20/70 range and that is the expected postoperative best corrected acuity as well.” (Comment – The Nevyases’ Study protocol stipulates 20/40 or better.)
PAGE 31 – “Q. When you say negative 12, I think we had discussed earlier her refraction was around negative 15? A. Minus 14 when she was refracted on March 3rd when I refracted her.”
PAGE 32 – “Q. All of your visits up to his point, where were you seeing Cheryl at, physically? A. I’m not sure they were all at the same office. Q. Were you employed at the time? Are you an employee of Nevyas Eye Associates at the time that you were seeing Cheryl? A. Yes. Q. Tell me where are Nevyas Eye Associates offices, where sere they then? A. Actually, I can answer your first question. I was seeing her at our Bala Cynwyd office, that is where all the visits are.”
PAGE 33 – “Q. The information on this sheet was the programming for the laser, the instructions for the laser’s programming, are they made by you, were they made by you for Cheryl Fiorelli? A. The instructions for the laser’s programing were made by me. Q. Did you get this sheet at some point before the surgery? A. Yes. Q. And did you review it? A. Yes.”
PAGE 34 – “Q. Did you consider Cheryl a good candidate for lasik? A. I considered her a good candidate with some — as long as she was aware of the things that I mentioned.”
“MS. NEWMAN: Well, it’s clear that she’s got a best corrected visual acuity of 20/70. She said that she considered herself — Dr. Nevyas-Wallace said that the plaintiff considered herself a high handicap with glasses other than what’s already been discussed.”
PAGE 35 – “Q. Okay. My question was, was there any standard within the medical community that you were aware of in 1997? Is it your testimony that the standard was to negative 24 or is it your testimony that some doctors were out there doing it? A. Standard worldwide at that time was in the 20 to 22 diopter range.” (Comment – See the Nevyases’ Study protocol.)
“Q. No, what? A. No. I didn’t measure cornea thickness. Q. Okay. A. Prior to that surgery. Q. Prior to the lasik on 3/20? A. Correct. Q . Why not? A. That was not standard of care in 1997. Q. You just said that it wasn’t standard of care to measure cornea thickness in 1997, is it your testimony that regardless of what the vision of the patient you were dealing with was, you would have to measure corneal thickness?”
PAGE 36 – “Q. Ultrasonic pachymetry. Did you have the capacity to perform ultrasonic pachymetry in your office? A. Yes. Q. Did you have that capacity prior to February of 1997? A. Yes. Q. For how long prior to 1997 did you have that capacity in your office? A. We had optical pachymetry since the 1960’s and ultrasonic pachymetry since 1990.”
Excerpt of deposition of Herbert Nevyas in my case:
PAGE 1 – Cover page – Oral deposition of Herbert Nevyas in Morgan v. Nevyas
PAGE 2 – “Q: As far as the KYW information that was broadcast on the air, what time frame did that run from? A: I don’t remember-There was very little. We had a few â€” I think we had some advertising on KYW to let people know what we were doing as far back as ’93 or ’94 and I’m not sure what was done in the next couple of years. I really don’t recall. I’m not even sure there was much around that time, if any, I think â€” if I think back to ’94 or ’95, we had some advertising at that time. I don’t think there was later.”
PAGE 3 – “Q: How did you get approved for laser surgery if they didn’t have a laser? A: By taking courses that they gave. They may have been using a laser at a laser center. I’m not sure. This was some years ago. to be certain, I’m referring to formal hospital privileges and not â€” A: I’m not sure. I don’t recall whether it was formal hospital privileges or whether it was their approval for using the Summit laser at that time. I do not recall. I had no intention of using it, so I don’t remember.”
PAGE 4 – “Q: Do you know if Dr. Nevyas-Wallace has performed LASIK at any hospital?” “A: I don’t know. Not as far as I know, let’s put it that way. Not as far as I know.”
PAGE 5 – “Q: In all of the meetings and courses that you’ve attended, has there been any mention of any patient who had LASIK who had a similar condition to Mr, Morgan?” “MS. KRAMER: I’m going to object to the form and ask if you can define “similar condition.” “Q. A similar condition would be a history of retinopathy of prematurity with a large positive angled kappa.” “A: Not to my recollection.”
PAGE 6 – “Q: Doctor, do you have any income earned as an ophthalmologist that comes to you other than via Nevyas Eye Associates or Nevyas Eye Associates of New Jersey? MR. LAPAT: Objection. MS. NEWMAN: Objection. MS. KRAMER: You can answer it. A: Income earned as an ophthalmologist that comes to me? That is assuming that I have income earned as an ophthalmologist that comes to me from the corporation. The answer is no. Q: Doctor, do you have income from the Nevyas Eye Associates or Nevyas Eye Associates of New Jersey? MR. LAPAT: Objection. Again, that has no bearing on this litigation. A: Probably not, no. Q: They don’t pay you? A: No.”
PAGE 7 – “Q: What was the purpose of working with MDTV?” “A: They were going to make a video which we could use to show our patients, give them some idea of the refractive surgery we do, and they were going to put it on some public access channels to show people what we were doing.”
PAGE 8 – “Q: Are you familiar with the requirements for driving a car, the requirements I am talking as far as vision for driving a car in Pennsylvania, what they are? A: Pretty much.”
“Did you ever tell Mr. Morgan that he should not drive? A: I don’t think so. I don’t recall that.” (Comment – 7 years after this deposition Herbert wrote a letter to NJ DMV (I believe as an act of vindication) to make sure my license was revoked.)
PAGE 9 – “Q: Did you consider the possible diagnoses of malingering, hysteria, nuclear sclerosis or a physical problem that is retinal as being a complication of LASIK surgery? A: No. Q: Did you consider malingering, a physical problem that is retinal, hysteria or nuclear sclerosis as being an adverse event following LASIK surgery? MR. LAPAT: Objection. MS. KRAMER: Go ahead.You can answer. A: Absolutely not.”
PAGE 10 – “Q: If the patient, when examined preoperatively, doesn’t show any evidence of nuclear sclerosis â€” I’ m not sure I understood your answer. Does that mean you could anticipate nuclear sclerosis? A: No, we would anticipate it by examining him, and if we saw it developing, not operate him. Q: I take it since he was operated that it wasn’t seen? A: It was not. It seemed to be developing now afterwards. It has been several years.“
PAGE 11 – “Q: Doctor, do you see that, “No change in ghost image with hard contact lenses”? A: Yes. Q: Are you able to identify who wrote that note? A: That is Dr. Anita Wallace.That is the first mention I see of a ghost image.There is no complaint of a ghost image. She just said that there is no change in any. I don’t even know that there were any.”
Excerpt of deposition of Herbert Nevyas in another case:
PAGE 1 – Cover page – Oral deposition of Herbert Nevyas in Fiorelli v. Nevyas
PAGE 2 –
PAGE 3 – “Q. And my understanding, from Anita’s deposition, is that Anita is your daughter?” “A. Anita’s my daughter. Other than to say it’s a pity that this woman has resorted to lawsuits, that’s all. We haven’t discussed the facts of the case at all.”
PAGE 4 –
PAGE 5 – “Q. Was corneal thickness a factor in planning the Lasik surgery prior to March of 1997?” “A. I really don’t know if it was a factor or not. Obviously, the gross appearance of the cornea was. I do not have in the record here — perhaps you have it; I’m not sure, since I didn’t see the patient initially –“
PAGE 6 –
PAGE 7 – MS. POST: Objection to the form. If you know.” “A THE WITNESS: The purpose of the procedure was the same as any of myopic Lasik procedure: to relieve the patient of the myopia, which made her dependent upon glasses or contact lenses, and in her case made her absolutely blind and helpless without an optical prosthesis.”
PAGE 8 – “Q. Okay. There is a note on the operative form about the laser keratome stopping on its forward and its backward pass.” “A. Yes.”
