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Iatrogenic ring scotoma after LASIK PDF Print E-mail
Wednesday, 05 July 2006 08:58

http://www.escrs.org/journal/October2002/caseoct02.asp

Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery

October 2002 Volume 28, Number 10 

Case Reports 

Sandra M. Brown, MD, Jose Morales, MD 

A 37-year-old ophthalmologist had bilateral simultaneous laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) for moderate myopia with astigmatism using the Alcon Summit LADARVision laser; an ablation zone of 5.5 mm was used. Five months after surgery, the uncorrected visual acuity was 20/20 and 20/25 but despite regular corneal topographies, the patient experienced prominent ghost images under photopic and scotopic conditions. To elucidate the nature of the problem, automated static perimetry was performed, which revealed a significant depression between 10 degrees and 30 degrees compared with a baseline study obtained 3 years earlier. The patient started brimonidine 0.2% 1 drop in both eyes every morning, which caused 1.5 to 2.0 mm of pupillary miosis (tonic pupil size 3.0 to 4.0 mm in dim light) and eradicated the ghost images. Repeat perimetry showed significant improvement in all indices. The mechanism of improvement is unclear but may be due to elimination of light scatter from the transition zone between the ablated and unablated cornea. The issue of perimetric changes after refractive surgery deserves more attention; postoperative testing may be indicated for patients in whom the ablation zone diameter is close to the mesopic or scotopic pupil size to provide an accurate lifetime baseline visual field.