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Spot size and quality of scanning laser correction of higher-order wavefront aberrations PDF Print E-mail
Monday, 18 September 2006 13:43

Cataract Refract Surg. 2002 Mar;28(3):407-16.

 

Huang D, Arif M.

 

Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, Ohio 44195, USA. huangd@ccf.org

 

PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of laser spot size on the outcome of aberration correction with scanning laser corneal ablation.

 

SETTING: Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, Ohio, USA.

 

METHODS: Corrections of wavefront aberrations of Zernike modes from the second to eighth order were simulated. Gaussian and top-hat beams of 0.6 to 2.0 mm full-width-half-maximum diameters were modeled. The fractional correction and secondary aberration (distortion) were evaluated.

 

RESULTS: Using a distortion/correction ratio of less than 0.5 as a cutoff for adequate performance, a 2.0 mm or smaller beam was adequate for spherocylindrical correction (Zernike second order), a 1.0 mm or smaller beam was adequate for correction of up to fourth-order Zernike modes, and a 0.6 mm or smaller beam was adequate for correction of up to sixth-order Zernike modes.

 

CONCLUSIONS: Since ocular aberrations above the Zernike fourth order are relatively insignificant in normal eyes, current scanning lasers with a beam diameter of 1.0 mm or less are theoretically capable of eliminating most higher-order aberrations.