PAGE 9 – “Q. Can you tell me what significance, if any, the fact that the keratome is recorded as having stopped three-quarters of the way on forward and one-quarter of the way on the backward pass?” “THE WITNESS: The significance is that the microkeratome that was in use at that time, and is still in use pretty widely, had a gear system which could sometimes hang up momentarily, and if the laser hesitates, it could create some unevenness in the cut making the corneal flap. The significance here is that it stopped toward — I don’t know — the three-quarters was recorded either by the nurse or the optometrist who was assisting, who obviously couldn’t be looking in the microscrope, -but it looked to them as if it hesitated when it was pretty well through the pass and, therefore it would have no significance really except to, you know, we note everything that happens in the procedure. No clinical significance.”
PAGE 10 – “Q. Is there any indication in the record or in the notes that Cheryl was not looking at the light?” “A. There’s no way we could know. We have to tell her what to do and then we can only tell by the topography whether her optical axis was indeed lined up with the laser beam center.”
PAGE 11 – “Q Okay. Do you know why the lensectomy on the left eye was done seven days after the Lasik on the right eye?” “A. Well, from the record, I gather the patient was unhappy with the imbalance now and wanted to get something done on the other eye, and why it was done as a lensectorny rather than as a Lasik, I could give you my assumptions but I don’t recall discussing it.”
PAGE 12 – “MR. KAFRISSEN: What he testified to is that he couldn’t recall exactly what he did during this surgery but here are the things that the doctor normally does as an assistant.” “THE WITNESS: I must take exception. These are things I might have done as an assistant. Other people might have done them too.”
PAGE 13 – “Had you ever discussed her between the previous surgery and May I5 surgery with Doctor Nevyas Wallace?” “A. Probably there was some discussion but I don’t recall. Most likely, Doctor Nevyas-Wallace told me what the situation was and what she had planned, but I don’t recall that specifically. She may have mentioned it to me, but she is quite expert on her own and I do not monitor each thing she does. In fact, she’s got a national and international reputation particularly in the interpretation of elevation topographies.”
PAGE 14 – “Q. Okay. With regard to the left eye, as of May 21 27, 1997, what was your assessment?” “A. I have nothing there except that it looked normal. I didn’t note any abnormalities. I would have noted abnormalities.”
PAGE 15 – “Q. Okay. Did the second enhancement have the desired effect as of 7/11/1997?” “A. I haven’t testified what the desired effect was. I think you should ask Doctor Wallace exactly what she was hoping to accomplish. It looks like, from her record, that the vision was much better and refractive error was reduced. She had very little astigmatism and essentially no refractive error. If that’s what she was aiming to accomplish, then she was successful.”
PAGE 16 – “Q. Let me get — I’ll get to that in one minute. Did you note that the lens was decentered prior to the July 14 surgery?” “A. No.” “MS. POST: Did he make any notation that it was?” “MR. KAFRISSEN: Yes.”
PAGE 17 – “Q. And what was her overall assessment?” “A. She had very strange complaints. I have vague complaints, Estonopia(ph) is a term that we use for somatic complaints being expressed visually.” “Q. Meaning?” “A. That is, complaints that may not be based in physical problems but perhaps in mental problems. It was my impression that she had a lot of complaints beyond what I could see a base for, and some people express their anxieties in terms of physical complaints, and I felt that hers was perhaps somewhat that.”
PAGE 18 – “Q. Do you have any recollection of any discussions between you and Cheryl Fiorelli at any time, either the specific discussion or just generally?” “A. I’m sure I talked to -her when I saw her. I don’t recall much except that she appeared to be an anxious person who seemed to have complaints in excess of what I could find physically. She was always complaining. I do remember that, but we tried our best to try to remedy her complaints.”
PAGE 19 – “MR. KAFRISSEN: I’m asking from his review of the record that was from his office that he produced, did he have any reason to suspect or believe or any information that there were erroneous entries or misstatements of fact in the records.” “THE WITNESS: Absolutely not.”
note: Dr. Orlin was expert witness for Drs. Herbert Nevyas and Anita Nevyas-Wallace in several of lawsuits. Below are his opinions in my lawsuit and transcript of video testimony in the Wills v Nevyas lawsuit.
AffidavitÂ regarding LASIK and Retinopathy of Prematurity (ROP)
AFFIDAVIT OF DR. STEPHEN ORLIN
This affidavit is from Dr. Stephen Orlin, an expert witness ofÂ Drs. Herbert Nevyas and Anita Nevyas-WallaceÂ in several lawsuits. He clearly states “Retinopathy of Prematurity, in and of itself, is not a contraindication to LASIK surgery”. It also states as an expert of the Nevyases, that my retinas were “healthy” for practical purposes of LASIK.
AFFIDAVIT IN RICH TEXT:
I, Stephen Orlin, M.D., do affirm the following:
1. I have been made aware of the statements made by plaintiff’s counsel that the brochures that I give to patients state that they must have healthy retinas free from disease in order to have LASIK. (See Plaintiff’s Reply to Motion in Limine to Preclude Testimony of Plaintiff’s Experts (Frye) of Dr.Â Anita Nevyas-Wallace.)
2. The statement made in that brochure is being taken out of context by plaintiff’s counsel.
3. The statement made in that brochure does not apply to stable retinas, such as the retinas of the plaintiff at the time that he underwent LASIK surgery by Dr. Anita Nevyas-Wallace.
4. Mr. Morgan’s retinas were “healthy” for the purposes described in the brochure.
5. Retinopathy of prematurity, in and of itself, is not a contraindication to LASIK surgery.
6. There is and was absolutely no literature, either in 1998 up and through to the present, stating that retinopathy of prematurity, in and of itself, is a contraindication to LASIK surgery. Moreover, there have not been any animal studies performed to indicate that retinopathy of prematurity, in and of itself, is a contraindication to LASIK surgery, and no indication in this case that Anita Nevyas-Wallace, M.D. was using the plaintiff as a “guinea pig” as asserted by plaintiff’s counsel.
7. I stand by my previously expressed opinions as set forth in my previous reports in this case.
Stephen Orlin, M.D.
As Noted by Drs. James Salz, Terrence O’Brien, & Kenneth Kenyon regarding myself and two other LASIK casualties.
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DR. SALZ’ REPORTS
The following reports were after seeing Dr James Salz, who afterwards became an expert in my medical malpractice lawsuit against my LASIK doctors. These are his reports, and are filed with the Philadelphia courts:
This was what was determined after waiting for all of the medical reports to come together, as was reported from my attorney to the arbitrator:
1. After LASIK, Mr. Morgan saw Nevyas-Wallace’s group for almost 2 years, as well as several other ophthalmologists, seeking to correct his worsened vision. The records confirm that Dominic told Nevyas-Wallace and the other ophthalmologists what each told him, that Dominic obtained some copies of records to take from one to the other, and that sometimes the ophthalmologists wrote or telephoned each other, but no ophthalmologist had copies of all the medical records from all the other ophthalmologists.
2. The only persons to review copies of the entire medical records appear to be Dr. O’Brien (after he became an expert) and Dr. Salz. One cannot be certain what Dr. Orlin and Dr. Willis reviewed.
The early post-LASIK period:
3. Nevyas-Wallace initially told Dominic that all his problems were temporary and would pass with time, first 3 to 6 months, then 6 to 12 months. Meanwhile, Nevyas-Wallace wrote in the records that there were problems in centering the laser ablation during the left eye LASIK procedure (operative note 4/23/98), with resultant temporal decentration in the left eye (medical records 4/27/98, 5/4/98), and nasal decentration in the right eye (medical record 7/6/98).
4. Three other ophthalmologists seeing Dominic Karen Fung, M.D. (medical record 8/3/98), John Dugan, M.D. (medical record 8/25/98), and Michael Belin, M.D. (medical record 1/25/99) told Dominic and wrote that they were concerned with LASIK causing decentration problems. Dr. Dugan sent Dominic to Dr. Laibson. [see telephone call note to Laibson’s partner Dr. Rapuano in Laibson records] Dr. Dugan also sent Dominic to Johns Hopkins, [deposition Dugan p. 73] and after Dr. Dugan talked with Dr. Guyton (see below, on 6/19/00) he wrote both that he was uncertain, as well as writing about decentration.
The later post-LASIK period:
5. Peter Laibson, M.D. wrote (letter 2/23/99): “I think it is either a retinal problem (you are familiar with his past history of regressed retinopathy of prematurity with peripheral lattice degeneration) or possibly other factors, which are not obvious on the objective examination.”
When deposed, Dr. Laibson would not answer all pertinent questions. Asked by defendants if LASIK was responsible for Dominic’s loss of visual acuity, Dr. Laibson said that Dominic*s problems were more than the LASIK flaps [deposition Laibson p. 20-21] and “I can say that the LASIK surgery looked like it was done appropriately; and that as far as visual loss is concerned, I don’t know how to answer that question.” [deposition Laibson p.24, 25] When asked again by defendants if LASIK was responsible for Dominic’s loss of visual acuity, he said, “I don’t know.”[deposition Laibson p.26] When further pressed by defendants, he rephrased the question to avoid answering what was asked: “I felt it was not likely that if he really did have 20/40 that the LASIK was responsible for the reduction in vision to 20/70.” [deposition Laibson p.27, emphasis added] When plaintiff’s attorney asked, “Doctor, would you consider the use of the suction cup and the increased intraocular pressure as one of the other factors that you’re referring to?” he answered, “I have no comment on that” [deposition Laibson p.38] and later, “I’m not an expert.”[deposition Laibson p 43] He explained that the cornea alone could not explain Dominic’s problem, so there had to be another problem. [deposition Laibson p 55-56]
6. Nevyas-Wallace wrote (medical record 3/8/99): “Phone call from patient…He says Dr. Michael Belin and Dr. Peter Laibson each said the cornea looks fine and that the problem must be retinal.” Thereafter Nevyas-Wallace continued to assure Dominic that his problems would clear up with time, but what was written in Nevyas-Wallace’s medical records changed.
7. Sheldon Morris, M.D. when asked specifically if cataracts were present, wrote there were no significant cataracts and Low VA [visual acuity] related to retinal problems.”[medical record 4/17/00] At deposition Dr. Morris said he did not know if the retinal problems were worsened by the LASIK procedure or independent of LASIK. [deposition Morris p. 22]
8. Nevyas-Wallace wrote (medical record 4/26/99): “Impression: Retinal problem. Rule out hysteria.”
9. Paul Beer, M.D. wrote (letter 7/21/99): “The explanation that was raised by one of the previous consultants, that his refractive surgery is not aligned with the physical location of his macula, may be very reasonable.”
10(A). Nevyas-Wallace wrote (medical record 7/26/99): “Impression: Topography shows central ablation, and no increase (in vision) with contact lens. Therefore, problem is retinal.”
10(B). Nevyas-Wallace wrote (medical record 10/11/99): “Impression: Discussed in detail – that as per Drs. Laibson, O’Brien, and Belin, the cornea and topography are excellent and that slight drop in visual acuity is symptomatic with marginal acuity at the onset. Also that retinal factors including retinopathy of prematurity likely to be responsible.” This implied that retinal factor other than retinopathy of prematurity were present, and Nevyas-Wallace repeated her implication [deposition Nevyas-Wallace p. 212]: “I discussed matters in detail and I explained to him that I agreed with Dr. Laibson and Dr. O’Brien and Dr. Belin in their assertions that both the appearance of the cornea and the corneal topography are excellent and that slight drop in visual acuity is symptomatic and that retinal factors, including his retinopathy of prematurity, are likely to be responsible.”
11. Eugene DeJuan, M.D. wrote for diagnoses: “Question of optical phenomena and retinal degeneration or ischemia secondary to vacuum [cup for LASIK].” (Johns Hopkins medical record 11/29/99)
12. David Fischer, M.D. wrote (letter 3/3/00): “The more insidious causes of diminished vision concern the retina which your LASIK surgeons felt were the culprit. Your fluorescein angiogram was felt to be normal as were your visual fields. The ERG showed mild retinal dysfunction, cause to be determined. During LASIK procedures a suction cup is placed on the eye causing increased intraocular pressures. Could this be a factor as a long-term optic neuropathy which may also be related to your retinopathy of prematurity? I’m afraid these are questions that I cannot answer and I’m hopeful that the doctors at Johns Hopkins can elicit these answers for you.”
13. David Guyton, M.D. saw Dominic at Johns Hopkins in June 2000. Dr. Guyton stated, “I could say from that that the refractive surgery wasn’t the only thing which was decreasing his vision.” [Guyton deposition p. 19] When Dr. Guyton was asked by defendant, “What amount is it would not be related to Lasik then, over from where to where?” he explained that LASIK was responsible for the decrease to 20/70 and postulated cataracts (unrelated to LASIK) for 20/70 to 20/125. [Guyton deposition p. 20-21] Dr. Guyton stated that he deduced cataracts by a process of elimination [Guyton deposition p. 45] since they were barely visible, and suggested waiting [two years] to see if there would be any progression. Absent progression he felt cataracts could not be part of Dominic’s visual problem. (letter 6/19/00 and deposition pp. 22, 23, 38, 39).
14. The other two Johns Hopkins doctors, Eugene DeJuan, M.D. (with his fellow, Joseph Harlan, M.D.) and Terrence O’Brien, M.D., did not believe the barely visible cataracts were significant, but did not regard waiting as unreasonable.
15. Defense expert Dr. Orlin examined Dominic 1/30/02 and stated, “over the past two years, these [cataracts] have remained minimal and non-progressive,” [Orlin report 6/12/02, p. 2] and neither he nor defense expert Dr. Willis suggested any significant visual loss from cataracts.
16. When plaintiff’s expert Dr. Salz examined Dominic 4/27/02, almost 2 years after Dr. Guyton, there still was no cataract progression. Dr. Salz reported no cataract problems, and was then able to conclude with medical certainty that Dominic’s problems were causally related to decentered laser ablation, and retinal and optic nerve damage.
17. Terrence O’Brien, M.D., having waited 2 years after Dr. Guyton, agreed with Dr. Salz and became a plaintiff expert. All experts’ reports were “set aside” in determining outcome of arbitration.
Beverly Hills Eye Medical Group, Inc.12561 Promontory RoadLos Angeles, Ca. 90049Phone 323 653-3800 Fax 310 472-4244April 27,2002
Steven A. Friedman, M. D. Physician and Attorney at Law 850 West Chester Pike, 1st Floor Havertown, PA 19083
RE: Dominic Morgan’s examination on 4/27/02
Dear Dr. Friedman:
As you requested, I have examined your client and this report will summarize my findings.
History Mr. Morgan stated that his best-corrected visual acuity was never better than 20/50 on numerous previous examinations secondary to his retinopathy of prematurity. The 20/50 visual acuity was confirmed on his driver test examination. He also stated that he went to the Nevyas Eye Center because he heard a radio commercial on KYW. He was told he was a ” good candidate” for LASIK despite his ROP. After surgery on his left eye he complained about the quality of his vision and problems with his night vision and was told that it was normal at that stage and would improve with time. These assurances were the reason he consented to surgery on his right eye.
His current complaints include the following: vision fluctuates a great deal, some days worse than others and changes during the same day depending on lighting conditions; cannot see to drive at night; he still has a driver’s license but has essentially given up driving; at dusk, everything becomes even more blurry and he sees starbursts around lights; during the day he gets by OK, cannot read road signs but he feels he could drive in familiar areas; all these symptoms are worse in his right eye, especially at night.
Uncorrected visual acuity OD 20/100 +2, OS 20/100 –
VA with present glasses OD -1.00 -0.50 x 11 = 20/100, OS -0.75 -0.25 x 26 = 20/80 -1
Refraction OD -0.50 -0.50 x 90 = 20/80 +, OS -1.50 = 20/80 +
Cycloplegic refraction OD -0.50 -0.50 x 90 = 20/100 with triple images of chart letters
OS – 1.25 = 20/100 with triple images of chart letters
Keratometry OD 41.50/41.75 x 107 clear mires, OS 42.25/42.62 x 90 clear mires Pupil diameter in dark room with pupilscan OD 6.4mm OS 6.5 mm Pachymetry OD .46 mm OS .48 mm
Slit lamp examinationâ€”clear corneas with well-healed LASIK flaps OU, normal pupils, no afferent pupil defect, lens shows faint trace nuclear sclerosis in the posterior half of the lens nucleus while the anterior half is clear.
Fundus examination with pupils dilated, both direct and indirect reveals hypoplastic optic nerves with essentially no cup and no obvious pallor OU, prominent temporal peri-papillary atrophy and temporal displacement of macula OU
Humphrey Topography shows relatively small but well centered ablations in both eyes with the lower end of the ablation at the edge of the photopic pupil of about 3 mm. The corneal irregularity measurements are increased to 2.63 OD and 2.49 OS (normal up to 1.5) copy enclosed
Wavescan readings with the Alcon Humphrey System are included. These were performed with normal lighting with pupils of 4.59 mmOD and 4.23mm OS and again with pupils dilated to more closely simulate night conditions when the pupils were 7.6mm OD and 7.4mm OS. The defocus and astigmatism readings with the smaller pupil are quite normal and agree with the minor residual refractive error in both eyes. Both of these values increase with larger pupils because the unablated area of the cornea is measured and this simply reflects the relatively small ablation diameters. The most common aberrations following LASIK are Coma and Spherical Aberration and these values are acceptably low with pupils of about 4.5 mm. For example the spherical aberration for OD is 0.38 OD and 0.16 OS. When the pupils are dilated simulating night conditions, spherical aberration increases to 2.33 OD and 1.72 OS. This represents almost a six-fold increase for OD and a tenfold increase for OS.
Comment: Mr. Morgan has been examined by several highly qualified experts since his LASIK surgery in an attempt to explain the decrease in his best-corrected visual acuity. The possible mechanisms include retinal damage, optic nerve damage, a combination of both; optical problems related to positive angle kappa and an ablation centered over the pupil, and early cataract changes. Based on my examination, I attribute his loss of vision to a combination of all except the cataract. I do not feel the minimal lens opacity is sufficient to explain his loss of vision. This would not explain why his vision became worse immediately after the surgery in both eyes. Dr. Guyton suggested the minimal cataracts as a possible explanation in June of 2000 and suggested that if the cataracts were at fault we would expect to see progression in the lens changes and further decrease in his visual acuity. It is almost 2 years since that exam and today, his visual acuity was better than the 20/125 recorded by Dr. Guyton and the lens changes are still minimal so this goes against the thought that the cataracts are at fault.
Mr. Morgan’s increased night symptoms are readily explained by the small ablation diameters evident on his topography combined with the fact that his scotopic pupils are about 6.5 mm. The dramatic increase in his spherical aberration in both eyes when his pupils are dilated correlates well with his subjective complaints. The spherical aberration is also higher in the right eye and he has more complaints about his night vision in that eye.
signature on original scanned document Nevyas v. Morgan
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Nevyas’ Deviation From Standard of Care – Terrence O’Brien
DR. TERRENCE O’BRIEN’S REPORTS CONCERNING MY CASE:
The following reports were after seeing Dr Terrence O’Brien, a leading Lasik specialist, who afterwards became an expert in my medical malpractice lawsuit against Drs. Herbert Nevyas and Anita Nevyas-Wallace. These are his reports, and are filed with the Philadelphia courts.
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Terrence P. O’Brien, M.D. Associate Professor of Ophthalmology External Diseases and Cornea Director, Ocular Microbiology Director, Refractive Eye Surgery The Eye Surgery Center at Green Spring Stettin 10753 Falls Road, Suits 305 Lutheivilte, MD 21093 410-S83-2820/FAX 410-583-2842 Email: tobrien@jhmi.Â«du
June 7, 2002
Steven A. Friedman, M.D., J.D.
850 West Chester Pike, 1st Floor Havertown, PA 19083
RE: MORGAN, DOMINIC JHH: 4-3200368
Dear Dr. Friedman:
I have had the opportunity to carefully review in detail all of the medical records related to Dominic Morgan’s care, including the recent defense medical exam provided by Dr. Steven Orlin in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, as wel! as the comprehensive ocular evaluation conducted by Dr. James Salz in Los Angeles, California. In addition, I reviewed the MD-TV videotape “Infomercial Transcript” that Dr. Anita Nevyas-Wallace used to promote the “Nevyas Excimer Laser” without providing information to viewers regarding the investigational status of the Excimer laser with the FDA.
In review of Dr. Salz’ extensive examination and conclusions, I am of the opinion in complete agreement with Dr. Salz to the best degree of medical probability that the care rendered by Dr. Anita Nevyas-Wallace on behalf of Dominic Morgan fell below standard for LASIK surgery at the time. Indeed, I completely agree with Dr. Salz that Dr. Nevyas-Nevyasx failed to appropriately screen Mr. Morgan and exclude him as a viable candidate for LASIK surgery based on his extensive prior ophthalmologic history which would have predicted a less than optimal result, as he has ultimately experienced with the surgery performed by Dr. Anita Nevyas-Wallace.
Dr. Friedman, your kind attention to this information and awareness of my opinion to the best degree of medical probability which is in complete agreement with Dr. Salz that Dr. Anita Nevyas-Wallace had substandard care
Page Two RE: MORGAN, DOMINIC JHH: 4-3200368
related to the treatment provided with LASIK surgery on behalf of Dominic Morgan. If you have any questions regarding this deviation from the standard of care in patient selection and treatment, please do not hesitate to contact me directly at 410-847-3508.
Sincerely, signature on original scanned document
Dr. Terrence O’Brien’s declaration could not be scanned and converted, but can be found above.
DR. TERRENCE O’BRIEN’S REPORTS CONCERNING A PRIOR PATIENT, ALSO DAMAGED:
THE WILMER EYE INSTITUTE AT GREEN SPRING STATION The Eye Surgery Center at Green Spring Station 10753 Falls Road, Suits 305 Lutherville, MD 21093 (410) 614-2020 Fax: (410) 583-2842 Email: email@example.com Terrence P. O’Brien, M.D. Associate Professor of Ophthalmology External Diseases and Cornea Director, Ocular Microbiology Director, Refractive Eye Surgery FACSIMILE: (215)241-9904
April 6, 2001
Samuel F. Kafrissen, P.C. 1515 Market Street Suite 616
Philadelphia, PA 19102
RE: Cheryl Fiorelli
Dear Mr. Kafrissen:
Thank you very much for your kind inquiry into the ocular conditions and ophthalmologic care provided to Cheryl Fiorelli. I have now had the opportunity to perform a comprehensive review of the medical records of Cheryl Fiorelli from the Nevyas Eye Associates/Nevyasxx Nevyas Laser Surgery Institute from February 4, 1997 through January 4, 1999. In addition, I have reviewed the subsequent records of Cheryl Fiorelli from Richard Tipperman, M.D. from February 3, 1999 through December 16, 1999. Following detailed review of these medical records, I have been provided with a copy of the transcripts from the sworn depositions of Dr. Anita Nevyas-Wallace, Dr. Nevyasx Nevyas and Cheryl Fiorelli and have thoroughly reviewed these documents.
Ms. Cheryl Fiorelli had an ophthalmic history significant for refractive error classified as extreme myopia and high astigmatism. Because of the extremely high myopia and high astigmatism, she had always had reduced visual function that could not be corrected fully with glasses or contact lenses. Because Ms. Fiorelli noted a subjective improvement in the quality and quantity of her vision using contact lenses, she reportedly wore contact lenses from an early age (grade 7). She developed giant papillary conjunctivitis and was treated at the Nevyas Eye Associates in Pennsylvania. She had also received optometric care provided by Dr. Deborah Signorino in Byrn Mawr, Pennsylvania and had worn contact lenses with variable success.
Samuel F. Kafrissen, P.C. Page 2 April 6, 2001
On February 4, 1997 Ms. Fiorelli was evaluated at the Nevyas Eye Associates by Dr. Ira B. Wallace emergently for an ocular foreign body sensation. She removed her contact lens but continued to experience persistent foreign body sensation. Dr. Nevyasx reported that the ocular examination disclosed a measured visual acuity of right eye: 20/70 and left eye: 20/70+ wearing her eye glass prescription. The intraocular pressures were normal measuring right eye: 19 and left eye: 14. The examination was notable for peripheral corneal neovascxilarization especially superiorly measuring 2-3 mm x 2-3 mm with overlying punctate keratopathy and an irregular epithelium. Dr. Nevyasx requested Ms. Fiorelli to abstain from contact lens wear and initiated topical corticosteroid therapy in the form of Flarex 1 drop, 3 times a day. She was scheduled to return to see Dr. Anita Nevyas-Wallace to evaluate her cornea. Of note, pharmacologic dilation was performed and ophthalmoscopy completed by Dr. Edward Nevyas including examination of the retinal periphery. Dr. Nevyas reportedly observed peripheral retinoschisis but no breaks or retinal detachment.
One week following this appointment, a letter was written by Dr. Anita Nevyas-Wallace, M.D. to BlueCross Personal Choice in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania regarding Ms. Cheryl Fiorelli. hi her correspondence to BlueCross Personal Choice dated February 10, 1997, Dr. Anita Nevyas-Wallace pleaded a case for the medical necessity for refractive eye surgery for Ms. Fiorelli. Dr. Nevyas-Nevyasx contended that refractive surgery “should indeed be covered by insurance, as it is necessary in order for her to be able to function in her work”.
On March 3, 1997, Dr. Anita Nevyas-Wallace saw Ms. Cheryl Fiorelli back for a follow-up examination. Her assessment was that Ms. Fiorelli’s giant papillary conjunctivitis had improved with the giant papillae under the right lid appearing less elevated.
Dr. Anita Nevyas-Wallace then initially planned to perform LASIK refractive surgery on Ms. Fiorelli’s left eye on 3/20/97 at the Nevyasxx Nevyas Laser Surgery Institute and tentatively planned to perform LASEK surgery on the right eye on 4/17/97. A bill for professional services was generated on March 12, 1997 payable by Ms. Cheryl Fiorelli in the amount of $2,100 to Nevyas Eye Associates and $400 to Dr. Signorino for optometric referral for the planned LASIK surgery.
On March 20, 1997, Cheryl Fiorelli underwent an initial LASIK procedure actually performed to her right eye by the surgeon, Dr. Anita Nevyas-Wallace. Apparently, a registered nurse, Deborah Nevyasx, was in control of the foot pedals of the microkeratome that was used to create the LASIK flap. During the procedure, the microkeratome stopped three-quarters of the way on the forward pass and one-quarter of the backward pass. Both times, Nurse Deborah Nevyasx removed her foot off of the pedal and pressed again as the keratome finished its pass. Dr. Anita Nevyas-Wallace, as the surgeon, apparently did not control the foot pedals of the microkeratome device. The Excimer Laser ablation for the extremely high myopia and high astigmatism was
Samuel F. Kafrissen, P.C. Page 3 April 6, 2001
performed using a non-approved Excimer Laser (“black box laser”). This Excimer Laser was not formally approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, Medical Device Division. From subsequent reports, the laser engine was a Schwind Compex 201, which is not approved for human use in the United States.
The Excimer Laser ablation that was carried out by Dr. Anita Nevyas-Wallace using the unapproved Excimer Laser was subsequently found post-operatively to be significantly decentered based on computer-assisted comeal topographic analysis. In addition, Ms. Cheryl Fiorelli sustained a marked overcorrection with a significant hyperopic astigmatic refractive result. On the fourth day post-operative (3/24/97), Ms. Fiorelli was complaining of subjective and qualitative disturbances in her visual acuity. Her visual acuity without correction in the right eye measured 2100 pinholing to 20/70. The subjective refraction right eye: (+6.75 -2.25: axis 118 equaled 20/70). On follow-up exam, this major over-correction had a slight regression and on 3/31/97 the subjective refraction measured right eye: (+4.75: -2.25: axis 125 equaled 20/80-). The corneal topographic analysis disclosed a significantly decentered Excimer Laser ablation in the right eye.
On May 12, 1997, the visual acuity without correction right eye measured 20/70 pinholing to 20/40 with a significant halo. There was the previously noted supero-nasal decentration of the ablation.
On May 15, 1997, Dr. Anita Nevyas-Wallace attempted a retreatment of Ms. Fiorelli’s right eye in an effort to reduce the disturbing subjective qualitative symptoms of halos and decreased vision resulting in part from the supero-nasal decentration. On 5/19/97, four days status post, the LASIK retreatment in the right eye, the visual acuity without correction in the right eye measured 20/100 pinholing to 20/70. Ms. Fiorelli was still seeing subjective halos in the right eye and complaining of subjectively diminished visual acuity especially at the mid-range distance of about five feet. Her subjective refraction in the right eye: (+4.75 -1.25 x 110 equals 20/60-3).
Ms. Fiorelli’s subjective disturbances following the LASIK treatment with the unapproved Excimer Laser with significant decentration persisted through the summer of 1997. On July 7, 1997, the visual acuity without correction measured 20/70 with the hyperopic astigmatic refraction. It was felt that the decreased best corrected visual acuity was in part due to flap striae and due to the decentered ablation as well as the overcorrection. Dr. Anita Nevyas-Wallace then had developed several treatment plans in an effort to improve the poor quality and quantity of vision with yet another laser retreatment. On July 10, 1997, Ms. Fiorelli underwent a third LASIK retreatment to her right eye. On August 25, Ms. Fiorelli was still not driving at night and still complained of subjective halos and poor vision from the right eye. Her visual acuity without
Samuel F. Kafrissen, P.C. Page 4 April 6, 2001
Measured 20/50 pinholing to 20/50+. The subjective refraction of the right eye disclosed: (+1.75 – 1.25 axis 097 equaling 20/50-).
Despite the initial LASIK surgery and two subsequent surgeries, Ms. Fiorelli continued to have subjective disturbances in her visual function with poor quality of vision and images complicated by significant halo and glare effect with multiple optical images and difficulty driving and carrying out her activities of daily living.
Despite the poor result of the initial surgery in March 1997, Dr. Anita Nevyas-Wallace then elected to proceed with performing a clear lens extraction in Ms. Cheryl Fiorelli’s left eye on March 27, 1997, just one week following the initial LAS DC surgery with the initial poor outcome. Despite the high myopia and high astigmatism (left eye: (-14.25: +5.00: axis 010), Dr. Anita Nevyas-Wallace selected a silicone plate haptic intraocular lens, which was inserted into the left eye on March 27, 1997 by Dr. Anita Nevyas-Wallace. Post-operatively, Ms. Fiorelli had a significant residual myopia of over 3 diopters with significant early posterior capsular opacification. On July 14, 1997, Dr. Anita Nevyas-Wallace performed a YAG Laser Posterior Capsulotomy to Ms. Fiorelli’s left eye. A repeat capsulotomy was then required on December 14, 1998. In addition, Ms. Fiorelli sustained a significant elevation in intraocular pressure in the left eye following the cataract surgery.
Because of the anisometropia of the left eye compared with the overcorrected right and the dislocated plate haptic intraocular lens with residual thickened posterior capsulotomy opacity, an intraocular lens exchange was performed by Dr. Richard Tipperman on April 9, 1999. The Chiron silicone plate haptic intraocular lens of incorrect power was exchanged with an Alcon acrylic MA60BM of power +6 diopters inserted in the posterior chamber in the ciliary sulcus. Because of the two previous YAG Laser Capsulotomies, it was not possible to safely place the intraocular lens into the capsular bag due to the radial openings in the posterior capsule and the likelihood of lens subluxation. By May 27, 1999, her visual acuity without correction in the left eye measured 20/40-2 pinholing to 20/30-3. The intraocular lens was well centered in the ciliary sulcus with trace cell and flare. The intraocular pressure was elevated to 30 mmHg possibly in response to the topical steroid use and Ms. Fiorelli was discontinued from the steroid and placed on a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agent Voltaren along with Alphagan twice a day for the increased pressure.
Because of her continued subjective disturbances in quality and quantity of her vision in the right eye following the LASIK procedure and two enhancements performed by Dr. Anita Nevyas-Wallace, she was referred to the Wills Eye Hospital to Dr. Zoraida Fiol-Silva for an attempt at rigid contact lens fitting. With the fitting of a rigid gas permeable contact lens to her right eye, there was an objective and subjective improvement in visual acuity. This suggests the likelihood
Samuel F. Kafrissen, P.C. Page 5 April 6, 2001
of irregular astigmatism created by the LASIK procedures including the creation of the LASIK flap and the decentered Excimer Laser ablation.
In summary, Ms. Cheryl Fiorelli has a history of exceptionally high myopia and high astigmatism. She had been wearing contact lenses since an early age and developed giant papillary conjunctivitis. A short course at attempted therapy was undertaken. Ms. Fiorelli then underwent elective refractive eye surgery for her extremely high myopia and astigmatism. Dr. Anita Nevyas-Wallace selected the LASIK procedure for the right eye. There were no measurements of cornea thickness obtained pre-operatively despite the availability of an ultrasonic pachymeter at the Nevyasxx Nevyas Laser Surgery Institute. In addition, Dr. Anita Nevyas-Wallace reportedly had been certified in Automated Lamellar Keratoplasty and was familiar with the necessity of comeal pachymetry especially in patients with higher myopia and higher intended Excimer Laser ablations.
During the attempted LASIK procedure, there were difficulties with the microkeratome pass both in the forward direction and in the reverse direction. In addition, following the Excimer Laser ablation on March 20, 1997, there was a marked overcorrection with significant hyperopia and astigmatism created by an apparent decentered ablation. Two subsequent retreatments were performed which reduced the overcorrection and astigmatism and improved the decentration yet failed to correct the irregular astigmatism and qualitative disturbances in vision in association with an exceptionally flat cornea following the extensive ablations.
Just one week after the initial LASIK procedure with poor early outcome, Dr. Anita Nevyas-Wallace elected to perform a clear lensectomy on a young, highly myopic patient. A silicone-plate haptic intraocular lens was selected and placed into Ms. Fiorelli’s left eye. There was early posterior capsular opacification in association with the silicone-plate haptic intraocular lens. A YAG Laser Capsultomy was performed. A. second YAG Laser Capsultomy was then repeated. The plate haptic intraocular lens was then decentered. There was significant residual postÂoperative myopia, which created anisometropia given the marked overcorrection with hyperopia and astigmatism in the right eye. A third operative procedure was required on the left eye to exchange the silicone-plate haptic intraocular lens design of sub-optimal power and to enlarge the posterior capsulotomy. This was accomplished by Dr. Tipperman and fortunately, Ms. Fiorelli experienced a return of better visual function in the left eye. Naturally, as a young, high myope patient she continues to carry a significant cumulative risk for retinal detachment following the clear lens extraction procedure, two YAG Laser Capsulotomies and a third intraocular lens exchange and posterior capsulectomy.
It is my opinion, to the best degree of medical probability, that Dr. Anita Nevyas-Wallace deviated from acceptable standards of care in her surgical judgement in selecting Ms. Cheryl Fiorelli as a candidate for LASIK surgery given her extremely high myopia and astigmatism.
Samuel F. Kafrissen, P.C. Page 6 April 6, 2001
The failure to obtain corneal pachymetry to accurately assess comeal thickness preoperatively even in 1997 was substandard. The creation of the LASIK flap was complicated by microkeratome failure and stoppage both on the forward and reverse passes as documented in the medical record. Actually, a nurse was controlling the foot pedals of the microkeratome and not the operative surgeon. Moreover, an unapproved laser (“black box laser”) was used to perform the Excimer Laser ablation. This Excimer Laser ablation resulted in a markedly significant overcorrection and a post-operative topography indicating a significantly decentered ablation. It is my opinion, to the best degree of medical probability, that this marked overcorrection and decentration created by Dr. Anita Nevyas-Wallace’s Excimer Laser treatment using the unapproved laser is the direct cause of Ms. Cheryl Fiorelli’s irregular astigmatism and continued subjective visual disturbances in the right eye in association with markedly flat keratometry readings.
The decision to perform early clear lens extraction in a young patient with high myopia in her left eye carries a significant cumulative risk for retinal detachment in Ms. Fiorelli’s lifetime. This is increased by the necessity for early YAG Capsultomy following placement of a silicone hap tic plate lens in a highly myopic young individual. Finally, a third major operation to exchange the intraocular lens of suboptimal power and extension of the posterior capsultomy can only increase the long term risk of retinal detachment for her left eye.
Mr. Kafrissen, your kind attention to this information regarding the ophthalmologic care provided to Ms. Cheryl Fiorelli by Dr. Anita Nevyas-Wallace, that in my expert medical opinion, falls below acceptable standards by reasonable practitioners is greatly appreciated. Moreover, Ms. Fiorelli’s ongoing problems of poor quality of vision with subjective halos are a direct result of the substandard surgeries performed by Dr. Anita Nevyas-Wallace beginning in March 1997.
If you have any questions, please do not hesitate to contact me directly.
signature on original scanned document
Dr. Kenneth Kenyon’s Reports
The following are scanned images of Doctor Kenneth Kenyon’s reports regarding Keith Wills, another LASIK casualty.
(Click Page # to enlarge)
The reports of Dr. Kenyon, Dr. Salz, and Dr. O’Brien clearly states the deviation from ‘Standard of Care’ by Drs. Herbert Nevyas and Anita Nevyas-Wallace.
LASIK Gone Wrong
What happened to Keith Wills
When EYES, Windows To The Soul, are broken
By Jo Wills
My husband, Keith R. Wills went to Dr. Herbert Nevyas of Bala Cynwyd, PA, for an evaluation to determine if he was a candidate for LASIK surgery on July 26, 1997. Dr. Robert Levy of Burlington, NJ, recommended Dr. Nevyas, a doctor that was performing LASIK in the area, evaluate Keith for LASIK surgery.
LASIK surgery was scheduled to be performed on my husbandâ€™s first eye on August 28, 1997, and the second was scheduled for September 11, 1997. Dr. Nevyas and Dr. Sterling were both present when Keith and I discussed his need to see in detail since he was an amateur astronomer and worked with small parts and wires in computers. Keith discussed his new purchase of a telescope and how his job duties required clear vision. He was told that his vision would be â€œcrystal clearâ€. Dr. Nevyas even patted my husband on the back and speaking to me said weâ€™ll â€œtake care of this big guyâ€. Dr. Nevyas followed up with a letter dated July 26, 1997 to Dr. Robert Levy; stating that Keith was an â€œexcellent candidate for LASIK surgery.â€
Dr. Nevyas did not inform us that he was using laser that did not have FDA approval. None of the information that he provided prior to the day of the surgery indicated that my husband was going to be a â€œguinea pigâ€ for the Doctorâ€™s own financial advancement. Apparently he wanted his invention approved by the FDA and then he could market the device as he had done with his other inventions.
One day we got a call and a representative from the doctors office told us that the surgery was going to be delayed because the FDA â€œhad to approveâ€ Keithâ€™s surgery since he had a high degree of myopia. The first surgery was initially scheduled for August 8, 1997 and was pushed back to October 7, 1997. When he was informed that the delay continued, Keith became extremely concerned and had a â€œgutâ€ feeling that the delays were an indication that he shouldnâ€™t have the surgery. He was concerned about the possible problems that could result from this surgery so he told them he was canceling the surgery. Dr. Nevyas was so concerned over Keith canceling his surgery that he called and went over Keithâ€™s concerns at length. He told my husband that since he was an â€œexcellent candidateâ€ and he had virtually no chance of having any of the problems that he was concerned over. The doctor was aggressive in his attempt to â€œsaveâ€ his business and assured my husband that he was not going to have complications so that he would agree to continue with the scheduled surgery. Before the doctor would perform any surgery, we had to submit $5,000.
On the day of surgery, my husband was picked up at our home by a van that was provided by one of Doctor Nevyasâ€™ holdings, The Delaware Valley Laser Institute. The doctor now had a captive audience.
Dr. Nevyas had told Keith that he was not to be concerned about the adverse conditions listed in the â€œInformed Consentâ€ document that the doctor had Keith sign. [How can a patient have informed consent when a doctor makes verbal representations that differ from the document that he requires his patient to sign before he will perform surgery?]
On October 7, 1997, my husband was seated in the operatory chair and the laser was set in front of him. He was told to look at the red light in the laser, but he told Dr. Nevyas that he could not see the red light. There was some whispering but Keith could not determine what was being said and then the Dr. Nevyas asked him if he could see the red light again and Keith responded â€œnoâ€. Then Dr. Nevyas told Keith to look straight ahead and not move his eyes. He told the doctor that he couldnâ€™t see so he wasnâ€™t sure if he was looking straight ahead. Dr. Nevyas proceeded with the surgery anyway. AN ADVERSE EVENT!
The same happened during the surgery on his other eye on October 9, 1997. He again could not see the red light but Dr. Nevyas performed the LASIK any way. ANOTHER ADVERSE EVENT!
When the LASIK surgery did not turn out as was expected and Keith was not able to see clearly, Dr. Nevyas performed additional procedures to correct the problems that were created by the LASIK surgery. Each succeeding surgery was called an â€œenhancementâ€ where the doctor told Keith he would â€œfine tuneâ€ his sight. Enhancements created new problems. When my husband would ask at each visit why he was not seeing any better, Dr. Nevyas would tell Keith to â€œbe patient, it takes timeâ€. The doctor would see Keith at specific intervals, having him wait until each procedure healed.
When another doctor told Keith that his eyes would not get better, and that there was virtually no cornea left to correct, Keith sought the advice of an attorney. A lawsuit was filed in Philadelphia, PA. We were told that the doctorâ€™s malpractice insurance company was bankrupt and that the Stateâ€™s insurance fund would cover the liability up to a certain limit. If we did get a settlement, no matter how high, it was limited by the State fundâ€™s maximum coverage.
We got our day in court in December 2003, the trial started off with Dr. Levy, Keithâ€™s treating eye doctor testifying against Dr. Nevyas. Dr. Kenyon, an expert witness, from Boston, MA, followed explaining that Keith was injured by the LASIK surgery. Both Keith and I testified. Dr. Nevyasâ€™ expert witness testified at night and the video taped testimony was presented to the jurors the next day. The main point that I got from his testimony was that even Dr. Nevyasâ€™ own defense expert did not agree with Dr. Nevyas and that this expert was confused on pertinent matters.
Then it was Dr. Nevyas turn to defend himself, and he testified that he didnâ€™t have to report my husband’s failed surgery as an adverse event. His reasoning was that he had to perform additional surgery on Keith to correct his eyes so he took Keith off the â€œinvestigational device studyâ€ and did not report his adverse events. He didnâ€™t report Keithâ€™s surgery to the FDA at all.
The purpose of the FDA â€œinvestigational device studyâ€ is to see if the FDA should approve the equipment for use. He should have noted on the report that Keith, a patient entered into the study had an adverse event and required further surgery which would preclude him from being reported in follow up reports for the study. Keith should not have been dropped off the report, which hid the fact that there was a problem with the laser. The FDA does require that all â€œadverse eventsâ€ be reported, not excluded/covered up as had happened in this matter. [I wonder how many other adverse events werenâ€™t reported because Dr. Nevyas had his â€œownâ€ interpretation of the study requirements.]
I made numerous contacts with the FDA regarding this matter, but have been unable to get anything from them. The FDA has stated that it has previously investigated the Nevyas Laser and will not investigate unless new information is presented. I informed the FDA that we have new information that they did not have previously, the failure of the doctor to include â€œAdverse Eventsâ€ on my husband and why. I am disturbed that an agency that is supposed to protect the public from injury by medical equipment, will not address our concerns.
Keith was not able to see the red light in the laser. He was not a candidate for the surgery. He did not give his informed consent.
The FDA requires many documents to be signed before a doctor can enter into an â€œinvestigational studyâ€ and use equipment that has not been FDA approved. The documents I have seen do not have the required signatures, but the Doctor continued to use his invention, refusing to sign a document that was to be part of an agreement. The FDA should have reviewed Dr.â€™s files, reports and agreements to determine if he was following the rules, regulations and laws set forth to protect the public.
Since my husbandâ€™s surgeries were never reported as adverse events, Dr. Nevyas failed to report as required by law and his agreement, which included parts that he refused to sign. He covered up the problems of his laser by reporting to the FDA that there were NO ADVERSE events on all his reports to them.
Documents that Dr. Nevyas filed the following year indicated that he made a change from the red light in his laser to a green light; he didnâ€™t just make this modification without a reason. The red light was difficult for some patients to see so he made a modification to his laser, my husband was one of those people and now his eyes are permanently damaged.
Is there a pattern here? Dr. Nevyas lied to my husband about â€œinformed consent issuesâ€ to convince him to have the surgery. When the Doctor submitted reports to the FDA that omitted required information, he covered up a severe disabling event. It doesnâ€™t even stop here, in Civil Court, Dr. Nevyas lied under oath about the fact that he was not required to report my husband as an adverse event to the FDA. Lies, Lies, Lies.
Just one month before our trial, a Louisiana doctor was found guilty of violations of the same federal laws. The FDA publication, P03-92, dated November 5, 2003 states that a Louisiana Doctor was violating federal laws related to the conduct of clinical studies. FDA Commissioner Mark B. McClellan, M.D., Ph.D. made this statement: â€œThis penalty sends a clear message that FDA will not tolerate conduct that can put patients at risk and erode the trust between research subjects and the medical research community.â€ For example, studies of high risk devices such as ophthalmic lasers must be conducted according to an investigational plan reviewed and approved by FDA and an investigator must obtain informed consent from each participant. In addition, the device cannot be used on patients before the study begins. The Louisiana Doctorâ€™s violations are listed below and almost mirror what happened to my husband when he went to Dr. Nevyas.
Â· Used an unapproved laser on patients before the study began;
Â· Treated more subjects than allowed under the study plan that was approved by FDA;
Â· Ignored parameters of the study by treating nearsightedness beyond the permitted range and by treating astigmatism and both eyes of some patients;
Â· Failed to submit complete, accurate, and timely reports to FDA about the ongoing study; and
Â· Misrepresented that he was using an FDA-approved laser to treat patients when, in fact, the procedures were performed with an unapproved, experimental laser.
The Nevyas Excimer Laserâ€™s ablation [removal of tissue from the body by surgical or other means] zone was 5 mm, and my husband pupils were 6.25 mm, which is considered relatively large. Using a laser on a patient with pupils larger than the laserâ€™s ablation zone was known to cause the same problems that my husband suffers from. Clearly Dr. Nevyas should have informed my husband that this almost guaranteed that he would have an adverse result. Due to the fact that Keith had large pupils, Dr. Nevyas should never have considered Keith a candidate for LASIK let alone report that he was an â€œEXCELLENT CANDIDATEâ€ as in the letter to Dr. Levy.
Dr. Nevyas did not perform the Pachemetry test, it has been indicated by experts that this test would have shown that my husband was not a candidate. My husbandâ€™s cornea is now too thin to perform further corrections to his eyes.
On 7/21//97, we visited a website â€œQuackWatchâ€, where Dr. Herbert J. Nevyas, MD, authored a page on Refractive Surgery. It stated: â€œLaser-in-situ keratomileusis (LASIK): The first corneal flap is made as in ALK, and an extremely precise underlying cut is made with an Excimer Laser. LASIK techniques can be used to correct astigmatism and farsightedness as well as myopia. The results are nearly always predictable, there is no postoperative discomfort, and glare is uncommon. The operation is preferred by eye surgeons throughout the world who have sufficient experience and have access to the necessary equipment. Several eye-surgery centers in the United States have FDA approval to perform LASIK, and some individual ophthalmologists have acquired unapproved but high-quality devices through foreign channels.â€
â€œAbout the Author:
Dr. Nevyas, who specializes in refractive surgery, is Clinical Professor of Ophthalmology at the Medical College of Pennsylvania. His main office and ambulatory surgical center is located in the Philadelphia area at Two Bala Plaza, Bala Cynwyd, PA 19004. Telephone: (610) 668-2777.â€
Only recently when I searched the â€œQuackWatchâ€ website I discovered it is operated by Dr. Stephen Barrett who married Judith Nevyas and they live in a suburb outside of Philadelphia. When the above article was published on the website, it appeared to be an official site endorsing Dr. Nevyas by allowing him to publish with them since they had investigated Dr. Nevyas as an authority on the matter. It appears that I was misled and this was only a â€œhealth promotionalâ€ site for a family member.
On 2/13/2003 that same website included a revision dated 4/24/1999, which included an expanded list of complications. [This may have been a result of lawsuits filed against Dr. Nevyas and his associates.]
I would like to know why we were not protected against this doctor and why the FDA failed us in this matter. We tried to obtain copies of the official documents to use in our medical malpractice lawsuit, but the FDA, stated they were confidential and they would not be released.
Those documents could have been presented to the jury showing that this was not an approved laser, and that the doctor had even misled the government by providing inaccurate reports, documents and representations.
After the civil court trial was over, jury members stated that if they had known this information it would have changed their decision. The documents were requested from the doctor but he refused to present them in court. They were requested as part of the pre-trial discovery, but not submitted by either the doctor or the FDA. Just prior to the doctorâ€™s testimony, my attorney informed his attorney to bring the documents to court but they were never provided.
I have contacted numerous local agencies; the Attorney Generalâ€™s of NJ and PA, the Court System, even the local authorities. Each has told me that the FDA is the agency responsible in this matter. The FDA claims no responsibility; they oversee equipment, not the doctorâ€™s use or practice.
We are a family of 4, two teenage girls who have not been able to spend time with their daddy doing things they enjoy. I have a husband that is no longer the man I married, he cannot enjoy his hobbies and interests and it interferes with the way my husband performs his job duties. I am concerned that we have had to radically change our way of life, not because of an accident, or the aging process, but because someone willfully misled my husband changing the way we all live.
After seeing what happened to Martha Stewart for lying to investigators, I cannot understand why this doctor gets away with his actions, ones that caused actual physical pain and permanent disability to other human beings.
Any assistance in helping us understand why the â€œsystemâ€ failed us along with any recommendations as to a direction we may take would be appreciated.
Mr. & Mrs. Wills were also threatened with a lawsuit by the Nevyases’ attorneys:
Your essay above referred to is replete with false and defamatory statements maliciously designated to injure Dr. Nevyas and Nevyas Eye Associates. Initially you falsely state that Dr. Nevyas stated that your husband’s vision would be “crystal clear” and further stated that Dr. Nevyas said “we’ll take care of this big guy”. Both of the statements are false.
Dr. Nevyas never made any such statements.
You further state that “Dr. Nevyas did not inform us that he was using [sic] laser that did not have the FDA approval.”
This statement is false and defamatory because Dr. Nevyas did have FDA approval to use his laser under an investigational device exemption. You know this to be true and therefore falsifying the statement in your essay can only be malicious.
You further state that Dr. Nevyas wanted FDA approval for his laser or because “then he could market the device as he had done with his other inventions.”
This statement is false and defamatory. Dr. Nevyas requested an investigational device exemption only for use in his own practice. He did not seek approval to commercially market his laser. Your husband was part of the study which was fully and completely explained to him in writing and nothing that Dr. Nevyas did treated your husband as a “guinea pig” which you falsely and maliciously assert. The study was fully approved by the FDA. In addition, Dr. Nevyas did not call either you or your husband to try to persuade either you or your husband to have the Lasik Surgery. Sending a van to pick up your husband for Surgery was a service provided by Dr. Nevyas for your husband’s benefit. He was not required to use the services of a van, nor was he at any time or in any way prevented from leaving Dr. Nevyas’ office or the surgical center or notifying Dr. Nevyas that he had changed his mind about the surgery.
You falsely and maliciously state your husband’s treatment was not reported to the FDA.
On the contrary your husband’s treatment was reported to the FDA.
You falsely state that Dr. Nevyas “lied to my husband about’ informed consent issues’….”
Your husband signed a detailed consent form and then passed a true and false test to make sure he understood what he was signing. You fail to report that the court completely rejected any claim that your husband did not receive informed consent.
You falsely and maliciously state that Dr. Nevyas treated more subjects than allowed under the study plan that was approved by the FDA. You falsely and maliciously state that Dr. Nevyas “ignored parameters of the study by treating nearsightedness beyond the permitted range and by treating astigmatism and both eyes of some patients.”
All of Dr. Nevyas’ treatment was reviewed by the FDA and the study was at no time halted. You falsely state that Dr. Nevyas failed to submit complete accurate and timely reports to the FDA about the on going study.”
You falsely state that Dr. Nevyas “Misrepresented that he was using an FDA approved laser to treat patients when, in fact, the procedures were performed with an unapproved experimental laser.”
Dr Nevyas received FDA approval to use a laser which he used on your husband and you know that as does your husband. The FDA approved the laser for use by Dr. Nevyas under an investigational device exemption.
You falsely state that Dr. Nevyas should have never have considered Keith as a candidate for LASIK…”
This statement is false and you know it to be false.
You have many other half-truths false statements and malicious innuendo in your essay. The truth is that the FDA approved Dr. Nevyas’ study and that your husband went from being virtually blind without assistance of corrective lenses to being 20/20 without any correction at all.
Finally, you include in your ‘Guest Book the statement that “Dr. Herbert Nevyas and Dr. Anita Nevyas accused of submitting fraudulent reports to the FDA” which is false and defamatory.
The statement implies that the FDA accused both Dr. Nevyas and Dr. Anita Nevyas of submitting fraudulent reports to the FDA” which is false and defamatory. The statement implies that the FDA accused both Dr. Herbert Nevyas and Dr. Anita Nevyas of submitting fraudulent reports to the FDA. You know this to be false.
You also state “Dr. Anita Nevyas Target of FDA Criminal Complaint”. This is false, defamatory and maliciously published by you when you know this to be a falsehood. Dr. Anita Nevyas was never a target of an FDA criminal complaint, but in fact has an unblemished record with the FDA.
You must either remove all of these lies from your essay and “Guest Book” or remove the entire document. Your conduct is inexcusable. Your husband has his day in court you presented all of your evidence and the jury found against you as well as they should have. If you wish to avoid litigation remove this filth from the Web by July 5, 2006.
Very truly yours,
Leon W. Silverman